VietNAM War

  • Vietnam Freedom

    Vietnam Freedom
    Allies defeated Japan in WWII, and forced them to surrender Indochina. Vietnam claimed freedom under Ho Chi Minh, but France still considered it theirs.
  • French takeover

    French takeover
    The French drove out the Viet Minh and set up a new government. The fighting worsened and they asked the US for help.
  • Geneva Conference

    Geneva Conference
    The French forces in Vietnam were beginning to be badly beaten, so a peace agreement was signed between France and North Vietnam. France had to take it’s troops out of North Vietnam and they could choose their new government.
  • Dien Bien Phu

    Dien Bien Phu
    The NVA annihilated the French forces at the large outpost Dien Bien Phu. The French were very embarrassed and quickly made a settlement with North Vietnam, effectively ending the first Indochina war.
  • Operation Chopper

    Operation Chopper
    American helicopters dropped South Vietnamese paratroopers over a Vietcong stronghold 10 miles west of Saigon. The Vietcong were soundly defeated.
  • Battle of Nam Dong

    Battle of Nam Dong
    Over 800 Vietcong soldiers attacked a base of 300 South Vietnamese, 12 American Green Berets, and 1 Australian Military adviser. The Vietcong were repelled and eventually retreated into the jungle. The Captain Roger C. Donlon was given a Medal of Honor, the first in the Vietnam war.
  • Tonkin Resolution

    Tonkin Resolution
    After two unprovoked attacks on American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin by Vietcong torpedo boats, President Johnson was basically given power to protect American troops by whatever means necessary.
  • Vung Ro Bay

    Vung Ro Bay
    A military chopper discovered a North Vietnamese naval trawler camouflaged in trees and grass unloading supplies into South Vietnam. South Vietnamese Skyraiders sunk the ship and destroyed all the cargo.
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    Operation Rolling Thunder

    A large scale bombing operation directed deteriorating the Vietcong morale. Did not really work all that well because the president was afraid of getting China involved.
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    Operation Starlite

    5,500 US soldiers received information about the whereabouts of a VC unit. The US soldiers drove them out, and killed over 900 enemy soldiers. It was the first 100% US soldier battle.
  • Battle of Long Tan

    Battle of Long Tan
    108 Australian soldiers were surrounded at Nui Dat, a small village in the province Phuoc Tuy, South Vietnam. With enemy forces estimated at around 2,500, the Aussies managed to repel them while only suffering 18 casualties.
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    Operation Cedar Falls

    Over 30,000 American troops cleared a 115 square mile Vietcong stronghold (the iron triangle) only 30 miles north of Saigon. It worked, but decreased civilian support for the US.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Over 70,000 Vietcong troops attacked over 100 South Vietnamese villages and outposts. Although they suffered heavy casualties, it was a major turning point in the war in favor of the Vietcong as they started slowly forcing the Americans and South Vietnamese troops further south.
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    Battle of Saigon

    Part of the Tet offensive, Vietcong guerillas tried to take six major buildings in Saigon. It is considered a US victory, but it made US civilians even more wary of the war.
  • Vietnamization

    The US started training South Vietnamese soldiers to take the position of Americans so the US could end their involvement
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    US withdrawal of troops

    Presidents Nixon and Ford began a process taking american troops out because of mass public protesting and heavy losses.
  • Kent State

    Kent State
    National Guardsmen who were on the campus on Kent State to control a student protest fired into a group of the student protesters, killing 4 and wounding 9. It triggered mass protests at colleges around the nation.
  • 26th Amendment

    26th Amendment
    lowered the voting age from 21 to 18, which allowed millions of young people to participate in our country’s democracy. It was powered by college student’s protests around the country.
  • War Powers Act

    War Powers Act
    Gave the legislative branch more power over foreign affairs and took power away from the President.
  • South Vietnam Surrender

    South Vietnam Surrender
    Saigon is captured by the Vietcong, and a surrender is arranged the same day. The US promised to save South Vietnam if Saigon was captured, but they did not come to the rescue.