World War I

  • Period: to

    Franco-Prussian War

    The war between France and Prussia (became the Ottoman Empire) leaving France in defeat.Led to creation of a powerful German Empire with a military and industrial potential to further disrupt the European balance of power on the one hand and widespread resentment and desire for revenge among the French (revanchism) on the other.
  • Accession of Wilhelm II to the German Throne

    New German Emperor dismissed the skillful Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor. He also refused to renew the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia that maintained the fragile peace between Russia and Austria-Hungary as well as keeping France isolated. Wilhelm II helped create an alliance between France and Russia (formed in 1892) that became the basis for the future Triple Entente.
  • Period: to

    Russo-Japanese War

    The outcome of the war against the Japanese was a major blow for the Russians who lost almost entire Baltic and Pacific fleet. The defeat provoked a serious political crisis that led to the Russian Revolution of 1905. But the Russo-Japanese War also made an end to the Russian ambitions in the Far East and as a result, the Tsarist government focused its attention to Europe, in the first place to the Balkans. This intensified the old rivalry with Austria-Hungary that also had a great interest