World War I

  • Archduke Francis Ferdinand Assassinated

    Archduke Francis Ferdinand Assassinated
    On June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Unity of Death or the Black Hand. This was a secret military society that included members of the Serbian Army in the Kingdom of Serbia and was formed on September 6, 1901. The Archduke was nephew and heir of the aging Austrian emperor, Francis Joseph. Many Serbians were angered by his visit to their country; resulting in the assassination of Franz Ferdi
  • Austria Declares War on Serbia

    Austria Declares War on Serbia
    As a result of the assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Austria, with the support of Germany, send an ultimatum to Serbia. Within this document, some of the demands were to -avoid war and end all anti-Austrian agitations -punish any Serbian official linked to the murder plot
    • and to let Austria join in the investigation of the murder
    Although Serbia agreed to some of the terms, it was impossible for them to end all anti- Austrian agitations, resulting in the declaration of wa
  • Germany Invades Belgium

    Germany Invades Belgium
    Soon following the addition of other European countries to the Great War, Germany went against existing treaties and took over Belgium on August 3, 1914. This was part of their strategy to take over France from behind and then turn their attention back to Russia. This was also known as the Schlieffen Plan. After this event occurred, the United Kingdom became very angry and declared war on Germany the next day; August 4, 1914.
  • British and French Troops push back at the Marne River

    British and French Troops push back at the Marne River
    The 1st battle on the Marne River lasted 6 days. The German's troops were making good progress, but the British and French armies soon caught on. The French Army leader surprised the Germans with a sneak attack. The Germans were forced to retreat.
  • Ottoman Empire Joins the Central Powers

    Ottoman Empire Joins the Central Powers
    On the 28th of October in 1914, the Ottoman Empire formally joined World War I during/after they bombed Russian sea ports. War was declared on them on November 4th. The Ottoman Empire was motivated to join the war because of many foreign factors.
  • Lusitania Sinks

    Lusitania Sinks
    In May of 1915, the Germans torpeoded the British boat called the Lusitania. 1,200 people were killed including 128 Americans. The sinking of this boat triggered many actions from Germany and the other nations involved.
  • United States declare war on Germany

    United States declare war on Germany
    The USA entered WW1 on April 6th 1917. They fought alongside Britian, France and Russia overseas. The US originally wanted to remain neutral, but ended up having over 2 million men fighting for them. An event leading to the US ending it's neutrality was the sinking of the Lusitiana, a ship carrying over 128 Americans, all of whom were killed.
  • World Flu Pandemic

    World Flu Pandemic
    In 1918, Influenza spread around the world killing 20 million people. This total was more than the total killed in the War.
  • Russia Removes from the War

    Russia Removes from the War
    V.I. Lenin came to power saying that he would take Russia out of the war. Once they signed a treaty with Germany and they were removed, Germany was able to focus all of their attention to the Western front.
  • World War Ended

    World War Ended
    After many years of stalemate and long range combat, the Great War finally came to an end on November 11, 1918 at 11 am. The Central Powers lost and both empires toppled after uprisings of the civilians came soon after. Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire asked for peace and the countries as a whole sought an armistice or agreement to end fighting. This lead to the Paris Peace Conference in France.