World War II

  • Benito Mussolini Becomes Dictator of Italy

    Benito Mussolini Becomes Dictator of Italy
    Mussolini was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922-1925. He then set up an official dictatorship which lasted until 1943.
  • Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor of Germany
    Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933. He then used his supporters in the Reichstag to obtain power.
  • Hitler Remilitarizes the Rhineland

    Hitler Remilitarizes the Rhineland
    Hitler denounced the Locarno Pact and began remilitarizing the Rhineland. Two years later, they attacked bordering nations and began to expand.
  • Germany Annexes Austria

    Germany Annexes Austria
    Germany's first act of true aggression was on March 12, 1938. This was when Germany occupied and annexed Austria.
  • Munich Pact is Signed

    Munich Pact is Signed
    The Munich Pact allowed Germany to annex the Sudetenland. This was land in western Czechoslovakia.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    Poland was to be divided and annexed by Germany and Russia according to the German-Soviet Pact of August 1939. Germany invaded on Spetember 1st and defeated the Polish military within weeks.
  • Germany Conquers France

    Germany Conquers France
    The Battle of France only took a month and ten days, with very little actual fighting. German armor easily overpowered the Maginot Line and pushed through the country.
  • The Battle of Britain

    The Battle of Britain
    Belligerents: UK, Canada
    Germany, Italy
    Location: British Airspace
    Casualties: UK: 1,262 aircrew killed
    422 wounded
    1,547 aircraft destroyed
    Germany: 2,698 aircrew killed
    967 captured
    638 missing
    1,887 aircraft destroyed Britain was victorious. This battle was significant because it showed that Germany could be stopped, even with the UK at a numbers disadvantage.
  • Axis Powers Form

    Axis Powers Form
    The Axis Powers formed on September 27, 1940. They consisted of Japan, Germany, and Italy.
  • Lend-Lease Act is Passed

    Lend-Lease Act is Passed
    The Lend-Lease Act was used to give military aid to Britain. It allowed the President to give military aid to any country that they believed would be necessary for the defense of the US.
  • Germany Invades Russia

    Germany Invades Russia
    On this day, Germany began Operation Barbarossa, the largest german military operation of WWII. Operation Barbarossa was the german invasion of the Soviet Union.
  • US Enters the War

    US Enters the War
    The US enters World War II in response to the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan. Within days, Germany and Italy declared war on the US in respone to the US entering the war.
  • The Attack on Pearl Harbor

    The Attack on Pearl Harbor
    Belligerents: USA
    Location: Pearl Harboro, Hawaii Territory, US
    Casualties: USA: 2 battleships totally lost
    2 battleships sunk and recovered
    4 battleships damaged
    2 other ships sunk
    3 cruisers damaged
    3 destroyers damaged
    3 other ships damaged
    188 aircraft destroyed
    159 aircraft damaged
    2,403 killed
    1,178 wounded
    Japan: 4 midget submarines sunk
    29 aircraft destroyed
    64 killed
    1 captured
    The Japanese were victorious. This is the battle that brought the US into WWII.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    Belligerents: US
    Japan Location: Midway Atoll Casualties: US: 307
    Japan: 3,057 The US was victorious, with this battle leading to Japan's defeat in the Pacific Theater.
  • Battle of Guadacanal

    Battle of Guadacanal
    Belligerents: US, Australia, New Zealand, UK
    Japan Location: Guadacanal in the Solomon Islands Casualties: Allies: 15,000
    Japan: 19,200 The Allies won a strategic victory, which lead to a strong start to the Allied campaign in the pacific.
  • The Battle of Stalingrad

    The Battle of Stalingrad
    Belligerents: Germany, Romania, Italy, Hungary, Croatia
    Location: Stalingrad, USSR
    Casualties: Axis: 850,000
    USSR: Over 1.1 million The USSR was victorious. The battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in WWII, as it showed the USSR's true grit, in that they would not give in to any type of siege, no matter the loss of life.
  • Operation Torch Begins

    Operation Torch Begins
    Operation Torch was the Aglo-American invasion of Vichy France colonies in Northwest Africa. Allies sought to remove Axis powers from the continent of Africa.
  • Tehran Conference is Held in Tehran

    Tehran Conference is Held in Tehran
    This was the meeting between Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill. They met in Tehran, Iran.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    Belligerents: United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourgish Resistance
    Germany Location: The Ardennes Casualties: Axis: 65,000-125,000
    Allies: 91,000 The Allies were victorious. This battle was significant, as it was Germany's final offensive maneuver of the war.
  • Yalta Conference is Held

    Yalta Conference is Held
    The Yalta Conference was held between Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was held to determine the post-war future of Europe.
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    Belligerents: US
    Japan Location: Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands Casualties: US: 28,000
    Japan: 18,500 The US was victorious, and this signaled the eventual defeat of Japan at the hands of the US.
  • Battle of Okinawa

    Battle of Okinawa
    Belligerents: US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia
    Japan Location: Okinawa, Japan Casualties: US: 75,000
    Japan: 100,000 The US was victorious, but this battle's civilian casualties signaled to the US that an invasion of the Japanese mainland was completely out of the question.
  • V-E Day Occurs

    V-E Day Occurs
    Victory in Europe Day was a holiday celebrated on May 8, 1945. It was a celebration of the Allies' acceptance of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender.
  • Atomic Bombs Dropped on Japan

    Atomic Bombs Dropped on Japan
    On August 6, Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima. On August 9, Fat man was dropped on Nagasaki. Surrender was announced six days later.
  • V-J Day Occurs

    V-J Day Occurs
    Victory over Japan Day was declared by FDR on September 2nd as a day of celebration. The celebration was for the surrender of Japan, held in Tokyo.
  • Taft-Hartley Act Passed

    Taft-Hartley Act Passed
    The Taft-Hartley Act, still in effect, is an act that limits the powers of labor unions. It was passed as an "anti-communism" measure.
  • Warsaw Pact is Signed

    Warsaw Pact is Signed
    The Warsaw Pact was a document stating the collective defense of the USSR and seven of its satellite states. This Pact helped lead to the Cold War, as it seemed to be a way to prepare for war.