Week 3 - Timeline 1: Auguste Comte

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    Auguste Comte

    Auguste Comte was born January 19th 1798, and died September 5th 1857. Auguste Comte was a French philosopher and writer who formulated the doctrine of positivism. He is often regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term. Comte's ideas were also fundamental to the development of sociology; indeed, he invented the term and treated that discipline as the crowning achievement of the sciences.
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  • The Course of Positive Philosophy

    The Course of Positive Philosophy
    The Course of Positive Philosophy was a series of texts written between 1830 and 1842. First briefly about the physical sciences already in existence (mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology), and later emphasized the inevitable coming of social science. It is in observing the circular dependence of theory and observation in science, and classifying the sciences in this way. (Kreis Auguste Comte, "Course of Positive Philosophy" (1830))
  • A General View of Positivism

    A General View of Positivism
    A General View of Positivism was written 1844 by Auguste Comte. The work states that society, and each science, develops through three mentally conceived stages. The Theological stage, the Metaphysical stage, and the Positivity stage, also known as the scientific stage. (Comte A general view of positivism)
  • Religion of Humanity

    Religion of Humanity
    Comte developed the Religion of Humanity for positivist societies to fulfill the cohesive function once held by traditional worship. The religion was developed after Comte's passionate platonic relationship with Clotilde de Vaux, whom he idealized after her death. He became convinced that feminine values embodied the triumph of sentiment and morality. In a future science-based Positivist society there should also be a religion that would have power by virtue of moral force alone.
  • The Positivist Calendar

    The Positivist Calendar
    Comte developed a solar calendar with 13 months of 28 days, totaling 365 days. The months were named after great figures in Western European history in the fields of science, religion, philosophy, industry and literature. Each day of the year was named after figures in history in various fields. Weeks and days were dedicated to great figures in history. The calendar contains the names of 558 great men, classified according to their field of activity. (Comte and Bell The positivist calendar)