5. leonardo

The Timeline of the Renaissance by Ping Ping Kitsiriboon Y8D

  • Period: Jan 17, 1300 to

    The Renaissance Era (1300-1650) Part 1

    Part 1:
    The word ‘Renaissance’ comes from the meaning “Rebirth” which refers to the reincarnation of long lost knowledge that was discovered previously by the Greeks and Romans. Greek and Roman philosophers discovered ideas that would renovate the world if taken into action. Sadly, the two empires fell while their scrolls containing valuable knowledge were taken into control by Muslim clerics which then were translated into their own language. As population in the medieval times did not receive
  • Period: Jan 17, 1300 to

    The Renaissance Era (1300-1650) - Part 2

    Part 2:
    the sufficient education, they were unable to decipher the information in the scrolls. As time grew by, there were fewer wars and people became wealthier therefore receiving the education they had always needed. The first knowledge distributed was the printing press by … Gutenberg which mass produced the bible for people to see. Soon enough, people started to clearly understand the world they lived in, the environment and architecture creating inspirational artists for the world today.
  • Dec 6, 1300

    Dante’s Inferno detour with the hell(Part 1/3)

    Dante’s Inferno detour with the hell(Part 1/3)
    Dante was an Italian poet who is widely hailed as one of the greatest classics. He has written the masterpiece poem the “Divine Comedy” for the Christian church. The Inferno is basically the detour of hell, describing its nine stages which become more violent as the stages increase. The inferno is a story for people at the end of the rope (of their lives). Caption: Dante, the mountain of purgatory and the city of Florence displays.
  • Dec 6, 1300

    Dante’s Inferno detour with the hell (Part 2/3)

    Dante’s Inferno detour with the hell (Part 2/3)
    Dante’s journey is led by another famous poet Virgil and he meets various famous people for example Cleopatra, Brutus, Judas, Furies and Homer.
    The reason I have chosen this event is because this specific time of the renaissance helped people straighten their minds about acting the right or wrong. This prevented the population from acting bad deeds and instead, returns to acting the way the natural life of goodness is.
    Caption:Detail of a manuscript in Milan's Biblioteca Trivulziana
  • Dec 6, 1300

    Dante’s Inferno detour with the hell (Part 3/3)

    Dante’s Inferno detour with the hell (Part 3/3)
    This can be implicated into real life by focusing on the ingenuity to the world rather than stealing and karma.
    The justification of my opinion toward the inferno is that Dante is considered the most famous poet in Italy. In modern times, he is still famous that he has a statue of himself in Verona, Italy. His tomb is kept in Revenna and his cenotaphs are kept in Florence.
    Caption:The Divine Comedy by Alighieri Dante's poetic masterpiece
  • Dec 18, 1352

    First Artistic Depiction of Eyeglasses (Part 1/3)

    First Artistic Depiction of Eyeglasses (Part 1/3)
    In the year 1300, Venetian glassmakers in a guild designed eyeglasses for better sighting with glass lenses rather than expensive crystals. Although the exact creator is unknown, the estimated guess is made in the year 1352 with the painter Tommaso de Modena in the Chapter House of the Seminario which is located in Venice. The image shows the possible inventor of glasses and the way that glasses were originally worn. They used to be rivets attached to the nose of the wearer.
  • Dec 18, 1352

    First Artistic Depiction of Eyeglasses (Part 2/3)

    First Artistic Depiction of Eyeglasses (Part 2/3)
    The evolution was from crystal lenses, making trade to other parts of the world, the little guild evolving The reason why I have chosen this particular sample is that its importance is immense. The aim for glasses is to improve human distorted vision back to normal and the benefit of those whom are not able to vision properly. This invention also branched out into various items such as the magnifying glass, microscope, telescope or anything that implies on glass to improve or manipulate vision.
  • Dec 18, 1352

    First Artistic Depiction of Eyeglasses (Part 3/3)

    	First Artistic Depiction of Eyeglasses (Part 3/3)
    The example of the eyeglass being important is that its evolution has brought a whole new world to people around the globe as well as its rapid improvement over the years. Before, Eyeglasses only used to be available to the rich, but since books became the norm, so did the glasses. The inventors only had to enhance the material and quality.

    Caption:The first depiction of spectacles a portrait of Cardinal Hugo of Provence at his writing desk.
  • Dec 18, 1400

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press) Part1/4

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press) Part1/4
    Before the printing press was ever introduced to the world, people merely used scrolls to communicate information. The scrolls could be easily damaged and the costs of creating them were high. When they are used for reading, it was uneasy to comprehend the long texts that were unorganized. Johan Gutenberg was the one to accelerate the spreading of Renaissance culture as invent the printing press- the old way of printing books and documents.
  • Dec 18, 1400

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press) Part2/4

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press) Part2/4
    This enabled the copying of a single document making students receive the information without inserting their own writing which was not always 100% correct. He first printed the Gutenberg bibles which were expensive but soon the price was relieved by the evolution of the printing press to be the printer.
  • Dec 18, 1400

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press) Part3/4

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press) Part3/4
    The reason I have decided to add this event is mainly because of its significance to the population of the world and how the world rolls nowadays. Without the printer, we would not be able to print copies of a same document for peers and students and communicate information electronically through paper. In the renaissance times, Gutenberg relieved the pain of copying hundreds of copies of the scribes.
  • Dec 18, 1400

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press)Part4/4

    The father of modern-day literature (the printing press)Part4/4
    The factors that opened my mind to the Gutenberg bible are the growing economy and prosperity.Gutenberg has shown mastery over economy and has saved the occupation of many to copy the information multiple times. He also managed to gain a humanistic education give the copies of learning to students.Although he was not successful in his lifetime, the printing press did spread in technology and news, books began to travel overseas.This fed the growing renaissance and facilitated scientific prints.
  • Nov 11, 1485

    Flying Machines- Famous Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci (Part 1/3)

    Flying Machines- Famous Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci (Part 1/3)
    From youth, Leonardo da Vinci was considered a genius from his inquisitive behavior and the creative mind of the Italian Renaissance, hugely influential as an artist and sculptor but also talented in the fields of science and inventor. He has written ideas of flying machines in his notebooks and they were extracted for advanced flying and mechanisms. His aviation compassion was beyond immense and his inquisitiveness to soar through the skies just like birds.
  • Nov 11, 1485

    Flying Machines- Famous Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci (part 2/3)

    Flying Machines- Famous Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci (part 2/3)
    The invention that Leonardo did manage to perfect was the parachute that influenced the modern world. The reason I am fascinated with Leonardo is his constant ingenuity to create his enormous projects and just draw them all out in a notebook. Although some of the ideas are still in conspiracy, his ideas presented to the world normal when he thought about it hundreds of years ago.
  • Nov 11, 1485

    Flying Machines- Famous Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci(Part 3/3)

    Flying Machines- Famous Inventions of Leonardo da Vinci(Part 3/3)
    With the assistance of the Wright brothers’ technology centuries later, Leonardo’s idea became reality which means that his ideas still survives till the modern day. The ornithopter idea proved to have appealed to almost all researchers.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    The discoverer of America (Part1/3)

    The discoverer of America (Part1/3)
    Although the Nordic Vikings discovered America before Columbus’s expedition, Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer with the agreement with the Spanish monarchies to sail to India in order to carry spices back to the country. His expedition existed of 3 boats: The Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. He had 4 expeditions and was the first one to create a connection between indigenous Americans and Europeans.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    The discoverer of America (Part2/3)

    The discoverer of America (Part2/3)
    The reason that I have chosen the ingenuity of travelling history is the way that his mind of solving world difficulties with his two hands is incredible even if it still means that he copied the Vikings. He both discovered new land and increased the connection between continents which is an enormous feat for the renaissance.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    The discoverer of America (Part3/3)

    The discoverer of America (Part3/3)
    The facts that made my justify this example is that Columbus is celebrated so much that a day is named after his landing in America. It is on the 12th of October in both Spain and America making it an overseas festival.
  • Dec 1, 1500

    The history of the flush toilet (Part 1/3)

    The history of the flush toilet (Part 1/3)
    Although there was a clear visible invention of the flush toilet by Queen Elizabeth’s godson, the imminent single who produced the flush toilet was actually Sir John Harrington. The first invention in 1500 was only a prototype to the real product but in 1596 Sir J.H.’s idea ripped the world more than the previous. Basically, the flush toilet is a system of pressure and gravity pushing on so that the feces proceeds down to the plumbing.
    Caption:In 1596, the first flushing toilet was invente
  • Dec 1, 1500

    The history of the flush toilet (Part 2/3)

    The history of the flush toilet (Part 2/3)
    As toilets are one of the most important aspects of hygiene and human health, I have chosen the flushing toilet since it innovated the thinking of people having to walk kilometers to a canal and pooping. Instead, they could use these simple flushing systems that are more hygiene and more clean to the environment.
    Caption: Sir John Harrington was invented and built a flush toilet.
  • Dec 1, 1500

    The history of the flush toilet (Part 3/3)

    The history of the flush toilet (Part 3/3)
    By improving the flushing toilet into many other bathroom systems, the world has utilized Sir John Harrington’s idea into real action. This is an act of respect to move an idea forward and that solves the problem of walking miles to a klong or pooping on the street which is unhygienic.
  • Feb 4, 1513

    The Prince- Niccolo Machiavelli (Part1/3)

    The Prince- Niccolo Machiavelli (Part1/3)
    Niccolo Machiavelli that wrote the famous political book named “The Prince”. Machiavelli was a politician, a philosopher and was jailed for writing this book. He was the one who worked on Italian law philosophy and developed a rule which is ‘the end justifies the means’ that means that metaphorically cutting off legs and arms to keep the core body. This rule has worked for dictatorship countries and all great leaders normally would utilize this rule.
    Caption: Niccolo's the Prince
  • Feb 4, 1513

    The Prince- Niccolo Machiavelli (Part 2/3)

    The Prince- Niccolo Machiavelli (Part 2/3)
    The main reason why I have chosen this resource of history to be one of the most important aspects of the renaissance because it paved the way for the modern-day politics to take over and control the system. His rules are not the most loving but they are efficient. A leader must be ruled with fear.
    Caption:The Prince. Classics Special Student Edition
  • Feb 4, 1513

    The Prince- Niccolo Machiavelli (Part 3/3)

    The Prince- Niccolo Machiavelli (Part 3/3)
    According to Machiavelli, the people are supported by the great which is an unstable situation, which must be avoided after the initial coming to power. The power to win is up to the circumstances. No a biased opinion is most ideal in politics and that is a rule that must be used in all countries to be better in terms of infrastructure.
    Caption:Machiavelli Principe Cover page
  • May 25, 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan: World Explorer (Part 1/3)

    Ferdinand Magellan: World Explorer (Part 1/3)
    Although he did not make it back alive, Ferdinand Magellan led an expedition around the globe to prove that the world was not flat. He sailed with 5 ships, the Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria and Santiago. Later, the Santiago was the only ship that survived the expedition. The expedition was approximately 60, 440 km and they faced air turbulence, water turbulence, storms, rains and natural approaches.
    Caption:Ferdinana Magellan 1519-1522
  • May 25, 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan: World Explorer (Part 2/3)

    Ferdinand Magellan: World Explorer (Part 2/3)
    They all persevered to the end and some managed to finish the fight. Ferdinand Magellan is an example of perseverance and dignity to act how you would want to. His skill could be used in real life as the way to success is normally to keep walking on and on no matter what obstacles face and try to trip you. If you fall, get back up and keep trying until you meet your very true end.
    Caption:Magellan's Victoria, the sole ship
  • May 25, 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan: World Explorer (Part 3/3)

    Ferdinand Magellan: World Explorer (Part 3/3)
    In order to justify my answer, Magellan’s undetermined mind helped him to circumnavigate around the globe with his crew. He was also using leadership skills which are important in taking care of tens of hundreds of crew members.
    Caption:Magellan cuts through the southern tip of South America connecting the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean
  • Mar 5, 1569

    Mercator- World Map (Part 1/3)

    Mercator- World Map (Part 1/3)
    Throughout history, A person from part of Flanders Mercator is remembered for the creation of his “Mercator projection” of the world. He was famous since most navigators relied on maps to guide them through lands and terrains. Mercator’s map was very simple- a line drawn on the map with the name “straight path” Caption:Mercator Gerardus 1512-1594
  • Mar 5, 1569

    Mercator- World Map ( Part 2/3)

    Mercator- World Map ( Part 2/3)
    His ingenuity and view of the world fascinated me into placing him in the timeline. His abilities to create maps are immense and it seems that he has a good perception of the world around us. He has also showed collaboration skills by working with his colleagues to maps and globes.
    Caption: Earth Globus signed from Mercator and dates with 1541 in Urbania
  • Mar 5, 1569

    Mercator- World Map (Part 3/3)

    Mercator- World Map (Part 3/3)
    Mercator devised a technique to devise maps and globes while in the meantime create his very own perception of the world. The reason that I have favored him is from above. His work has presented exhibits and the Mercator museum in Belgium. Caption: Mercator Gerardus Bank Note
  • The Great warrior King Naresuan of Ayutthaya Kingdom (Part 1/3)

    The Great warrior King Naresuan of Ayutthaya Kingdom (Part 1/3)
    Previously 400 years ago, there was a wealthy nation of Siam and its Capital Ayutthaya that was just founded. The Burmese wanted the land of Siam and had various conquests. Ayutthaya lost and won up to the circumstances and whoever is king in the era. Fortunately, when Burma attacked Siam heavily, Ayutthaya had one of their mightiest kings every to walk the face of the earth: King Naresuan.
    Caption:King Naresuan Monument
  • The Great warrior King Naresuan of Ayutthaya Kingdom(Part 2/3)

    The Great warrior King Naresuan of Ayutthaya Kingdom(Part 2/3)
    He helped Siam fight the Burmese and gained the freedom of Thailand back from Burmese grasps. King Naresuan is a very important figure in freedom and human rights since he was the one that made Thailand free and out of others’ grasps. He also enhanced trade with the Europeans such as the Portuguese in order to gain rations and resources.
    Caption:Battle of King Naresuan and Minchit Sra at Nong Sarai Suphan Buri mural Wat Suwandararam Ayutthaya
  • The Great warrior King Naresuan of Ayutthaya Kingdom(Part3/3)

    The Great warrior King Naresuan of Ayutthaya Kingdom(Part3/3)
    In 1593, King Naresuan invaded what is now modern-day Cambodia. He fought to protect invading forces coming into Thailand as well as making great trades in the country inside. He was a great king of Ayutthaya kingdom who dared to face challenges for freedom.
    Caption:King Naresuan Declaring Independence of Siam
  • A Galileo Thermometer (Part1/3)

    A Galileo Thermometer (Part1/3)
    Galileo was not just a great astronomer. He also excels in other aspects of science for instance biology. A Galileo thermometer would measure the temperature of something using a system called a rudimentary water thermo scope. This was a container filled with bulbs of varying mass and each with a temperature marking. The temperature is found when a bulb is dropped this invention created the convenience for hospitality to measure temperatures more easily than others.
    Caption: Galileo Galilei
  • A Galileo Thermometer(Part2/3)

    A Galileo Thermometer(Part2/3)
    Since we needed to know what temperature would be for sicknesses, a thermometer would be a compulsory idea in which it measures the temperature of the body. Although modern-day thermometers were more mobile and safe, Galileo used his ingenuity to solve life problems of not being able to measure temperature.
    Caption: Galilean thermoscope. Reproduction of the Institute and Museum for the History of Science of Florence.
  • A Galileo Thermometer(Part3/3)

    A Galileo Thermometer(Part3/3)
    Galileo’s thermometer spread around the globe and various people follow his lead and develop the thermometer further. For example Anders Celcius invented the mobile thermometer therefore providing mobile transport of temperature.
    Caption:Galileo Thermometer Design
  • Submerging underwater made possible with Cornelis Drebbel(Part1/2)

    Submerging underwater made possible with Cornelis Drebbel(Part1/2)
    Cornelis Drebbel, a French inventor engineered a submarine that would take people underwater. The engineering of the submarine was nearly a replica of a real long boat but instead, had a cover over the top to prevent water from entering the interiors of the boat. The submarine carried 16 people, 12 of which were oarsmen. The first prototype only reached 4-5 metres deep, it was still a giant feat for mankind. Caption:Cornelius Drebbel first Submarine
  • Submerging underwater made possible with Cornelis Drebbel(Part2/2)

    Submerging underwater made possible with Cornelis Drebbel(Part2/2)
    The reason I have chosen this is the importance made us reach new animal species. The discovery of the submarine gave us the opportunity to continue on with the exploration with waters which are fatal if the naked human body goes in due to pressure.
    Caption: Cornelis Drebbel 1572-1633 An example of his justification is due to the determination and perseverance he put into this project that Changes his life.
  • Blaise Pascal’s mechanical calculator(Part1/3)

    Blaise Pascal’s mechanical calculator(Part1/3)
    The mechanical calculator was the idea that made digital calculators the way they are nowadays. Although it is human ingenuity, Pascal conceived it while typing to help his father with mathematical problems. His father as a tax collector assigns the jobs to his son and Pascal had to go through 50 prototypes in order to perfect the calculator.
    Caption:Balise Pascal invented Pascal's Calculator
  • Blaise Pascal’s mechanical calculator(Part 2/3)

    Blaise Pascal’s mechanical calculator(Part 2/3)
    The reason I have chosen this event is that the calculator is an important item that helps our lives easier with numbers. Most people would have to use hand to add large numbers in currency if we did not have the important calculator.
    Caption: Four Pascalines and a clone at the CNAM museum in Paris
  • Blaise Pascal’s mechanical calculator(Part3/3)

    Blaise Pascal’s mechanical calculator(Part3/3)
    Pascal’s prototypes become one of the most revered machines that helped calculate the taxes. Although they did not become commercially viable until the early 19th century, when Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar’s Arithmometer, itself using the key breakthrough of Leibniz’s design, which was successful.
    Caption: Pascal's Calculator