Europe & Asia (1939-1943)

  • Nazis siezes Czechoslovakia

    Hitle`s troops marched into the rest of Czechoslovakia.
    This was the time when, most British people, realize that the only thing that would stop Hitlet was a war.
  • Nazis sign the 'Pact of Steel' with Italy

    With this pact, Italy and Germany agree to a military and political alliance, giving birth formally to the Axis powers.
  • Britain and Poland sign the Anglo-Polish military alliance

    An alliance between Great Britain and Poland for mutual assistance in case of military invasion from Germany.
  • Nazis and Soviets sign the "Nonaggression Pact"

    In this pact the Fascist Germany and Communist Russia nowpublicly pledged never to attack one another.
  • Nazis invade Poland

    Inmediate cause of World War II.
  • Britain and France declare war on Germany

    Honoring their guarantee of Poland’s borders, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.
  • United States proclaims its neutrality in the war

  • The Soviet Union invades Poland from the east

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    Warsaw (Poland's capital) surrenders on September 27

    The Polish government flees into exile via Romania. Germany and the Soviet Union divide Poland between them.
  • Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany

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    The Phoney War

    It was a phase early in World War II that was marked by a lack of major military operations by the Western Allies (Great Britan and France) against the German Reich.
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    The Soviet Union invades Finland, initiating the so-called Winter War

    The Finns sue for an armistice and have to cede the northern shores of Lake Lagoda and the small Finnish coastline on the Arctic Sea to the Soviet Union.
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    Germany invades Denmark and Norway

    Denmark surrenders on the day of the attack; Norway holds out until June 9.
  • Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister

    Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister
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    Germany attacks western Europe—France and the neutral Low Countries

    Luxembourg is occupied on May 10; the Netherlands surrenders on May 14; and Belgium surrenders on May 28. On June 22, France signs an armistice agreement by which the Germans occupy the northern half of the country and the entire Atlantic coastline. In southern France, a collaborationist regime with its capital in Vichy is established.
  • Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk begins

  • Italy enters the war

    Italy declares war on Britain and France.
  • Soviets begin occupation of the Baltic States

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    Battle of Britain

    It was a Germany’s air force campaign against Great Britain. At first, the Germans' target were British airfields and aircraft factories. Then, they began bombing cities, especially London, to break British morale. Despite the destruction and lossof life, the British did not waver.
    At the end stunned by British resistance, Hitler decided to call off his attacks.
  • The Italians invade British-controlled Egypt from Italian-controlled Libya.

  • Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact

    Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact
    In the agreement they recognized each other's spheres of interest and undertook to assist one another with all political, economic and military means when one of the three contracting powers is attacked by a country not already involved in the war, excluding the Soviet Union.
  • Spain declares it's neutrality

    It rejects Hitler's offer to join the war.
  • Italy invades Greece from Albania

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    Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania join the Axis

  • Greeks defeat the Italian

  • Operation Brevity

    Operation Brevity
    British forces in Egypt counter attack the Italians
  • Hitler sends General Rommel and the Afrika Korps to help the Italians in North Africa

  • Bulgaria joins The Axis

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    Germany invades and conquer Yugoslavia and Greece

    Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria invade and dismember Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia surrenders on April 17. Germany and Bulgaria invade Greece in support of the Italians. Resistance in Greece ceases in early June 1941.
  • Japan and Russia sign non-aggression pact

  • German troops occupy Athens

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    Operation Barbarossa

    Nazi Germany and its Axis partners' (except Bulgaria) plan to invade the Soviet Union. The Germans quickly overrun the Baltic States and, joined by the Finns, lay siege to Leningrad (St. Petersburg) by September. In the center, the Germans capture Smolensk in early August and drive on Moscow by October. Hitler orders "maximum cruelty" against civilians, Russian resist.
  • United States announces an oil embargo against aggressor states

    Roosevelt cut off oil shipments to Japan
  • Roosevelt freezes Japanese assets in United States and suspends relations

  • First experimental use of gas chambers at Auschwitz

  • German's further domination of the USSR is stop before they could reach Stalingrad (Moscow)

    At -34C (-29F) and below, Russians counter attack near Stalingrad (Moscow).
  • Japan bombs Pearl Harbor "Day of Infamy"

  • The United States declares war on Japan, entering in World War II

    Japanese troops land in the Philippines, French Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), and British Singapore
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    Nazi Germany and its Axis partners declare war on the United States.

  • Japanese marchs into the Philippine capital of Manila

  • German U-boats begin to sink American ships

  • Rommel's counter-offensive from El Agheila begins (another offencive in North Africa)

  • Allied forces land in western North Africa

  • First American forces arrive in Great Britain

  • Japanese forces occupy Manila, Indonesia, Malasya and Burma

  • Batle of Port Moresby

    Aerial battle fought between aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Army.
    This battle demostrated that United States was able to protect itself and controlled it´s own base aginst Japan attacks
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    Battle of the Coral Sea

    It was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia; to intercept a Japenesse strike. The Allies were able to syop Japan.
  • The British bomb Köln, bringing the war home to Germany for the first time

    Over the next three years Anglo-American bombing reduces urban Germany to rubble.
  • Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz

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    Battle of Midway

    Japan next targeted Midway Island, American military base.
    American forces hidden beyond the horizon, allowed the Japanese to begin their assault on the island. As the first Japanese planes got into the air, American planes swooped in to attack the Japanese fleet.
    This wa the first battle in with Japan was defeated.
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    Germany and her Axis partners launch a new offensive in the Soviet Union

    German troops fight their way into Stalingrad (Volgograd) on the Volga River by mid-September and penetrate deep into the Caucasus after securing the Crimean Peninsula
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    Guadalcanal Campaign

    Allied forces, predominantly American, landed on the islands of Guadalcanal (Japanese military base), Tulagi, and Florida in the southern Solomon Islands with the objective of denying their use by the Japanese to threaten the supply and communication routes between the US, Australia, and New Zealand.
    Japan made several attempts to retake the fields, but at the end United Stated won and stood with the territories.
  • The Germans head to Stalingrad, the battle of Stalingrad begins.

  • The 2nd battle of El Alamein (Egypt) in North Africa begins

  • British troops defeat the Germans and Italians at El Alamein in Egypt, sending the Axis forces in chaotic retreat across Libya to the eastern border of Tunisia.

  • British troops defeat the Germans and Italians at El Alamein in Egypt, sending the Axis forces in chaotic retreat across Libya to the eastern border of Tunisia.

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    Soviet troops counterattack German offences

    Soviet troops counterattack, breaking through the Hungarian and Romanian lines northwest and southwest of Stalingrad and trapping the German Sixth Army in the city. Forbidden by Hitler to retreat or try to break out of the Soviet ring, the survivors of the Sixth Army surrender
  • Australian and U.S. Army forces under MacArthur fight back the Japanese at Buna in New Guinea.

  • The Casablanca Conference

    U.S. President Roosevelt and Britain Prime minister Winston Churchill agree that Germany must surrender unconditionally. They also plan the Allied invasion of Sicily (Italy)
  • German troops at Stalingrad surrender to the Soviets

    A significant turning point in the war against Germany.
  • Waffen-SS attacks Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto

  • Axis forces in Tunisia surrender to the Allies, ending the North African campaign

  • The Germans launch a massive tank offensive near Kursk in the Soviet Union.

    It was Geman's last offensive
    The Soviets blunt the attack within a week and begin an offensive initiative of their own.
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    Operation Husky (Allied invasion of Sicily)

    It was a campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis Powers. It was a large scale naval and airborne operation, followed by six weeks of land combat.
    Strategically, Husky achieved the goals set out for it by Allied planners.
  • The Allies begin bombing Hamburg (Germany)

  • Benito Mussolini's fascist government is overthrown

    It enables Italian marshall Pietro Badoglio to form a new government
  • The Italian Campaing begins

    British troops land on Italy, beginning the Allied campaign in Italy. American troops do the same. This campaing lasted until the surrender of German forces in Italy in May 1945.
  • Italian surrender to Allies is announced

    The Badoglio government surrenders unconditionally to the Allies. The Germans immediately seize control of Rome and northern Italy, establishing a puppet Fascist regime under Mussolini, who is freed from imprisonment by German commandos on September 12 of 1945.
  • Germans occupy Rome and rescue Mussolini

    After Badoglio government surrenders unconditionally to the Allies. The Germans immediately seize control of Rome and northern Italy, establishing a puppet Fascist regime under Mussolini, who is freed from imprisonment by German commandos on September 12 of 1945.
  • Large British air raid on Berlin

  • Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin meet at Teheran