FERDINAND MAGELLAN'S

  • Mar 10, 1519

    FIRST TRIP

    FIRST TRIP
    September 26 - October 3: stopover in the Canary Islands to take supplies. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magallanes-Elcano -
  • Sep 20, 1519

    FIRST TRIP

    The Spanish fleet, the Armada de Molucca, which left Spain on September 20, 1519, consisted of five ships with 270 men: Trinidad commanded by Magellan, Captain General; San Antonio under Juan de Cartagena; Conception under Gaspar de Quesada; Santiago under João Serrão; and Victoria under Luiz Mendoza. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magallanes-Elcano -
  • Nov 29, 1519

    FIRST TRIP

    November 29: Fleet arrives in the vicinity of Cape San Agustín. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magallanes-Elcano -
  • Dec 13, 1519

    FIRST TRIP

    December 13: Entrance to the bay of Rio de Janeiro. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magallanes-Elcano -
  • Dec 27, 1519

    FIRST TRIP

    December 27: Depart from Rio de Janeiro. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magallanes-Elcano -
  • Feb 27, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    SECOND TRIP
    February 27: Entrance to Bahía de los Patos. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Mar 31, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    March 31: Start of the winter stay in Puerto San Julián. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Apr 1, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    April 1 and 2: Mutiny in Victoria, Concepción and San Antonio; death of Luis de Mendoza. Later execution of Quesada, abandonment of Cartagena. Álvaro de Mesquita becomes captain of San Antonio, Duarte Barbosa de Victoria. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Apr 30, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    End of April: Santiago is sent on a mission to find the passage. The ship is caught in a storm and sinks. The survivors return to Puerto San Julián. Serrano (João Serrão) becomes captain of the Concepción. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Jul 15, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    July: Encounters with the "Patagonian giants" (probably the Tehuelche people). Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Aug 23, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    August 23 or 24: The fleet leaves Puerto San Julián for Río Santa Cruz. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Oct 18, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    October 18: The fleet leaves Santa Cruz. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Oct 21, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    October 21: Arrival at the Cape of the Eleven Thousand Virgins, an entrance to what would become known as the Strait of Magellan. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Oct 30, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    End of October: San Antonio, in charge of exploring Magdalen Sound, does not return to the fleet, instead sails back to Spain under the command of Estêvão Gomes, who imprisoned the captain of Mesquita. The ship arrives in Spain on May 21, 1521. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magallanes-Elcano
  • Nov 28, 1520

    SECOND TRIP

    November 28: The fleet leaves the strait and enters the Pacific Ocean. When in the Pacific, some crew members suffer from scurvy. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Jan 24, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    THIRD TRIP
    24 / 25-28 January: Landing on an uninhabited island, which Magellan calls San Pablo (probably Puka-Puka). They stay a few days before continuing. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Mar 6, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    March 6: Arrival in Guam and meeting with the Chamorro people. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Mar 16, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    March 16: Arrival of the Magellan expedition to one of the Philippine Islands. They headed for Suluan and dropped anchor for a few hours' respite. Suluan is a small island in the Eastern Samar province. They then dropped anchor at Homonhon, another small island in the Eastern Samar province. They were detected by the boats of Rajah Kolambu who was visiting Mazaua, who then guided them to Cebu on April 7. Chronology of the circumnavigation of Magellan-Elcano
  • Mar 31, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    March 31: First mass in the Philippines, celebrated in Mazaua, it is not determined whether it was celebrated in Mazaua, Leyte del Sur or Masao, Caraga, Mindanao or in Butuan, Agusan del Norte.
  • Apr 7, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    April 7: Arrival at the Rajahnate of Cebu.
  • Apr 27, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    April 27: Death of Magellan at the Battle of Mactan. Serrano and Barbosa are voted co-commanders.
  • May 1, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    May 1: At a local banquet Barbosa and 27 sailors (including Afonso de Góis, Victoria's new captain after the election of Barbosa and Serrano) are killed and Serrano captured, then assassinated. The three remaining ships escape.
  • May 2, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    May 2: There are not enough men to handle three ships, so the worm-infested Conception is set on fire. Two ships remain: Victoria and Trinidad. Gonzalo Gómez de Espinosa becomes captain of Victoria. Joao López Carvalho is appointed Captain General. The ships sail to Mindanao and Brunei.
  • Sep 21, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    September 21: Carvalho is replaced by Espinosa as Captain General. Juan Sebastián Elcano becomes captain of Victoria.
  • Nov 8, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    November 8: Arrival in Tidore in the Moluccas.
  • Dec 21, 1521

    THIRD TRIP

    December 21: Victoria, commanded by Elcano, leaves the Moluccas to return home, sailing west to the Cape of Good Hope. Trinidad remains in Tidore for repairs. Chronology of the Magellan-Elcano circumnavigation
  • Jan 25, 1522

    FOURTH TRIP

    FOURTH TRIP
    January 25: Victoria arrives in Timor and begins to cross the Indian Ocean.
  • Apr 6, 1522

    FOURTH TRIP

    April 6: Trinidad under the command of Espinosa leaves the Moluccas for home, sailing east. After five weeks, Espinosa decides to return to the Moluccas where he and his ship are captured by a Portuguese fleet under the command of Antonio de Brito. However, the ship was wrecked during a storm.
  • May 22, 1522

    FOURTH TRIP

    May 22: Victoria passes the Cape of Good Hope and enters the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Jun 9, 1522

    FOURTH TRIP

    July 9: Victoria arrives in Santiago, Cape Verde.
  • Sep 6, 1522

    FOURTH TRIP

    September 6: Victoria returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda under the command of Elcano, two weeks before three years after setting sail.
  • Sep 8, 1522

    FOURTH TRIP

    September 8: Victoria arrives in Seville, technically completing the circumnavigation. Chronology of the Magellan-Elcano circumnavigation