WWI :)

  • Causes of WWI

    Imperalism - Extending economic and political control over weaker nations
    Nationalism - devotiong to the interest and culture of one nation
    Militarism - Deveolpment of armed forces and their use as tools of diplomacy
    Alliance System - Formal agreement or union between two nations
  • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

    videoFranz Ferinand was a heir to the Austrian Throne. A terrorist group called The Black Hand wanted to kill him, and it would be Gavrilo Princip who would come up to Ferinands car and shoot first Franz's wife who was pregnant in the stomach and then Franz in the neck. He killed them because the bosnians wanted independence from the Austro-Hungrian empire.
  • Allies v Central Powers

    The allies were called Triple Entente, because there were three allies. The three allies would then be France, Great Britain, and Russia. The USA was not considered one yet since they would join in later during the war. The Central Powers would then be Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire, and they were the bad guys.
  • New Weapons in the War

    videoOne new weapon would be tanks. Tanks would be useful in no mans land in the trenches. If you went into no mans land alone, you would probably get shot down by the machine guns. The only time that you couldn't use a tank would be if it was raining and the tank would have a chance of getting stuck in the mud. Another new weapon would be obersavtion balloons, which were like a blimp, and they would give you a better view of the enemies that you didn't have before. One more new weapon would be all
  • New Weapons in the War

    of the posion and gases and masks that would be mad. You could use the gases to kill your enemies and make them suffer. But then masks were made so that you wouldn't die from the gas. One of the most common kinds of gas was mustard gas, which was yellow. After a couple days you would start to get blisters everywhere over your body even in your nose and throat which could cause you to suffocate. It was first used in August, 1914, when the French used tear gas in the Germans.
  • British Blockade

    The British Blockade was to stop all ships that were carrying any type of war supplies to German. War supplies would be anything that would help the war, like any type of food, ammo, and clothing. 750,000 Germans would starve because of this. After they set this up, the German responded by making U-Boats, which were submarines. They would then go underwater and attack ships that were going to help the Allies in the war.
  • Fighting Begins

    The first battle would be called the battle of Liege. It would take place in Belgium. The Germans entered a neutral part of Belgium so that they could attack France from the North. This would be the start of the Schlieffen Plan. The Germans attacked during the night of August 5th and the battle would go on until August 16th, which is when the Germans won the forts.
  • Trench Warfare

    videowebsiteTrench warfare was horrible. The conditions were horrible with everyone having to cut their hair extremly short to stop lice, even though the lice would still get into their clothes. Many people would get trench foot, which was from standing in water so much that their feet would swell to 2-3 times the normal size and they would start to basically decompose. A lot of people would have to have them amputated. Trench foot would eventually become elimated in 1915 when people found out that if you
  • Trench Warfare 2

    can keep your feet dry and changing you socks a lot, that that would stop and keep them from getting trench foot. Then there were the rats who would be everywhere and be climbing over you. They would even sometimes get into your food.
  • Women's Roles

    websiteSince all the men had left to go fight in the war, many women had to do the chores that they already do plus the ones that the men use to do. With their normal jobs like cooks, teachers, nurses, and selling bonds, they also had to do the labor that the men usually did, like being railroad workers, dockworkers, miners, and bricklayers. Then all of this would lead to the 19th Amendment.
  • Lusitania

    websiteThe Lusitania was though to be unsinkable, so it ignored the Germans threats on how they will sink if it they think it is carring supplies that will help the Allies. On Friday, May 7th, the Lusitania on its way to Liverpool when they got a message that said they should go to Queenstown immediately instead. Then the U-boats wanted them to go that way and so then they were in their line of fire, so the U-boats shot the Lusitania and it hit itwhich then cause another explosion. The ship then sank
  • Lusitania

    within 20 minutes. The attack had killed 1,201 people and there were only 764 survivors. This attack is one of the biggest occasion with submarine warfare in World War 1.
  • Great Migration

    The Great Migration was a movement of 100,000's of African Americans to the Northern cities to work in industries since we needed more war supplies and other men had left to go fight in the war
  • Election of 1916

    websiteThe election of 1916 was Woodrow Wilson against Charles Hughes. Wilson would win in because he went with the slogan "He kept us out of the war." Americans didn't want to go to war so they wanted Wilson to win, as he did.
  • Zimmerman Note

    videowebsiteThe Zimmerman note was a note but a German secretary of State, Arthur Zimmerman who said the the Germans were going to delcare war on the USA and that they wanted Mexico and Japan to join them. If Mexico joined them, then the Germans said that Mexico would regain the land that they had lost to the United States.
  • American Joins the Fight

    websiteOne of the most important issues was unrestricted submarine warfare and how the German U-boats would attack our boats. Then Americans were dying and it kept happeneing over and over so then we started to get mad. The Zimmerman note also had to do with it since German tried to get Mexcio and Japan against us. Then we went to war to join the Allies on April 6, 1917.
  • CPI

    The CPI stands for Committee on Public Information, and it is biased communication designed to influence peoples thoughts and actions, like through cartoons, posters, and speakers. The head of the CPI would be George Creel. When they tried to make the Germans look bad, then people thought that the German immigrants that came to America would also be bad, so many Germans then lost their jobs and would stop speaking German.
  • Selective Service Act

    The Selective Service Act was also know as the draft. It is when the U.S. President as the power to draft soldiers into the army. 24 Million people would sign up for this, but only 3 million would be drafted. There were also some ways that you could get out of it. If you were a governor or anyone higher up, you couldn't be drafted, or if you were a priest, farmer, or shipyard worker, since we needed people like that in the United States to help with the war.
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts

    The Espionage Act said that anyone who interferred with the recruiting of troops or published anything about the information dealing with national defence, and sometimes if you didn't perform your usual military duties, that they would have a $10,000 fine and would have to serve 20 years in prision. The Sedition Act extended the Espionage Act and said that anyone who made false statements that intefered with the prosecution of the war, anyone who insulted the flag, government, the Constitution
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts 2

    of the military, anyone who fought against the production of war materials, or teaching of these acts would have the same punishment as the Espionage Act. Those were set up to stop people from making others seem that the war was the worst thing in the world since our government needed people to fight in the war.
  • WIB

    websiteThe WIB stands for War Industries Board, which was an organization that tried to encourage companies to make more war products so that it would help the war, but they had to be made in bulk and they had to reach the standards. The leader at first was Frank Scott, but then the same year was replaced by Daniel Willard, who was also then replaced in January of 1918 by Bernard Baruch. After the WIB was created, there was a 20% increase in production of war products.
  • 14 Points

    websiteThe 14 points are written by Woodrow Wilson and they are basically saying that Wilson does not want the governments to mess up the peace of the world. Through his 14 points, he thought that everyone could have peace.
  • Armistice

    Armistice is when you basically call a war over. The Germans and the Allies ended on the on November 11th, 1918. There was more than one armistice however, since some countries quit in September and October since they couldn't lose any more soldiers. Woodrow Wilson was the first one to delcare that November 11th should be Armistice Day, to remember the veterans of World War One. It would eventally be changed to Veterans Day in 1954 so that it was to remeber all soldiers, not just WWI soldiers.
  • Big 4

    websiteThe big four were the leaders who met at the Paris Peace Conference after World War I had ended. They were our President Woodrow Wilson from the United States, Prime Minister David Lloyd George from Britain, Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau from France, and Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando from Italy. All the Allies were all at the conference, but it would be those four who made the decisions.
  • Schenck v United States

    The purpose of this case is if the First Amendment is violated when Congress makes a law that punishes a protest in wartime. Chales Schenck violated this since he was very against the war and mailed thousands of phmaplets to drafted soldiers saying that the government had no right to send them to other countries to kill people. The Supreme Court decision said that his speech was not protected by the First Amendment and was sent to jail for violating the Espionage Act.
  • Treaty of Versaillies

    It was the treaty that officially ended World War I. The treaty established nine new nations and changed the boundaries of other nations. It also banned Germany from having an army and required Germany to pay $33 billion to the Allies in war damages. The treaty forced Germany to admit that they started World War I, when others had too. The treaty also lead to problems that would start World War II. Germany lost a
  • Treaty of Versailles 2

    lot of land that would be given to other nations. The League of Nations was created because of this and all the land that was taken from Russia had to be given back. Their army could only have 100,000 men, could only have 6 battleships and no submarines, and they couldn't have any air force.
  • Map

    Before World War I, Europe had a lot of big countries, like Austria-Hungry, but after the war, they lost a lot. New nations after the war would be Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Stria, Lebanon, Palestine, Trans-Jordan, and Iraq. Russia lost a lot of land in the war and wouldn't get a lot of it back, since those would end up being new countries. All of these were decided by the Treaty of Versailles.
  • League of Nations

    The League of Nations was made to make sure that war would never break out again. It was made by Woodrow Wilson, even though America would refuse to join it. The last point in the 14 points created League of Nations.
  • Final Statistics

    videowebsiteThere were a lot of deaths in World War I. The Allies lost 5.7 million soldiers with 12.8 million soldiers injured and 3.67 million civilans killed. It cost them about $125,690,477,000. The United States had 126,000 killed 264,000 injured, and it cost us about $22,625,253,000. The Central Powers lost 4.02 million solders with 8.42 million soldiers wounded and 5.2 million civilands killed. It cost them about $60,643,160,000.