Benito Mussolini Becomes Dictator of ItalyMussolini was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922-1925. He then set up an official dictatorship which lasted until 1943.
Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor of GermanyAdolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933. He then used his supporters in the Reichstag to obtain power.
Hitler Remilitarizes the RhinelandHitler denounced the Locarno Pact and began remilitarizing the Rhineland. Two years later, they attacked bordering nations and began to expand.
Germany Annexes AustriaGermany's first act of true aggression was on March 12, 1938. This was when Germany occupied and annexed Austria.
Munich Pact is SignedThe Munich Pact allowed Germany to annex the Sudetenland. This was land in western Czechoslovakia.
Germany Invades PolandPoland was to be divided and annexed by Germany and Russia according to the German-Soviet Pact of August 1939. Germany invaded on Spetember 1st and defeated the Polish military within weeks.
Germany Conquers FranceThe Battle of France only took a month and ten days, with very little actual fighting. German armor easily overpowered the Maginot Line and pushed through the country.
The Battle of BritainBelligerents: UK, Canada
Location: British Airspace
Casualties: UK: 1,262 aircrew killed
1,547 aircraft destroyed
Germany: 2,698 aircrew killed
1,887 aircraft destroyed Britain was victorious. This battle was significant because it showed that Germany could be stopped, even with the UK at a numbers disadvantage.
Axis Powers FormThe Axis Powers formed on September 27, 1940. They consisted of Japan, Germany, and Italy.
Lend-Lease Act is PassedThe Lend-Lease Act was used to give military aid to Britain. It allowed the President to give military aid to any country that they believed would be necessary for the defense of the US.
Germany Invades RussiaOn this day, Germany began Operation Barbarossa, the largest german military operation of WWII. Operation Barbarossa was the german invasion of the Soviet Union.
US Enters the WarThe US enters World War II in response to the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan. Within days, Germany and Italy declared war on the US in respone to the US entering the war.
The Attack on Pearl HarborBelligerents: USA
Location: Pearl Harboro, Hawaii Territory, US
Casualties: USA: 2 battleships totally lost
2 battleships sunk and recovered
4 battleships damaged
2 other ships sunk
3 cruisers damaged
3 destroyers damaged
3 other ships damaged
188 aircraft destroyed
159 aircraft damaged
Japan: 4 midget submarines sunk
29 aircraft destroyed
The Japanese were victorious. This is the battle that brought the US into WWII.
Battle of MidwayBelligerents: US
Japan Location: Midway Atoll Casualties: US: 307
Japan: 3,057 The US was victorious, with this battle leading to Japan's defeat in the Pacific Theater.
Battle of GuadacanalBelligerents: US, Australia, New Zealand, UK
Japan Location: Guadacanal in the Solomon Islands Casualties: Allies: 15,000
Japan: 19,200 The Allies won a strategic victory, which lead to a strong start to the Allied campaign in the pacific.
The Battle of StalingradBelligerents: Germany, Romania, Italy, Hungary, Croatia
Location: Stalingrad, USSR
Casualties: Axis: 850,000
USSR: Over 1.1 million The USSR was victorious. The battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point in WWII, as it showed the USSR's true grit, in that they would not give in to any type of siege, no matter the loss of life.
Operation Torch BeginsOperation Torch was the Aglo-American invasion of Vichy France colonies in Northwest Africa. Allies sought to remove Axis powers from the continent of Africa.
Tehran Conference is Held in TehranThis was the meeting between Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill. They met in Tehran, Iran.
Battle of the BulgeBelligerents: United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourgish Resistance
Germany Location: The Ardennes Casualties: Axis: 65,000-125,000
Allies: 91,000 The Allies were victorious. This battle was significant, as it was Germany's final offensive maneuver of the war.
Yalta Conference is HeldThe Yalta Conference was held between Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was held to determine the post-war future of Europe.
Battle of Iwo JimaBelligerents: US
Japan Location: Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands Casualties: US: 28,000
Japan: 18,500 The US was victorious, and this signaled the eventual defeat of Japan at the hands of the US.
Battle of OkinawaBelligerents: US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia
Japan Location: Okinawa, Japan Casualties: US: 75,000
Japan: 100,000 The US was victorious, but this battle's civilian casualties signaled to the US that an invasion of the Japanese mainland was completely out of the question.
V-E Day OccursVictory in Europe Day was a holiday celebrated on May 8, 1945. It was a celebration of the Allies' acceptance of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender.
Atomic Bombs Dropped on JapanOn August 6, Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima. On August 9, Fat man was dropped on Nagasaki. Surrender was announced six days later.
V-J Day OccursVictory over Japan Day was declared by FDR on September 2nd as a day of celebration. The celebration was for the surrender of Japan, held in Tokyo.
Taft-Hartley Act PassedThe Taft-Hartley Act, still in effect, is an act that limits the powers of labor unions. It was passed as an "anti-communism" measure.
Warsaw Pact is SignedThe Warsaw Pact was a document stating the collective defense of the USSR and seven of its satellite states. This Pact helped lead to the Cold War, as it seemed to be a way to prepare for war.