Approximately 25 million people died from the Bubonic Plague, which was about half of the population. Because of lack of medical information at the time, nobody had a clue on how to stop it. It was spread by infected fleas and/ or rats.
Jan 1, 1350
The Renaissance directly translates to "rebirth," It started around 1350 and went to about 1600. This was also a reformation of all kinds of culture.
Jan 1, 1400
A cultural movement in the Renaissance that turned medieval scholasticism away. In exchange, brought back interest in ancient Greek and Roman thought. It occurred around 1400- 1650.
Jan 1, 1428
Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orléans
The Siege of Orléans (which last from 1428 to 1429) marked a turning point in the Hundred Years' War between France and England. This was Joan of Arc's first major military victory. It was also the first major French success to follow the defeat at Agincourt in 1415.
Jan 1, 1440
Gutenberg Creates the Printing Press
Johannes Gutenberg created the printing press in 1440. When Gutenberg created the printing press, it made communication much easier, all over Europe. He based it off of the current "screw press."
Jan 1, 1466
Desiderius Erasmus (known as Erasmus) was a Dutch Renaissance humanist, social critic, Catholic priest,teacher, and theologian. He was born October 28, 1466 and died at age 69 on July 12, 1536.
Jan 1, 1469
Lorenzo de Medici
He ruled Florence with his younger brother, Giuliano, from 1469 until Giuliano was assasinated in 1478. He was was the sole ruler of Florence from 1478 to 1492.
Jan 1, 1483
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, (who went by Raphael) was an architect and painter in the high Renaissance. He was born on either March 28, 1483 or April 6, 1483. He died in 1520, making him only 37 when he died.
Jan 1, 1485
The Flying Machine is Invented
Leonardo Da Vinci designed a few different mechanical flying devices and parachute- type flying apparatus He also studied the flight of birds as well as their build. After his research he drew detailed plans for a human-powered ornithopter (a wing-flapping device intended for humans to fly).
Jan 1, 1486
Botticelli paints The Birth of Venus
The Birth of Venus was a painting by Botticelli, completed in 1486. It had inspiration from the Venus de Medici, a marble piece that Botticelli.
Jan 1, 1492
Christopher Columbus "Discovers" the Americas
In 1492, Columbus supposedly discovered the Americas. I personally do not this "fact" because the vikings came before them. And even before that, the natives? Regardless, he wanted to prove to his people that the world was not flat, which of course was correct.
Jan 1, 1495
Da Vinci paints Da Vinci paints The Last Supper
The Last Summer was painted by Da Vinci and completed in 1495. It was painted directly on a wall in Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, and in order to paint it he used an oil/ tempera blend on dry wall.
Jan 1, 1503
Da Vinci paints The Mona Lisa
The Mona Lisa was painted by Da Vinci in 1503. It is said to be of either his friend's wife, Da Vinci's mother Caterina, Princess Isabella of Naples, but historians aren't quite sure. It was painted with oil paint.
Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel from 1508- 1512. He used gold and plaster. Fun Fact: He actually didn't want to paint the Sistine Chapel.
Jan 1, 1514
Thomas More's Utopia
His book, ( originally written in Latin,) is a frame narrative primarily describing a fictional island society and its customs. A 'Utopia' is pretty much a perfect society or world. This book is more or less about a perfect place.
Jan 1, 1517
Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Church of Wittenberg
Martin Luther wanted to take a stand. A change. So he nailed his list of his 95 theses on the door of the Church of Wittenberg.
Jan 1, 1517
This was a period in the 16th century (1517- 1548) where the Roman- Catholic Church was attempted at being reformed. Instead, they wound up with establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
Jan 1, 1564
William Shakespeare is Born
William Shakespeare was a poet and playwright towards the end of the Renaissance. He wrote many popular plays, such as Hamlet, Macbeth, and Othello. His play were also from many different genres.
The Renaissance Ends
Although they did not know it at the time, a very important time was ending. The Renaissance had lots of cultures to be carried out after the Renaissance. It ended around 1600.