Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama and was arrested.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
For 13 months, African Americans boycotted buses because of Rosa Park's refusal to give up her seat to a white man. This boycott went all the way to the supreme court and eventually ruled segreation of buses unconstitutional in Browder v. Gayle.
Four African Americans in Greensboro, North Carolina, protested for desegregation by sitting at a Woolsworth lunch counter. Though they were arrested for misconduct, they sparked a revolution of peaceful protest.
John F. Kennedy
Democratic Kennedy won the election of 1960 and pledged to get the country moving again. He was the youngest president ever elected.
In Washington D.C., MLK delivered a moving speech to thousands of listeners, preaching equality. It is the most well-known of his speeches and an iconic symbol of civil rights.
March on Washington
This march was a peaceful protest lead by Martin Luther King Jr. to gain "jobs and freedom" for his fellow African Americans. It was here that MLK gave his riveting "I have a dream" speech in the national mall in Washington DC. http://www.infoplease.com/spot/marchonwashington.html
This was an "unprovoked attack" on the US Maddox by North Vietnamese forces. Though the US claimed that it was unprovoked, they hid the fact that the US Maddox had been providing support to South Vietnam.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
This was Congress' response to the attack on the US Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin Invasion. With a unanimous vote in the House and only two votes of dissention in the Senate, Johnson was given a blank check to escalate US involement in Vietnam.
Operation Rolling Thunder was a bombing campaign on North Vietnam under President Johsnon. It was supposed to only last eight weeks but ended up lasting for eight years. Its target was North Vietnam and NLF controlled areas in South Vietnam.
On the Vietnamese holidy, Tet, North Vietnamese took advantage of the vulnerable South Vietnamese and American forces and attacked. Although the Americans won each one of these battles, this attack broke any hope of the Americans winning the war.
Five burglars were caught in the Democratic Offices at Watergate. Nixon claimed to have not known about these misdoings, but more inverstigation proved otherwise. He was impeached for obstruction of justice and then resigned in 1974.
This was Nixon's strategy to slowly pull American forces out of Vietnam and turn over the fighting to the South Vietnamese. It was finally completed in 1975.
Withdrawal of US troops from Vietnam
After many years of fighting, the US officially withdrew its troops from Vietnam in 1973; however, much to their dismay, Vietnam fell to communism shortly after, in 1975.
Ford was the first and only president to be made, not elected, president. He was appointed to vice president after Spiro Agnew's resignation and stumbled his way into the presidency when Nixon resigned.
Ford pardons Nixon
A month after Ford took office, he publicly gave Nixon a presidental pardon, thus freeing him from any crimes he may have committed as president. This caused a lot of anger and distrust with the American people.
It was a declaration signed by 33 countries to reduce tensions between the communist eastern world and the free western world. This was an attempt to reach a detente.