U.S. HISTORY II 1876 - 1900

  • RUTHERFORD B. HAYES ELECTED PRESIDENT IN 1874

    RUTHERFORD B. HAYES ELECTED PRESIDENT IN 1874
    President Rutherford B. Hayes, half-length portrait, seated, facing left. , None. [Between 1877 and 1893, printed later] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/96522533/.
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    RAILROAD CONTINUES TO EXPAND

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    CHICAGO POPULATION

    GROWS FROM 300,000 IN 1870 TO 1.7 MILLION IN 1900
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    THE GREAT CATTLE DRIVES

    BETWEEN 1866 AND 1886, RANCHERS DROVE OVER A MILLION HEAD OF CATTLE BETWEEN TEXAS AND THE RAIL DEPOTS OF KANSAS TO GET THEIR HERDS TO THE EAST COAST PROCESSING PLANTS. EXPANSION OF THE RAILROADS INTO THE SOUTHERN AREAS ELIMINATED THE NEED FOR THESE DRIVES.
  • BATTLE OF LITTLE BIGHORN

    BATTLE OF LITTLE BIGHORN
    THE 7TH CALVARY LED BY GEORGE ARMSTRONG CUSTER FOUGHT SIOUX, CHEYENNE, AND ALLIES.
    Steinegger, H. & Britton, R. &. C. (ca. 1878) General Custer's death struggle. The battle of the Little Big Horn / H. Steinegger ; S.H. Redmond del. ; Lith. Britton, Rey & Co. S.F. Montana, ca. 1878. [San Francisco: Published by The Pacific Art Co. of San Francisco, 1878?, March S.F.: Lith. Britton, Rey & Co] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2009633807/.
  • FIRST FARMERS' ALLIANCE FORMED

    FIRST FARMERS' ALLIANCE FORMED
    FARMERS GATHERED IN LAMPASAS COUNTY, TEXAS TO DISCUSS THE ECONOMIC HARDSHIPS OF THE SOUTHWESTERN FARMERS.
    Gillam, B. (1891) The new Uncle Sam How the Farmers' Alliance propose to have the government run when they get the power / / Gillam. , 1891. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/97504631/.
  • RAILROAD STRIKE ST. LOUIS

    RAILROAD STRIKE ST. LOUIS
    STRIKERS OCCUPIED RAIL DEPOTS DEMANDING AN 8 HOUR WORK DAY AND THE END OF CHILD LABOR. FEDERAL TROOPS STORMED THE DEPOTS, KILLING 18 AND ENDED THE STRIKE.
    Thulstrup, T. D. (1886) The strike at East St. Louis--firing into the crowd / drawn by T. de Thulstrup. East Saint Louis Illinois, 1886. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/90706014/.
  • RAILROAD STRIKE BALTIMORE

    RAILROAD STRIKE BALTIMORE
    VIOLENCE BROKE OUT BETWEEN STRIKING WORKERS AND THE BALTIMORE STATE MILITIA.
    (1877) The Great strike--the Sixth Maryland Regiment fighting its way through Baltimore / from a photograph by D. Bendann. Maryland Baltimore, 1877. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/90707120/.
  • RAILROAD STRIKE PITTSBURGH

    RAILROAD STRIKE PITTSBURGH
    A MONTH'S VIOLENCE BROKE OUT IN PITTSBURGH BETWEEN STATE MILITIA AND STRIKERS.
    (1877) The Great railroad Strike Pittsburgh, Pa.: Steeple view of the Pittsburgh conflagration; Panoramic view of the burned district 2 scenes double page spread of fire. , 1877. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/99614203/.
  • THOMAS EDISON PURSUES ELECTRIC POWER AND LIGHTING

    EDISON DEDICATED HIS LABORATORY IN MENLO PARK TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOLUTIONS TO PRODUCE AND COMMERCIALIZE POWER. PEARL STREET STATION OPENED IN SEPTEMBER OF 1881 AND SUPPLIED POWER TO AN AREA IN MANHATTAN, NEW YORK.
    Thomas Edison. , None. [Between 1870 and 1880] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2017893349/.
  • JAMES GARFIELD ELECTED PRESIDENT

    JAMES GARFIELD ELECTED PRESIDENT
    Pres. James Garfield. , None. [Between 1870 and 1880] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2017893237/.
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    TEXAS POPULATION

    GROWS FROM 1,600,000 IN 1880 TO 3,000,000 IN 1900
  • SITTING BULL LAYS DOWN HIS WEAPONS

    SITTING BULL LAYS DOWN HIS WEAPONS
    WITH SITTING BULL'S SURRENDER AND SUBSEQUENT JOURNEY TO THE RESERVATION, THE INDIAN REBELLION WAS EFFECTIVELY ENDED.
    (ca. 1884) Sitting Bull / photographed and published by Palmquist & Jurgens, St. Paul, Minn. , ca. 1884. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/94500412/.
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    ERA OF THE WILD WEST SHOWS

    BEGAN WITH A DISAGREEMENT BETWEEN FIELD HANDS IN PECOS, TEXAS AND CONTINUED WITH CREATIVE PRODUCERS SUCH AS "BUFFALO BILL" CODY, HIS DISCOVERY ANNIE OAKLEY, "PAWNEE BILL" LILLIE, AND HIS WIFE MAE MANNING LILLIE. DID NOT LOSE POPULARITY INTO THE 1900S.
  • GROVER CLEVELAND ELECTED PRESIDENT

    GROVER CLEVELAND ELECTED PRESIDENT
    (ca. 1888) President Grover Cleveland, half-length portrait, facing right. , ca. 1888. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/96511406/.
  • RAILROAD STRIKE SOUTHWEST

    RAILROAD STRIKE SOUTHWEST
    THE GREAT SOUTHWEST RAILROAD STRIKE BEGAN WHEN A RAILROAD OWNED BY JAY GOULD FIRED A WORKER FOR ATTENDING A UNION MEETING.
    Jay Gould, -1892. , . [No Date Recorded on Caption Card] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2004667827/.
  • RAILROAD STRIKE NATIONWIDE

    RAILROAD STRIKE NATIONWIDE
    DEMAND FOR AN 8 HOUR WORKDAY CAME TO A HEAD IN WHEN BETWEEN 300,000 AND 500,000 WORKERS STRUCK ACROSS THE NATION.
    Nebinger, G. J. (1886) The great railway strike--attempt to start a freight train, under a guard of United States marshals, at East St. Louis, Illinois / from a sketch by G. J. Nebinger. East Saint Louis Illinois, 1886. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/90707123/.
  • HAYMARKET SQUARE INCIDENT

    HAYMARKET SQUARE INCIDENT
    A PROTEST RALLY WAS CONDUCTED AT HAYMARKET SQUARE FOLLOWING THE KILLING OF WORKERS AT THE MCCORMICK REAPER WORKS THE DAY BEFORE. A BOMB WENT OFF AT THE RALLY KILLING POLICEMEN. POLICE THEN OPENED FIRE INTO THE CROWD IN THE SQUARE.
    (1886) The Anarchist Riot in Chicago - A Dynamite Bomb exploding among the police McCormick Strike, Haymarket Square. , 1886. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/99614182/.
  • BENJAMIN HARRISON ELECTED PRESIDENT

    BENJAMIN HARRISON ELECTED PRESIDENT
    President Benjamin Harrison. , None. [Between 1870 and 1880] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2017893221/.
  • THE GHOST DANCE

    THE GHOST DANCE
    WOVOKA OF THE NORTHERN PAIUTE TELLS FOLLOWERS THAT IF THEY SUBSCRIBE TO THE GHOST DANCE RELIGION, THE WHITE MAN WILL DISAPPEAR FROM THEIR LAND AND ALL WILL RETURN TO WHAT IT WAS BEFORE.
    (1891) The Ghost dance of the Sioux Indians. , 1891. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2006683523/.
  • THE FRONTIER DECLARED CLOSED

    THE FRONTIER DECLARED CLOSED
    AS JUDGED BY THE CENSUS BUREAU- THERE WAS NO DEFINITIVE LINE NORTH TO SOUTH SEPARATING THE WESTERN PART OF THE CONTINENT FROM THE SETTLED AREA.
    Currier & Ives. (ca. 1867) The Pioneer's Home: On the Western Frontier. , ca. 1867. New York: Published by Currier & Ives. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2001700590/.
  • CHIEF SITTING BULL KILLED

    CHIEF SITTING BULL KILLED
    POLICE KILLED THE SIOUX WARRIOR AND HOLY MAN WHEN HE RESISTED ARREST. THE FINAL BATTLE AT WOUNDED KNEE WOULD OCCUR 2 WEEKS LATER.
    (ca. 1884) Sitting Bull / photographed and published by Palmquist & Jurgens, St. Paul, Minn. , ca. 1884. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/94500412/.
  • BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE

    BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE
    2 WEEKS AFTER SITTING BULL WAS KILLED, A U.S. CALVARY UNIT ENTERED A CAMP OF LAKOTAS UNDER CHIEF SPOTTED ELK KILLING BETWEEN 150 AND 300 NATIVE AMERICAN MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN.
    (ca. 1891) Burial of the dead at the battle of Wounded Knee, S.D. , ca. 1891. Jan. 17. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2007681010/.
  • GROVER CLEVELAND ELECTED PRESIDENT FOR 2ND TIME

    GROVER CLEVELAND ELECTED PRESIDENT FOR 2ND TIME
    (ca. 1888) President Grover Cleveland, half-length portrait, facing right. , ca. 1888. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/96511406/.
  • HOMESTEAD RIOT

    HOMESTEAD RIOT
    ALALGAMATED ASSOCIATION OF IRON AND STEEL WORKERS STRUCK AT A MILL OWNED BY ANDREW CARNEGIE. THE PINKERTONS WERE ENGAGED AND A BATTLE ENSUED. AFTER THE PINKERTONS SURRENDERED, THE MILITIA CAME IN AND BROKE THE STRIKE, BRINGING ABOUT THE EVENTUAL DISSOLUTION OF THE UNION.
    (1892) The Homestead riot. Pennsylvania Homestead, 1892. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/96506815/.
  • PANIC OF 1893

    PANIC OF 1893
    Broughton, C. (1893) The recent panic - scene in the New York Stock Exchange on the morning of Friday, May 5th / Drawn by Charles Broughton from sketches on the spot. New York, 1893. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2003688493/.
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    WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION

  • PULLMAN FACTORY STRIKE

    PULLMAN FACTORY STRIKE
    LASTING FROM MAY TO JULY, PULLMAN WORKERS STRUCK WHEN WAGES WERE CUT BUT COST OF LIVING REMAINED THE SAME. THE AMERICAN RAILWAY UNION STRUCK IN SYMPATHY REFUSING TO HANDLE PULLMAN CARS. IT TOOK FEDERAL TROOPS TO BREAK THIS STRIKE.
    (1872) George M. Pullman, head-and-shoulders portrait, seated, facing right. , 1872. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/92508434/.
  • WILLIAM MCKINLEY ELECTED PRESIDENT 1ST TERM

    WILLIAM MCKINLEY ELECTED PRESIDENT 1ST TERM
    (ca. 1900) William McKinley, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right. , ca. 1900. May 4. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/96522569/.
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    THE GREAT MERGER MOVEMENT WILL CONTINUE UNTIL 1904

    SMALLER COMPANIES WERE COMBINED INTO LARGE RIVALS CREATING INDUSTRIAL MONOPOLIES.
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    WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN SPEAKING TOUR

    BRYAN WAS A CONGRESSMAN FROM NEBRASKA AND SERVED AS SECRETARY OF STATE UNDER WOODROW WILSON. HE SPOKE AGAINST THE GOLD STANDARD. HE RECEIVED THE 1896 DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION FOR PRESIDENT.