Vietnam War By shaunaoswald May 7, 1954 Dien Bien Phu Viet Minh overrun French fortress at Dien Bien Phu. Sep 8, 1954 SEATO Eight nations sign United States sponsored SEATO treaty. Feb 12, 1955 Training the South Vietnamese Army President Eisenhower's administration sends the first U.S. advisers to South Vietnam to train the South Vietnamese Army. May 13, 1961 Special Forces Troops President Kennedy orders 100 "special forces" troops to South Vietnam. May 15, 1962 Building up United States Troops President Kennedy orders an immediate build-up of US troops in Thailand to a total of 5,000 due to Communist attacks in Laos and movement toward the Thailand border. Nov 1, 1963 Death of Leaders South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother are assassinated outside of Saigon. This weakens the war effort. Aug 2, 1964 US Navy Destroyers Attacked United States Navy destroyers "Maddox" and "C. Turner Joy" are reported attacked by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. Jan 29, 1966 US Bombings United States begins bombing around Haiphong and Hanoi, North Vietnam. Jan 30, 1968 Tet Offensive Communists start Tet Offensive which escalates into one of the major battles of the war. Mar 16, 1968 My Lai Massacre Occurs My Lai Massacre occurs. Over 100 civilians were massacred. Mar 31, 1968 Johnson's Bombing Halt President Johnson commits the United States to a non-military solution of the war when he announced he would not seek re-election, and ordered a bombing halt over 75% of North Vietnam. Sep 3, 1969 Death of Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh dies. May 4, 1970 Kent State Shootings Four Kent State college students were shot to death by Ohio National Guardsmen during an anti-war protest on the campus. Jan 10, 1972 7th Withdrawl President Nixon announces the 7th withdrawal: 70,000 troops by May 1, 1972 reducing the troop level in Vietnam to 69,000. Mar 30, 1972 Retalitation The North Vietnamese launch a major offensive across the DMZ. In retaliation, Nixon orders the bombing of the Hanoi and Haiphong area. Apr 15, 1972 Renewed Bombing Renewed United States bombing of North Vietnam above the 20th parallel. Apr 26, 1972 Withdrawling Troops President Nixon announced the withdrawal of 20,000 more troops. Jan 8, 1973 Talk of Peace Final stage of peace talks began that would lead to the signing of a Vietnam cease fire on January 27, 1973. Jan 23, 1973 Nixon Speaks of Ending the War President Nixon announced an agreement "to end the war and bring peace with honor in Vietnam and S.E. Asia." Jan 27, 1973 End of the Vietnam War Official end of the Vietnam War. Between January 27 and March 29, 587 military and civilian prisoners were released by the North Vietnamese, and 23,500 US troops were withdrawn from South Vietnam.