Early cold war in Europe

  • Iron Curtain Speech

    Iron Curtain Speech
    Winston Churchill delivers a speech at Westminster college, about the divide between communist Russia and capitalist countries, specifically the U.S. and Great Britain.
  • The Truman Doctrine

    The Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine is the idea that the U.S. should aid any country resisting the Soviet Union or communism in general.
  • Molotov Plan

    Molotov Plan
    The Soviet's version of the Marshall Plan, provide economic aid to countries aligned with their political beliefs.
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    U.S gives over $12 billion to help rebuild the Western European economy after World War 2. The goal was to rebuild the badly damaged European states.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Soviets blockade rail, road, and river access to Allied-controlled areas of Berlin, because Berlin was located in Soviet controlled East Germany.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    The Soviet Union blockes the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the areas of Berlin under Western control.
  • NATO

    NATO
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization: a military alliance between various countries of the North Atlantic, the opposition of the Warsaw Pact
  • Soviet Atomic Bomb Test

    Soviet Atomic Bomb Test
    Soviets successfully detonate their first atomic bomb, code name "First Lightning"
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    The Vietminh surround the French military, who are camped on low ground surrounded by hills deep in North Vietnam. The battle was a victory for the Vietminh, and significantly weakened the French military presence in Indochina.
  • Geneva Conference

    Geneva Conference
    The Soviet Union, the U.S, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China participated in this conference to resolve issues regarding Korean territory, and restoring peace to Indochina.
  • The Warsaw Pact

    The Warsaw Pact
    Soviet Union, Albania, Poland, Romania, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria signed a treaty together that would call the others to defense if one country was attacked. It also set up one unified military for the defense of all these countries.
  • The Invasion of Hungary

    The Invasion of Hungary
    Thousands of Hungarians protested Soviet control and demanded more democratic elections and freedoms.Soviet tanks crushed the attempted revolution, and it is estimated that 2,500 Hungarians were killed, and hundreds of thousands left the country as refugees.
  • Assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem

    Assassination of  Ngo Dinh Diem
    The president of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem is assassinated, providing a major turning point for U.S. involvement in Vietnam.
  • Assassination of JFK

    Assassination of JFK
    Lee Harvey Oswald assassinates president John Kennedy, leaving Lyndon B Johnson to succeed him and take over the war efforts in Vietnam.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resloution

    Tonkin Gulf Resloution
    President Johnson announces that the North Vietnamese had fired on U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin. Johnson proceeded to dispatch air force against the North Vietnamese, and asked congress to pass a resolution.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    A sustained air bombing operation of North Vietnam conducted primarily by U.S. air forces. The goal was to disable North Vietnamese transportation capabilities, boost morale of South Vietnamese soldiers, and to push North Vietnam to resolve the war sooner.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    The Viet Cong and the Peoples Army of Vietnam launch a highly coordinated surprise attack against forces in South Vietnam.
  • Assassination of MLK

    Assassination of MLK
    James Earl Ray was a racist segregationist who began planning the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Ray rented a room near the Loraine motel where Dr. King was staying, went into the shared bathroom of the rooming house he was staying in, and shot Dr. King on the balcony of his motel room with a rifle.
  • Assassination of RFK

    Assassination of RFK
    Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan, a Palestinian immigrant after winning the democratic primary in South Dakota
  • The Invasion of Czechoslovakia

    The Invasion of Czechoslovakia
    Soviets led an invasion of Czechoslovakia to slow the reform of communism in Eastern Europe.
  • Riots at Democratic National Convention in Chicago

    Riots at Democratic National Convention in Chicago
    Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters fight police in the streets, while the Democratic Party is torn apart over an internal dispute concerning their stance on Vietnam.
  • Election of Richard Nixon

    Election of Richard Nixon
    Richard Nixon is elected into presidential office as the 37th president of the United States. Nixon takes over the war efforts in Vietnam, changing some policies and strategy.
  • Kent State Shootings

    Kent State Shootings
    Ohio national guard fired upon unarmed college students who were protesting the U.S. Cambodian campaign, killing 4 and injuring 9.
  • Nixon Visits China

    Nixon Visits China
    This marks the first time a U.S. president had visited the Peoples Republic of China, which at that time considered the U.S. one of its foes, and the visit ended the 25 year separation between the two.
  • Cease Fire in Vietnam

    Cease Fire in Vietnam
    After the cease fire went into effect, both sides violated it. Both sides claimed that their military operations were justified by the actions of the other side, resulting in a chain of retaliations by either side.
  • The Fall of Saigon

    The Fall of Saigon
    The capture of Saigon, the South Vietnamese capitol, by the Peoples Army of Vietnam (the North Vietnamese forces).