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History of WW2 and Canadas Involvement

  • Adolf Hitler is appointed as Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler is appointed as Chancellor of Germany
    On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed as the chancellor of Germany by President Paul Von Hindenburg. however, it would have disastrous results for all of Europe.
  • President of Germany, Paul von Hindenburg dies

    President of Germany, Paul von Hindenburg dies
    Hitler takes advantage of had and agreed with the Cabinet that upon Hindenburg's death the offices of President and Chancellor would be combined. Having already ensured the support of the Army, Hitler went a step further by making the whole of the armed forces swear an oath of loyalty to him personally.
  • USA signs Neutrality Act

    USA signs Neutrality Act
    President Roosvelt signed the Neutraltiy Act, this prevented the US from becoming more deeply involved in European affairs. Such as, U.S. ships were prohibited from transporting any passengers or articles to belligerents, and U.S. citizens were forbidden from traveling on ships of belligerent nations.
  • Mussolini invades Ethiopia

    Mussolini invades Ethiopia
    A border incident between Ethiopia and an Italian ruled Somalia in December gave Benito Mussolini an excuse to intervene. Rejecting all arbitration offers, the Italians invaded Ethiopia on October 3, 1935.
  • Japan defeats China

    Japan defeats China
    Japanese forces defeat the Chinese resistance, and they take control of Northern China
  • Roosvelt limits ships to Asia

    Roosvelt limits ships to Asia
    President Franklin Roosevelt bans ships that are carrying weapons, from travelling to China and Japan.
  • Japan accidentally attacks the USA

    Japan accidentally attacks the USA
    A Japanese Bomber attacks an American war boat that was stationed in the Yangtze River in China, causing tension between the US and Japan to grow
  • Hitler shows support for Japan

    Hitler shows support for Japan
    Adolf Hitler the Fuhrer of Germany announce his support of Japan in their campaign against China
  • Italy joins Germany

    Italy joins Germany
    Italian prime minister Benito Mussolini, declared an alliance with Germany and promised to fight alongside Germany, should a war occur.
  • Hitler promises peace

    Hitler promises peace
    Leaders of France and Great Britain meet with Adolf Hitler, to discuss Germany's demands granting, Hitler Sudetenland and in return Hitler promised he would leave the rest of Czechslovakia alone.
  • Assasination of German Diplomat

    Assasination of German Diplomat
    Ernst vom Rath was assasinated in Paris in the German embassy, by a jewish protester.
  • Kristallnacht

    As retaliation to the assasination of Ernst vom Rath. The Germans make the Jews leave Germany and a riot ensues, a total of 500 Jewish businesses are looted, 191 synagogues are set afire, nearly 100 Jews are killed, and tens of thousands are sent to concentration camps.
  • Germany invades Czechslovakia

    Germany invades Czechslovakia
    Hitler breaks his previous promise of leaving Czechslovakia alone, and he invades and conquers it.
  • Germany attacks Poland

    Germany attacks Poland
    Germany conquers Poland
  • Britain and France declare war

    Britain and France declare war
    Britain and France declare war on Germany
  • Canada declares war

    Canada declares war
    Canada declares war on Germany
  • Canada begins training

    Canada begins training
    The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan created by an agreement between Canada, Britain, Australia, and New Zealand, called for Canada to train these countries’ air crews.
  • Hitler conquers ore countries

    Hitler conquers ore countries
    The German forces conquer Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg
  • France surrenders

    France surrenders
    France surrenders to Germany and signs an armistice. Great Britain is the only country in Europe that stands against the Axis powers.
  • Canada engages the Germans

    Canada engages the Germans
    303 Squadron RAF and 1 Squadron RCAF attacked the first wave of enemy bombers of the Luftwaffe's last major daylight attack of Britain
  • Japan joins the Axis

    Japan joins the Axis
    Responding to the embargoes imposed by the United States, Japan joins the German-Italian alliance
  • Canada declares war on Japan

    Canada declares war on Japan
    Japan declares war on Canada. Canada declares war on all German occupied countries
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union

    Germany invades the Soviet Union
    Germany invades the Soviet Union violating the Nonaggression Pact.
  • Canada defends Hong Kong

    Canada defends Hong Kong
    Contingent of 1,975 Canadians soldiers from the Winnipeg Grenadiers and Royal Rifles of Canada are sent to Hong Kong to help garrison the British colony.
  • Hong Kong, Canadian soldiers failed to defend

    Hong Kong, Canadian soldiers failed to defend
    After seventeen and a half days of fighting, the defence of Hong Kong was over. On Christmas Day, General Maltby advised the Governor that further resistance was futile. The allies surrendered.
  • The Battle of Dieppe

    The Battle of Dieppe
    5,000 Canadian, 1,000 British and 50 Americans participate in raid on Dieppe, France. Canadians took 3,367 casualties including 907 killed. It was ultimately a loss for the allies.
  • First Allied offense

    First Allied offense
    In the first major Allied offensive, Allied armies attack Germany's Africa Korps on the Mediterranean chasing forces back toward Libya
  • Russia retaliates to the German invaders

    Russia retaliates to the German invaders
    The Russian Army traps and captures German armies that had invaded the Soviet Union
  • Italy surrenders

    Italy surrenders
    The Italian government officially surrenders to the Allied forces, however German forces occupy much of Italy.
  • The Allies preparation

    The Allies preparation
    In England, the Allied powers assemble 2.9 million men, 2.5 million tons of supplies, 11,000 airplanes, and hundreds of ships in preparation for D-Day
  • D-Day Normandy

    D-Day Normandy
    14,000 Canadians land on Normandy beaches apart of 'Operation Neptune.' 1,000 Canadian casualties
  • D-DAY

    The first of nearly 3 million Allied soldiers arrive in Normandy, on the northern shores of France
  • Canada hold off German attacks on Juno Beach

    Canada hold off German attacks on Juno Beach
    From June 8th to June 12th Canadian forces repel German counter-attacks and hold the Normandy beach head
  • Canadians capture Caen

    Canadians capture Caen
    Canadians capture Caen in Northwestern France. It was a decisive allied victory
  • Canda send in reinforcements

    Canda send in reinforcements
    After heavy losses in front-line infantry units serving in Northwest Europe and Italy, 16,000 new Canadian troops are sent overseas to Europe.
  • Canada sends troops to Britain

    13,000 of the 16,000 Canadian soldiers proceeded to Britain, but only a few thousand entered combat in Europe before the war ended
  • The Yalta conference

    The Yalta conference
    The Allied powers meet in Yalta to negotiate Soviet dominance in Eastern Europe. The Yalta Conference would result in the break up of Germany, and the prosecution of war criminals
  • Mussolini's death

    Mussolini's death
    Italian insurgents capture Mussolini, murder him, desecrate his corpse.
  • Hitler's death

    Hitler's death
    Adolf Hitler commits suicide in Berlin
  • Germany surrenders

    Germany surrenders
    The German army surrenders
  • German defeat

    German defeat
    German forces on the British and Canadian front surrender
  • Official German surrender

    Official German surrender
    The Germans formally surrender in Europe, known as Victory-in-Europe
  • Allies request Japan to surrender

    Allies request Japan to surrender
    Allied leaders meet in Potsdam, Germany to send an ultimatum to Japan. Japanese military leaders ruling the government issue no surrender
  • Hiroshima

    The United States drops an atomic bomb—the first to be used in warfare—on Hiroshima, killing 75,000 people instantly, and injuring more than 100,000
  • Nagasaki

    A second atomic bomb is dropped in Nagasaki.
  • Tokyo asks for peace

    Tokyo asks for peace
    Tokyo asks for peace on the condition that Emperor Hirohito will retain his throne. The Allies accept
  • World War 2 ends

    World War 2 ends
    A formal surrender ceremony is conducted in Tokyo Bay on the U.S. battleship Missouri. World War II officially ends