Invention of the Mechanical Clock (Inventions)The first Mechanical clock was made by I-Hsing in 723AD. He called it the "Water Driven Spherical Birds Eye-View Map of the Heavens" The clocks then eventually found their way to Europe in the 13th century. The clocks depended a lot on an individual constantly monitoring the mechanism day and night. Clocks were much harder to keep up and take care of back then. Also many clocks in the renaissance, did not tick in seconds but rather just chime on each hour.
Period: 1300 to
Education in the Renaissance (Daily Life/Culture of the Renaissance)School taught reading, writing, and math all centered around religion. They also studied history, philosophy, and poetry. PE was seen as vital. It was taught through dancing, wrestling, hunting, etc. Only middle-upperclass boys were allowed. Rarely was a poor boy there. As they got older the goal was to apprentice and learn a trade. Education was to complete a citizen. Only select women had the chance. The reason for women was to learn to be a wife.
Life During the Renaissance.ppt: slide 9+10
Papal Schism (The Catholic Church (Pre-Reformation))In 1301, the king tried to tax the french clergy. When the pope heard of this, he threatened to excommunicate and arrested him for this. The next pope, Clement V, moved the papacy to Avignon France. This disrupted power. People thought the french kings now had unfair power in the church. The next 6 popes stayed here. It wasn't until 1377 that Pope Gregory moved it back to Rome. French clergy were upset by this and elected a 3rd pope.
Martin Luther & the Protestant Reformation Ppt: Slide 9 & 10
Dante (Italy): The Divine Comedy (Literary Works)Dante of Italy wrote "The Divine Comedy". He began writing it in 1308 and the poem was finally complete in 1320. In the poem, Dante wrote about the soul's journey to salvation. He takes the reader through an imaginary journey describing depictions of Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven (The wanted paradise). You can still buy this poem today.
Artistic Movements of the Renaissance ppt: Slide 8
Chaucer (England): The Canterbury Tales (Literary Works)Chaucer of England wrote The Canterbury Tales starting in 1387 and continued until 1400. This 17,000+ line story is a collection of stories from 29 pilgrims going to the tomb of St. Thomas Beckett in Canterbury, England. St. Thomas Beckett was murdered by the followers of King Henry II after an argument over the power of the church.
Artistic Movements of the Renaissance ppt: slide 9
The Book of the City of Ladies was Released (Literary Works)Christine de Pizan of France wrote "The Book of the City of Ladies".
It is perhaps her most famous literary work and was finished in 1405. At this time it was unheard of for women to be successful and intelligent. It was always the men on top. They were the most powerful. In her book, Christine argued that women could and would be just as successful as men If they were given the same educational opportunities. This book was widely spread.
Artistic Movements of the Renaissance ppt: Slide 10
Creation of the Oil Paints (Inventions)The Oil Paints were created in 1410 by Jan van Eyck. They replaced many of the other mediums typically used in art in the Renaissance. This paint was more colorful and more versatile. The oil paints allowed artists to create a more natural painting. They could blend and layer the colors to make it seem more realistic. This is what art in the Renaissance was all about. People loved to see this.
Period: 1434 to
The Medici Family Rules Florence and Patrons to Artists (Patrons of the Arts)The Medici family was said to be one of the most powerful and wealthy families in all of Europe. They started and owned the Medici bank and gained tons of wealth from that. With their wealth the Medici's patroned to many artists including; Michelangelo. With the help of the Medici's Michelangelo designed the Medici Chapel, tombs for the family of Leo X, and painted the Last
Judgment in the Sistine Chapel.
Creation of the Printing Press (Inventions)The printing press was invented in 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg. This was a convenient invention. It modernized writing and made it easier for people to publish their works. It was important during the Renaissance for a variety of reasons. It helped Martin Luther to be able to spread his ideas quickly. Luther's followers copied off his works and spread them. Millions of people eventually sided with Luther.
https://www.smore.com/xgk80 and Martin Luther: The Protestant Reformation Ppt: Slide 16
Period: Apr 15, 1452 to May 2, 1519
Leonardo Da Vinci (Renaissance Art/Artists)Leonardo Da Vinci, "Master of realistic painting", was a painter, architect, inventor, and successful science student. Many call Da Vinci a "Renaissance Man". Although, Da Vinci is widely known for paintings such as the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, he was also a self-educated genius. He has tons of notebooks filled with observations and experiments he did through the years. http://www.history.com/topics/leonardo-da-vinci and Artistic Movements of the Renaissance ppt: Slide 19
Period: Mar 6, 1475 to Feb 18, 1564
Michelangelo (Renaissance Art/Artists)Michelangelo was one of the most popular artists during the Renaissance and arguably of all time. He was a painter, sculptor, and architect. Throughout his work he demonstrated physiological insights, realism, and intensity that no artist had used before. Some of his mos famous works include; the Sistine Chapel ceiling (in 1512), The Last Judgement (in 1541), Pietá (Michelangelo) (in 1499), the Creation of Adam, and the sculpture of David (in 1504).
Martin Luther is Born and Problems in the Church Arise (Martin Luther & the Protestant Reformation)In 1483 Martin Luther is born in Wittenburg Germany. After surviving a powerful storm he gives up law school and vows to be a monk. At this time, the Church is having problems with corruption and political power. The church raises money through simony and the selling of indulgences. This corruption lead to a whirlwind of more problems. Not only did they have this issue, but also popes and kings were fighting over power with each other.
Martin Luther & the Protestant Reformation Ppt: Slides 3-8
Period: 1483 to Apr 6, 1520
Raphael (Renaissance Art/Artists)Raphael’s art is known for sweetness and clarity of form, serenity, harmony, perfection and visual brilliance. Raphael, like Michelangelo, worked off of commissions from Patrons. He was a very important artist in the Renaissance period. It is said that because their work ethics were so similar, Michelangelo and Raphael actually had a feud. They fought and competed for work. Some of his most famous works include, Arnolfini Portrait and the Annunciation.
Period: 1502 to 1513
Pope Julius II Patrons Artists (Patron of the Arts)Pope Julius II's goal during papacy was to "build a new Christian Rome on the same scale as the monumental ancient city". He was determined to bring new light back to Rome. To do this he became patron to artists for their work. His artists did project such as the decoration of the Vatican Stanze, St.Peter's Basilica extension, painting tapestries for the Sistine Chapel, a tomb for himself, and the painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
The Creation of Adam is Completed (Renaissance Art/Artists)This painting done by Michelangelo on the Sistine Chapel ceiling is the most famous fresco panel of the masterpiece. It is the 2nd most famous work of art behind the Mona Lisa and alongside the Last Supper. The Creation of Adam is the most replicated religious painting of all time. The image of the near-touching hands of God and Adam has become iconic of humanity and has been imitated and recreated countless times.
The Mona Lisa was "Completed" (Renaissance Art/Artists)The Mona Lisa is the most popular painting from the renaissance. Leonardo Da Vinci began painting her about 1503 and she wasn't "complete" until 1517 when he stopped painting her. It is said that the Mona Lisa was never truly completed though. The goal was to show an image of perfection through Mona Lisa. There are three previous layers beneath the Mona Lisa all her in different poses. Today the Mona Lisa would be worth $759 million. http://www.softschools.com/facts/history/mona_lisa_facts/2140/
The Catholic Church before the Reformation (The Catholic Church (Pre-Reformation))Before 1517, when Martin Luther nailed the 95 thesis to the door of the cathedral, there was one holy church, the catholic church. (Now known as the roman catholic church). There was no split religions. The church and religion was also the center of most people's lives. Everyone was concerned with the question of how do I get to heaven. At this time there was only one answer. Through the 7 sacraments of the Roman Catholics.
Introduction to the Protestant Reformation: Setting the Stage Ed Puzzle
Getting the Money to Rebuild St. Peter's Basilica. (he Catholic Church (Pre-Reformation))Pope Leo X was intent on rebuilding the church of St. Peters. The plans that were made of how this was going to be rebuilt were very ambitious and elaborate. The problem was this building was extremely expensive to construct and the church did not have the money to afford this. So what did they do? The church started selling indulgences. They were not a problem alone, it was when people like Tetzel that misinterpreted them.
Introduction to the Protestant Reformation: Setting the Stage Ed Puzzle
The Church vs Martin Luther (Martin Luther & the Protestant Reformation)Luther did not approve of the corruption in the church. He set out to begin discussion within the church about true salvation. To do this, he nailed 95 theses to the cathedral door for all to see. The theses got around fast. Pope Leo X was furious. He demanded that Luther recant 41 of the 95. When Luther refused to recant anything he said, he was excommunicated from the church. Luther had many followers and organized a new domination.
Martin Luther & the Protestant Reformation Ppt: Slide 12-14
Lutheranism is Created (Martin Luther & The Protestant Reformation)About 1525, after Martin was excommunicated from the Church, many of followers came together and started a new domination
Martin Luther & The Protestant Reformation Ppt: Slide 16-18
Invention of the Heliocentric Solar System (Scientific Discoveries)The Heliocentric Solar System was put together by Nicolaus Copernicus. Before this model of our solar system, everyone believed the Geocentric Model. The Geocentric Model showed that the earth was the center of the universe with everything revolving around it. Copernicus showed this to be incorrect. His idea was that everything, including planet earth, revolved around the sun. This is what he made in his model. This has since been the model.
The Creation of the Scientific Method (Scientific Discoveries)The scientific method first originated in Europe in the early 1600's. Galileo is credited for its creation. He also used this method throughout the renaissance to prove many of this theories. The scientific method is a research method for scientists. The method has 6 steps; make an observation, form a question, form a hypothesis, experiment, analyze the data, form conclusion. https://www.smore.com/bt875
Galileo Galilei publishes "The Starry Messenger" (Scientific Discoveries)In his book, Galileo told his discoveries of 4 of Jupiter’s moons, the roughness of the Moon’s surface, stars invisible to the naked eye, and the differences between planets and stars. He showed observations on Venus's phases, and their tides. The theory was that tides were caused by the sloshing back and forth of water at a point on Earth’s surface which sped up at certain times due to the Earth’s rotation