Applied linguistics: past and future

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    Past

  • The first English Language Dictionary

    The first English Language Dictionary
    Dictionary of the English Language authority on the meanings of English words standardizing English spellings by Samuel Johnson.
  • Short Introduction to English Grammar adopted as ‘correct English” by Robert Lowth

    Short Introduction to English Grammar adopted as ‘correct English” by Robert Lowth
  • The academic journal Language Learning

    The academic journal Language Learning was the first to produce a worldwide publication that explicitly included the term Applied Linguistics in the subtitle: A Quarterly Journal of Applied
  • Institutional beginnings

    Institutional beginnings of Applied Linguistics as a relatively autonomous field of knowledge of linguistics, this happened mainly as a result of the creation of the School of Applied Linguistics at the University of Edinburgh in 1956 and the Center for Applied linguistics in Washington, D.C. in 1957.
  • Linguistics across Cultures

    Linguistics across Cultures
    One of the classics of applied contrastive analysis is published, with a preface written by the prominent linguist Charles Fries and with LA in the subtitle: Linguistics across Cultures.
  • Cognitive approach

    Cognitive approach
    The wave of linguistic interest in the decades of the 1970s and 1980s soon faded largely because reading teachers and experts strongly objected to new information from outsiders such as linguists and much of the field then returned to its more traditional approaches of teaching reading. (Chomsky)
  • Theory developed by Searle

    Theory developed by Searle
    Using constructed data he brilliantly outlined how speech act theory worked for a few speech acts, including requesting, asserting, questioning, thanking, advising, warning, greeting, and congratulating. When applied linguists began to apply speech act theory to real-life data, however, they discovered other speech acts that Seale and other theorists had not talked about, including accusing, apologizing, admitting, threatening, and counseling.
  • Linguist' areas

    Linguist' areas
    Applied linguists worked primarily, if not exclusively, in the areas of language learning, teaching, and testing.
  • Labov wrote about ‘’How social factors influence L1 language uses’’

  • Linguistic Society of America

    Linguistic Society of America
    The Applied Linguistics section of the Linguistic Society of America is formed and the book Introducing Applied Linguistics by Pit Corder, then Professor of LA at the University of Edinburgh, is published.
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    Books published by different linguists

    They have been publishing books about issues in areas such as medical communication by Sarangi
    and Roberts (1999), Labov and Fanshel (1977) and Ferrara (1994), in government language by Spolsky (2004) and Shuy (1998), in advertising by Geis (1982) and Vestergaard and Schroder (1985), in business by Bhatia and Candlin (1996), Bargiela-Chiappini (2013) and Tannen (1994), in law by Coulthard and Johnson (2010), ibbons (2003, 2008), Rock (2007), Eades, in language perception by Preston (1999), etc.
  • Tarone wrote about ‘’How social factors influence for L2 language uses’’

  • Applied linguists

    Applied linguists began to cluster together, so much so infact that it

    became easy to isolate themselves from the linguistics departments of their origins.
  • Creation of the AAAL

    Creation of the AAAL
    There was an international organization, Association Internationale de Linguistique Applique (AILA), but the USA was not a member of it and very few Americans even attended the annual meetings. When Bernard Spolsky, Dick Tucker, Roger W. Shuy met together at an annual AILA conference in Belgium, they lamented that the USA was the only western nation not represented by an organized group of applied linguists at AILA. At that meeting they decided to create AAAL.
  • The use of linguistics within the medical field was not as important.

    The use of linguistics within the medical field was not as important.
  • LSA

    LSA
    Despite the fact that applying linguistics to serious social, political, aesthetic, religious, and economic issues in the world might be considered a higher calling, the LSA still struggles to think of applied linguistics as an integral part of the organization that it once considered only natural to include and even value.
  • The development of sociolinguistic

    The development of sociolinguistic
    The development and eventual acceptance of sociolinguistics as an integral part of linguistics helped a little bit, but once again the natural tendency of academics to split into like-minded specializations assigned such broad social opportunities to apply linguistics to sociolinguists rather than to self-identified applied linguists.
  • The importance of applied linguistics

    The importance of applied linguistics
    Applied linguistics is a very important and highly relevant field—one that should offer much greater prestige than it now enjoys.
  • The purpose of Linguistics according to Catford was to improve the learning and teaching of foreign languages.

    The purpose of Linguistics according to Catford was to improve the learning and teaching of foreign languages.
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    Present

  • Medicine

    Medicine
    Due to public criticism, linguistics has been taken as an important part in the medical field because effective communication between doctor and patient is important.
  • Thanks to recent developments in corpus linguistics, even testing and measurement can have a wider scope.

  • Linguists present certain difficulties in their work on legal and medical documents, in terms of full access to information due to privacy rights.

    Linguists present certain difficulties in their work on legal and medical documents, in terms of full access to information due to privacy rights.
  • The New Yorker

    An applied linguist’s work describing a politician’s use of the first person pronoun in his speeches reaches the daily news and the work of applied linguistics in the legalworld is even covered in popular magazines like The New Yorker.
  • Theory development and empirical research

    Today, both theories and applications are integral aspects of LA and applied linguists work in a broad multidisciplinary framework supported by theory development and empirical research to explore issues of concern arising, for example, from the acquisition and use of a language, language house or non-native language, within a given context, as well as to address more 'practical' problems that contribute, for example, to decision-making in social, educational and socio-political areas
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    Future

  • It would be timely for the future of applied linguistics to do some serious rethinking about what it is, where it came from, and where it is going right now.

    It would be timely for the future of applied linguistics to do some serious rethinking about what it is, where it came from, and where it is going right now.
  • Applied Linguistics of the future

    The Applied Linguistics of the future will have to combine the process of consolidation of what already exists and the process of creation of what is new; it is very likely that the former will moderate in practice the development of the latter, thus promoting periods of greater maturity and balance than in the past.
  • The acquisition of second languages will continue to be an area of great expansion in LA.

    The acquisition of second languages will continue to be an area of great expansion in LA.
  • In the future it will be much more relevant than now to make a distinction between Applied Linguistics ‘X’ and Applied English Linguistics.