Germany was suffering after the first World War. The value of the German "Mark" plummetted. Germany was in huge debt.
Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf. Included autobiography as well as his political views regarding radical foreign policy and antisemetic views.
Hitler Apointed Chancellor
The absence of an effective government in germany led to Hitler being appointed Chancellor of Germany in 1933, which was the offical birth of the Nazi Party/Regime.
Creation of Concentration Camps
After Hitler took office and the Nazis came to power, concentration camps were set up all throughout Germany. The camps were for opponents of the Nazi party.
Over 500,000 Jews fled Nazi Germany and Poland to Allied countries including the US and Britain.
The genocide of Jewish people (as well as many other minorities), carried out by Nazi Germany.
Facist Italy and Nazi Germany Unite
Facist Italy and Nazi Germany sign Treaty of Cooperation; call themselves the Rome-Berlin Axis.
Japan Invades China
Japan enters the War by invading China, which is the beginning of World War II in the Pacific.
Kristallnacht or "Night of Broken Glass" was the night in which Nazi German civilians smashed hundreds of Jewish shop windows. 91 Jews were killed in the attack, and over 30,000 were arrested and put into Concentration Camps.
Women's Role During War
Women were allowed to work in factories for the first time in England and in the US. They created weapons and ammunition as well as other supplies for their respectie militaries.
The Einsatsgruppen was a mobile killing squad and was created by Adolf Hitler to kill Jews as part of his Final Solution. Hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered by the Einsatzgruppen.
Nazi Germany Invasion of Poland
Nazi Germany invades Poland which marked the beginning of World War II.
France and England to Poland's Defence
France and England declare war on Nazi Germany.
Warsaw, Poland surrenders to Nazi Germany invasion, and retreats to Romania. The Soviet Union and Germany divide up Polish territory.
German-Soviet Russia Treaty
After invading Poland together, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a Treaty and became Allies.
Germany Invades France
German Tanks invade France from the East, and advance all the way to the coast. Adolf Hitler himself walked through the streets of Paris, right under the Arc de Triumph.
Rossevelt issed draft in June of 1940, any any male over the age of 18 had to register. Frist Amrican draft ever.
Italy Enters War
Italy enters the war by invading southern France under the command of Mussolini.
Battle of Britain
The Battle of Britain was a famous air-battle in the UK's airspace. England won and destroyed over 1500 enemy aircraft as well as over 2,000 enemy soldiers.
40,000 English civilians were killed during the Blitz bombings of London. Nazi Germany was attempting to force Britain to surrender through these bombings. They were unsuccessful as Britain continued to fight in the War.
Nazi Germany, Facist Italy, and Japan sign treaty officially creating the Axis Powers.
Election of 1940
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat) ran against Wendell Wilkie (Republican). Roosevelt won with 449 electoral votes.
Nazi Germany Invades Soviet Union
Failing to come to agreement with the Soviet Union, Hitler ordered an attack against them. Romania also joined the attack.
the Soviet Union launch a counterattack in Moscow, attempting to push back the German invasion. They were successful as the Germans retreated frantically.
Attacks on Pearl Harbor
Japan's Navy attacked the US's Navy in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack was to prevent the US from interring with Japan's invasions in the Pacific.
America Enters World War II
The United States declares War on Japan immdiately following the Pearl Harbor attacks.
Axis Powers Declare War on United States
The Axis Powers declare war on the United States, shortly after the US declared war on Japan.
Removal of Japanese-Americans
After the bombings of Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt issued an order that gave military personel permission to remove indivudals or groups from certain areas. Over 120,000 Japanese-Americans were forced from their homes.
British Bombing of Cologne
England levels Germany in massive bombings for over 3 years. the bombings began on May 30, 1942. This was the first time Germany saw war in its own country.
Battle of Midway
Major naval battle between the US and Japan. The US won a decisive victory and sunk 4 Japanese Aircraft carriers and killed over 3,000 Japanes soldiers.
Battle of Stalingrad
The battle of Stalingrad was a major battle fought by the Soviet Union and Nazi Germnay to gain control over the city of Stalingrad. The Soviet Union won, and forced German forces to retreat from much of their European terotorries.
American scientists discovered and created the first atomic bomb in a project known as the Manhatten Project.
The Facist Government of Italy exiles Mussolini allowing Pietro Badoglio to form new government.
The new Badoglio Italian government surrenders the the Allied forces. The Germans sieze control over Rome and release Mussolini from imprisonment.
Liberation of Rome
Allied forces liberate Rome, Italy from Mussolin's control.
Allied forces storm the beaches of Normandy, France and begin the attack against Nazi Germany Occupied Europe.
G.I. Bill of Rights
US Government passed the G.I. Bill of Rights which gave financial aid to returning veterans.
US Lands in Phillipine
The US troops stations troops in the Phillipines in order to prevent Japan from "island-hop."
Battle of Leyte Gulf
The Battle of Leyte Gulf was the largest naval battle in the War and was over the control of the Phillipines. The US won and gained control of many islands.
The Battle of The Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge was a masive German suprise attack on the Allied forces in Western Europe. The attack was the bloodiest day for the US as 20,000 US soldiers were killed even though the Allies won.
Liberation of Warsaw
The Soviets liberate Warsaw, Poland and push Germans completely out of Hungary.
Battle of Iwo Jima
US armed forces raided the island of Iwo Jima in a decisive battle that led to the deaths of over 21,000 Japanese soldiers. The Marines raised the US flag to claim the island on a mountain.
Battle of Okinawa
The Battle of Okinawa was the largest battle in the Pacific. Japan lost over 100,000 soldiers (killed or captured), and the Allied forces lost over 60,000 soldiers (killed or captured).
Battle of Berlin
The Soviet Union invaded Berlin and was met by a final stand of Nazi soldiers during this intence battler. Nazi Germany fell to the Soviet Union on May 2, 1945 which ended the War in Europe.
Death of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler killed himself by gunshot during the Battle of Berlin. His wife, Ava Braun committed suicde with him by ingesting cyanide.
Surrendering of Germany
Germany surrenders to the Allied forces May 7, 1954, and then surrenders to the Soviets on May 9, 1945.
Atomic Bombing of Heroshima, Japan
The United States used the first nuclear powered weapon against Japan in the bombing of Heroshima, killing over 100,000 people.
Soviet Union Declares War on Japan
Following the first atomic bombing, the Soviets declare war on Japan as well. They invade Japanese-occupied China.
Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, Japan
The United States bombed Nagasaki Japan, after Japan failed to surrender after the bombing of Heroshima. Over 70,000 people were killed.
Surrendering of Japan
Japan surrenders to the Allied forces after wittnessing the two atomic bombings to its own country. This brings World War II to an end.