Winston Churchill

  • Birthdate

    "Winston Leonardo Spencer Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire on November 30, 1874. He was the eldest son of Lord Randolph Churchill, cancellor of the exchequer, and Jennie Churchill. the beautiful daughter of a New York businessman" ("Winston Churchill").
  • Birthplace

    "He was born on 30 November 1874 and, mainly on accident in Blenheim Palace, although in a singularly bleak-looking bedroom. The accident arose out of his being two months premature" ("Winston Churchill").
  • Jobs

    "In March 1895 he became a sublieutenant in the 4th (Queen's Own) Hussars, a distinguished cavalry regiment after he entered Sandhurst Royal Military College who graduated 8th in a class of 150. He aslo began to write. He spent his first leave of three months as correspondent in Cuba for the London Daily Graphic, meanwhile serving as military observer with the Spanish Forces" ("Churchill, Winston").
  • Publications

    "Winston Churchill wa on active service in India with the Malakand Field Force, about which he published a book, The Malakand Field Force.
  • Scandals

    "After running unsuccessfully for political office in 1899, Churchill went to South Africa as a war correspondent for the Morning Post to cover the Boer War. He was captured in an ambush in November and held prisoner until he staged a dramatic escape one month later, returning to England a hero and publishing two books on the war, as well as a novel, Savrola" ("Winston Churchill").
  • Spouse

    "After being appointed president of the Board of Trade in 1908, Churchill introduced the labor exchanges, a national employment service that he hoped would reduce unemployment in the country. In September of that same year, he married Clementine Ogilvy Hozier, daughter of Sir Henry and Lady Blanche Hozier" ("Winston Churchill").
  • Children

    "When he was thirty-four years old he married Clementine Hozier. He later said his most brilliant achievement was persuading his wife to marry him. He said he "lived happily ever afterwards". They had four children; three daughters, Diana, Sarah, and Mary, and one son, Randolph" ("Churchill, Winston").
  • Innovations

    "On 5 October 1914, Churchill went to Antwerp, which the Belgian government proposed to evacuate. The Royal Marine Brigade was there and at Churchill's urgings the 1st and 2nd Naval Brigades were also committed. Antwerp fell on 10 October with the loss of 2500 men. At the time he was attacked for squandering resources" ("Winston Churchill").
  • Charitable Fundations

    Charitable Fundations
    "Churchill's literary career began with campaign reports: The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899), an account of the campaign in the Sudan and the Battle of Omdurman. In 1900, he published his only novel, Savrola, and, six years later, his first major work, the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill" ("Winston Churchill").
  • Death

    "Although Churchill's detractors saw in him a man of political expediency and of granting temperament, at the end of his life he was looked upon with veneration, enjoyed a world reputation as an all-seeing strategist, an inspiring war leader, and the last of the classic orators. Churchill died in London on January 24, 1965. He was buried beside his parents in Bladon Churchyard, near Blenheim Palace" ("Winston Churchill").