Classic Ballet By monicalaurel 1489 Before 1700s In Tortone, Italy, Bergonzio di Botta conducts his ballet dinner. 1581 Before 1700s Balthasar de Beaujoyeaux choreographed the first ballet, Le Ballet Comique de la Reine, in 1581. 1584 Before 1700s Verona's Teatro d'Olympico has a raised platform arch stage. 1588 Before 1700s Thoinot Arbeau wrote the first French book on dance Orchésographie, which included a description of the turn-out. 1653 Before 1700s In Le Ballet de la Nuit, Louis XIV (Sun King) danced the Sun God. Pierre Beauchamps, his dance teacher, began to develop a dance vocabulary. Period: 1655 to 1729 Before 1700s Louis Pécourt was the first male professional dancer. 1661 Before 1700s The Académie Royale de Danse was founded by Louis XIV. Period: 1665 to 1738 Before 1700s Mlle. LaFontaine - first professional female dancer 1713 18th Century The opera house was home to the Académie Royale de Danse. 1725 18th Century Dancing Master was written by Pierre Rameau, a French dancing master. The relevance of the five positions was underlined in this work. 1726 18th Century Marie Carmargo made her first appearance. In 1727, her rival Marie Salle made her debut. 1733 18th Century In only a tunic, Marie Salle makes her Pygmalion. 1738 18th Century In St. Petersburg, Jean-Baptiste Landé established the Imperial Ballet School. Read more about Russian Ballet's Beginnings and the Bolshoi Ballet's Beginnings. 1758 18th Century The "Shakespeare of Ballet," Jean-Georges Noverre, stages his first ballet in Lyon and publishes his dancing ideas. 1760 18th Century Letters on the Dance, by Jean-George Noverre, was published. 1766 18th Century Catherine the Great establishes the Imperial Theatre Dictorate. 1772 18th Century Gardel Maximilien removes his mask. 1780 18th Century In Philadelphia, America's first male dancer, John Durang, performs. 1786 18th Century La Fille Mal Gardee was choreographed by Dauberval. It is the oldest ballet on the stage today. 1789 18th Century French Revolution begins. 1791 18th Century In Charleston, South Carolina, the first American ballet company performs. More information regarding the origins of American ballet can be found here. 1804 19th Century Napoleon is proclaimed French Emperor. 1820 1820 An Elementary Treatise on the Theory and Practice of the Art of Dancing was written by Carlo Blasis. 1828 1828 An Elementary Treatise on the Theory and Practice of the Art of Dancing was written by Carlo Blasis. 1830 19th Century The Code of Terpsichore is published by Carlo Blasis. 1832 19th Century The "romantic phase" began with Filippo Taglioni's La Sylphide. 1841 19th Century Carlotta Grisi stars in Giselle, a ballet choreographed by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot and directed by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot. 1842 1842 Christian Johansson went to Russia with Marie Taglioni and stayed to become one of Russia's top teachers. 1845 19th Century Jules Perrot choreographed Pas de Quatre at Her Majesty's Theatre in London. 1848 19th Century Fanny Elssler and Jules Perrot are sweeping Russia. Perrot was the director of the Maryinski Ballet for ten years. 1852 19th Century The Imperial School graduates Lev Ivanov, the first Russian-born innovator. 1858 19th Century Perrot is replaced as the Bolshoi's director by Arthur Saint-Leon. 1870 19th Century Marius Petipa, who was a tyrant for 30 years, succeeds Arthur Saint-Leon as director of the Bolshoi. 1870 19th Century Aurthur Saint-Leon returns to Paris to choreograph Coppelia, the Paris Opera's final big ballet. Ballet died out in the West due to the Franco-Prussian War and the siege of Paris. 1890 19th Century Enrico Cecchetti becomes a dancer and ballet master at the Imperial School 1890. Dec 18, 1892 19th Century The Maryinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg hosts the first performance of Petipa's The Nutcracker. 1909 20th Century With his Ballet Russe, Sergei Diaghilev brought ballet back to the western world. 1910 20th Century Sol Hurok starts to organize his first concerts. 1910 1910 The first Ballet company in America, Chicago Opera Ballet 1917 20th Century Russian revolution 1929 1929 The Dorothy Alexander Concert Group started - later to become the Atlanta Civic Ballet 1933 1933 René Blum and Colonel de Basil formed the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo after Diaghilev's death, carrying on the ballet heritage. The Nazis assassinated Blum at Auschwitz. 1933 1933 Adolph Bolm founded the San Francisco Ballet. 1933 1933 In Hartford, Connecticut, Lincoln Kirstein and George Balanchine found the School of American Ballet. 1934 1934 The Philadelphia Ballet evolved from the Catherine Littlefield Ballet Company. 1934 1934 New York City became the home of the School of American Ballet. 1937 1937 The Mikhail Mordkin Ballet is the precursor to the American Ballet Theatre. 1948 1948 Ballet Society becomes The New York City Ballet. 1954 1954 Joffrey Ballet gives its first concert at the 92nd Street Y. 1969 1969 Eliot Feld's first Company started. 1971 1971 Dance Theatre of Harlem gave its first concert at the New York City Guggenheim Museum.