World Timeline

Timeline created by Owen Herdrick
In History
  • 330

    Constantine transfers from the Roman Empire to Byzantium

  • Period:
    330
    to
    1453

    The Byzantine era

  • 347

    Saint Jerome is born in Italy

    Saint Jerome, is known most commonly for his Latin translation of the Bible, called the Vulgate. He also worked as secretary to the pope, and started his career as a priest.
  • 349

    Ambrose, bishop of Milan, brings hymns to the west

  • 354

    Augustine is born in Algeria

    Augustine was a philosopher in the fourth century, taking much inspiration from Plotinus, as he was one of the main spreaders of neoplatonism, and mended said philosophy with Christian doctrine.
  • 379

    Theodosius' reign begins

    The final emperor to rule over both halves of the Roman empire, Theodosius spent most of his career trying to defend against barbarians and keep the grand empire's title safe.
  • 380

    Theodosius makes Christianity the state religion

  • 395

    Theodosius' reign ends

  • 420

    Saint Jerome dies of natural causes near Bethlehem

  • 430

    Augustine dies of illness in Algeria

  • 450

    Middle Ages begin

    Taking place after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Middle Ages was also known as the Medieval Period; it was known for the occurrence of the Black Death, the publishing of the Magna Carta, and all the notorious pieces of Medieval life like castles, peasants, kings, and knights.
  • 500

    Constantinople is the largest city in the world

  • 540

    Plagues occur

  • 590

    Pope Gregory the first's reign begins

    Pope Gregory had an incredibly large reach in his work, converted many Anglo-Saxons to Christianity and spreading God's word far and wide.
  • 604

    Pope Gregory the first's reign ends

  • 726

    Icons are banned

    Icons were banned due to the belief that worshiping art had become more worship of the object itself rather than what the art represents. Thus, when they were band there was much rage and haste in their removal from Churches, leading to small scale conflict.
  • 800

    Estimated: Beowulf is written

    An Old English classic, and one of the most important pieces of literature ever written, Beowulf is an iconic hero story. With a massive and epic scope and several large scale conflicts, Beowulf is revered by all.
  • 800

    Charlamagne crowned emperor

    In his reign he ruled most of Europe, uniting its western and central segments. He was the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and spread Christianity with much success.
  • 843

    Icons are brought back

  • Period:
    1000
    to
    1150

    Romanesque style

    Known for its semi-circular arches, massive scope, and thick walls, the Romanesque style was a turning point in architecture and remains influential to this day.
  • 1066

    The Norman Conquest

    The Norman Conquest was a turning point in Europe's history, leading to one of the biggest monarchies in human history, and helping remove the Scandinavian influence from common culture.
  • 1140

    Building of the Basilica of Saint Denis finished

  • Period:
    1150
    to
    1250

    Gothic style

    The Gothic architectural style built upon and exaggerated that of the Romanesque style; it featured massive windows, even taller arches, and expanded vaulting, and swapped out the thick walls of Romanesque in favor of thinner walls.
  • 1162

    Genghis Khan is born in Mongolia

    Estimated to have killed 10% of the world's population during his reign, Genghis Khan is seen as the greatest invader of all time. A ruthless and brutal leader, he founded the Mongol empire which would go on to become the second largest in history.
  • 1175

    Berlinghiero is born in Italy

    Employing a late Romanesque style, Berlinghiero, whose real name is unknown, was an avid user of the Christian symbolism and religious imagery. His most famous piece, Madonna and Child, featured an intensely unrealistic style with almost alien looking subjects.
  • 1204

    Constantinople is sacked

  • 1215

    Magna Carta is published

    Quite possibly the most important document in the history of politics, the Magna Carta established the ideals that everyone is subject to accountability, both for the good and the bad, and a fair trial.
  • 1225

    Thomas Aquinas is born in Italy

    Thomas Aquinas was a philosopher, theologian, priest, and Doctor of the Church, and creator of the Thomistic school of theology; he was an incredibly innovative and forward-thinking figure of the Middle ages.
  • 1227

    Genghis Khan dies from unknown reasons in China

  • 1230

    Madonna and Child is painted

    Painted by Berlinghiero Berlinghieri, Madonna and Child entailed a distinctly unrealistic style, tempera paint on wood, and crushed up gold scattered within the painting. The piece features Mary and baby Jesus as its subjects.
  • 1236

    Berlinghiero dies from unknown reasons in Italy

  • 1252

    Marco Polo is born in Italy

    Up there with Christopher Columbus for most iconic explorer of all time, Marco Polo traveled from Europe to China, where he then lived for nearly two decades and wrote a novel documenting his treks.
  • 1265

    Dante is born Italy

    Author of one of the most infamous pieces of literature in human history with The Divine Comedy, Dante was otherwise an incredibly well-known and theologically dense writer.
  • 1267

    Giotto is born in Italy

    Both a painter and architect, Giotto was an early influence on the Renaissance which would come a century later. Also called father of the European Paintings, the influence of Giotto is undeniable.
  • 1274

    Thomas Aquinas dies

  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance era

    Notable events were the insurgence of humanism, the return to more classic ideals but retaining of a new style, and the overall shift of God leaving the spotlight and man taking His place.
  • 1302

    Dante is exiled

    Dante was convicted of corruption in political office and faced 2 years in exile as well as a hefty fine which he refused to pay on account of his innocence. Due to this he was sentenced to death for refusal to pay.
  • 1304

    Petrarch is born in Italy

    Possibly the most important figure in the Renaissance altogether, Petrarch was instrumental in the founding of Renaissance humanism and thus all the art that came after it.
  • 1313

    Boccaccio is born in Italy

    Creator of The Decameron which was then adapted by William Shakespeare in the play All's Well That Ends Well. Boccaccio was an influential writer in the movement.
  • 1321

    Dante dies of malaria in Italy

  • 1324

    Marco Polo dies of consumption

  • 1337

    Giotto dies of unknown causes in Italy

  • 1340

    Plagues reoccur

  • 1374

    Petrarch dies of a stroke in Italy

  • 1375

    Boccaccio dies of heart failure in Italy

  • 1377

    Brunelleschi is born in Italy

    Filipo is now seen as the original sole engineer, planner, and supervisor, and is credited with founding Renaissance architecture. His designs and ideas led the movement.
  • 1386

    Donatello is born in Italy

    Not only one of the greatest sculptors of all time, but one of the most influential as well, helping popularize the art form in the first place. His worked spanned from sculpting humans, animals, and much more to helping create a massive bronze door in Florence.
  • 1401

    Massacio "Father of Renaissance paintings" is born in Italy

  • 1415

    Prince Henry the Navigator's expedition to Africa

  • 1428

    Masaccio dies, supposedly poisoned by a rival painter

  • 1429

    Joan of Arc lead the French Royal Army in battle

    The most notable female warrior in human history, Joan of Arc was a valiant leader for France and successfully destroyed England's attempt at conquering them.
  • 1432

    Adoration of the Lamb is completed

    Also known as the Ghent Altarpiece, it is a masterpiece with multiple folding panels and a massive scale. It features a crowd of people praising a symbolic lamb up on a stage with a cross to its back.
  • 1439

    Printing press is invented

    Invented during Gutenberg's exile from Germany and his stint in France, the printing press completely flipped the accessibility and quantity of books on its head. Without it our recorded history would be fragments of what it is today.
  • 1446

    Brunellesechi dies from unknown causes in Italy

  • 1450

    Josquin des Prez is born in Belgium

    A French composer of the Renaissance, Josquin utilized and popularized a polyphonic vocal style. His melodies are known for being especially beautiful.
  • 1450

    Gutenberg's printing of the Bible

    One of the original printed books, Gutenberg's edition of the bible was also known as the 42 line bible because each page had two columns of 42 lines each.
  • 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci is born in Italy

    The prime example of a Renaissance man, Leonardo is an entirely respectable pick as smartest human to ever walk the earth. He nearly mastered sculpting, engineering, painting, architecture, writing, and much more. The Mona Lisa is also possibly the most iconic piece of art in any medium.
  • 1453

    Constantinople falls

    The product of a 53 long day siege, the fall of Constantinople was orchestrated by the Ottomans and remains one of the most notorious falls of any empire in history.
  • 1466

    Donatello dies of diseases in Italy

  • 1471

    Durer is born in Germany

    Durer utilized a unique style of metal engraving transferred with ink to paper, and it created such masterpieces as Saint Jerome in his Study and Melancolia.
  • 1473

    Nicolaus Copernicus is born in Poland

    An astronomer and mathematician that was truly ahead of his time, Copernicus was doubted and belittled his entire life. He correctly believed the Sun was at the center of our solar system, not the Earth, but the Catholic Church vehemently disagreed and consequently made his life terrible to get back at him.
  • 1475

    Michelangelo is born in Italy

    A man with full reign over the medium of sculpting, Michelangelo is in a league of his own. Able to do the relatively unheard of feat of sculpting entirely out of one piece of marble, he created infamous masterpieces like Pieta and David.
  • 1483

    Martin Luther is born in Germany

    One of the biggest players in the Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther was a man of many titles, trying his hand in composing, theology, working as a priest, and a stint as a monk.
  • 1483

    Raphael is born in Italy

    Raphael is known best for his works in the Vatican, but he also made paintings on his own and is an incredibly iconic figure of the Renaissance movement.
  • 1498

    Pieta is finished

    Pieta is an intensely captivating masterpiece of a sculpture made from a single block of marble, and displays Mary holding Jesus at his final moments, completely weak and laying in her arms as though he was a kid again.
  • 1500

    Middle Ages end

  • 1504

    Michelangelo's David is finished

  • 1509

    John Calvin is born in France

    John Calvin, founder of the Calvinism ideology, was a big believer in complete sovereignty of God and predestination, and popularized both these beliefs. He worked as a theologian as well as pastor.
  • 1514

    Saint Jerome in His Study is created

    Saint Jerome in his study features many unique aspects, such as a tiger, a dog, a human skull, and more all inside the titular study. Most unique of all, however, was the medium itself. The painting isn't even a painting at all, as it is a metal engraving transferred to ink and paper.
  • 1519

    Leonardo da Vinci dies of a stroke in France

  • 1520

    Raphael dies of a fever in Italy

  • 1521

    Josquin des Prez dies of unkown causes in France

  • 1528

    Durer dies of malaria in Germany

  • 1543

    Nicolaus Copernicus dies of a stroke in Poland

  • 1546

    Martin Luther dies of a stroke in Germany

  • 1564

    John Calvin dies of tuberculosis in Switzerland

  • 1564

    Michaelangelo dies from an illness in Italy

  • 1564

    Galileo Galilei is born in Italy

    Galileo is known best for finishing what Copernicus started. He helped prove once and for all that the Sun was at the center of our solar system. Despite this, the Catholic Church did not take well to Galilei either and he spent much of his life on house arrest, where he died.
  • 1571

    Johannes Kepler is born in Germany

    Kepler was the creator of the laws of planetary motion, and writer of the Astronomia nova among others. He played an integral role in the 17th century scientific revolution and forever changed the field of science.
  • Period: to

    The Baroque era

    The Baroque era saw the Reformation take place, as well as the popularity of composers Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, and painters Rembrandt and Vermeer among many others.
  • Johannes Kepler dies of acute disease in Germany

  • Galileo Galilei dies of a fever in Italy

  • Bach is born in Germany

    Sebastian created a whopping 1100 pieces in his lifetime. He is very clearly one of the most iconic and important figures in all of music, creating masterpieces such as the Goldberg Variation.
  • Handel is born in Germany

    One of the more overlooked of the greatest composers of all time, Handel proved himself in a league with Bach and Mozart, creating the most famous oratorios of all time, Messiah.
  • Haydn is born in Austria

  • Bach dies of a stroke in Germany

  • Mozart is born Austria

    A prodigy from a young age, Mozart was a prolific composer in genres such as opera and classical, and symphony. One of the most iconic and important musical figures of all time.
  • Handel dies of unknown causes in England

  • Beethoven is born in Germany

  • Mozart dies, supposedly of a fever, in Austria

  • The Louisiana Purchase occurs

    The Louisiana Purchase was a transaction between Thomas Jefferson and Napoleon, representing the U.S and France respectively. France sold the state of Louisiana to the U.S for 15 million dollars.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    The expedition had many goals, some of which were sovereignty in the United States, beginning active trade with the natives, and find waterways connected to the Pacific.
  • Haydn dies of infirmity in Austria

  • The Camera is invented

  • Beethoven dies of cirrhosis of the liver in Austria

  • Brahms is born in Germany

    A Composer in the Romantic period, Brahms was an ultra-traditionalist, sticking by the ways of composers before him in an era where everyone else was straying from the norm.
  • The Telegraph is invented

    Created by Samuel Morse, the telegraph was a revolutionary invention in the field of long distance communication. It started a string of inventions that lead to many inventions used hourly by the entire planet.
  • Brahms dies of hepatocellular carcinoma in Austria