Russian Composers

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    Mihail Ivanovich Glinka
    Genres: opera, romance, symphonic music, chamber music
    Most famous works: Ruslan and Lyudmila, A Life for the Tsar
    Total works: ~200
    Fun fact: He was fluent in six foreign languages.
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    Anton Grigorievich Rubinstein
    Genres: operas, ballets, symphonies, overtures, concerts
    Most famous works: Daemon, Feramors, Maccabees
    Total works: >200
    Fun fact: He is the founder of professional music education in Russia
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    Alexander Porfirievich Borodin
    Genres: opera, symphony, chamber music
    Most famous works: Bogatyrs, The Tsar's Bride, Mlada
    Total works: 19
    Fun fact: All his life Borodin considered himself a chemist, and treated music as a hobby.
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    Miliy Alekseevich Balakirev
    Genres: symphony, romances
    Most famous works: Fantasy on themes from Glinka's opera "Ivan Susanin"
    Total works: ~100
    Fun fact: Balakirev was an ardent opponent of conservatories, believing that talent can only be cultivated at home.
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    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
    Genres: pens, orchestral pieces, cycles of vocal and piano music, romances and songs, choirs
    Most famous works: Boris Godunov, Khovanshchina, Salambo
    Total works: >100
    Fun fact:
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    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Genres: symphonies, operas, ballets, concerts, choral music, romances
    Most famous works: Waltz of the Flowers, Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy, Dance of the Little Swans, Slavic March
    Total works: >150
    Fun fact: Burned the first two operas
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    Nikolai Andreevich Rimsky-Korsakov
    Genres: Operas, Symphonic, Vocal compositions
    Most famous works: Pskovite, May Night, Snow Maiden
    Total works: ~30
    Fun fact: Rimsky-Korsakov hated music lessons as a child, dreaming of naval service.
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    Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov
    Genres: operas, ballets, symphonies
    Most famous works: Raymonda
    Total works: >110
    Fun fact: Glazunov became a professor and then director of the St. Petersburg Conservatory without having a conservatory education.
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    Vasily Sergeevich Kalinnikov
    Genres: opera and symphony
    Most famous works: Symphony No. 2 A-dur, Intermezzo No. 1 fis-moll
    Total works: <30
    Fun fact: He was very poor and suffered from tuberculosis, and when he saved up money for treatment he died
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    Alexander Nikolaevich Skyabin
    Genres: poems, nocturnes, sonatas, preludes
    Most famous works: Poem of Ecstasy, Prometheus
    Total works: 196
    Fun fact: Scriabin died from sepsis resulting from a carbuncle on the upper lip.
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    Sergey Vasilevich Raсhmaninov
    Genres: symphony, opera, piano concerto, piano miniature
    Most famous works: Fantasy piece op. 3 No. 4 “Punichinelle”, Etude in G minor, op. 33 No. 8
    Total works: >150
    Fun fact: While studying at the conservatory, Rachmaninov earned a special assessment from Tchaikovsky, who took the exam in harmony - he gave him an A with four pluses.
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    Reingold Moritsevich Gliere
    Genres: opera, symphony, classical music, folk and ballet
    Most famous works: Ilya Muromets, Victory, March of the Red Army
    Total works: >300
    Fun fact: Glier's work in Kyiv as rector of the conservatory occurred during the era of revolutionary upheavals. At that time, power in the city changed more than fifteen times. He was arrested five times and sentenced to death for collaborating with the previous hostile regime.
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    Nikolai Karlovich Medtner
    Genres: chamber instrumental works, sonatas, romances
    Most famous works: Window, Raven, Elegy
    Total works: >200
    Fun fact: Medtner did not adhere to any of the musical styles characteristic of the first half of the 20th century.
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    Nikolai Yakovlevich Myaskovsky
    Genres: symphonic music, romance, mass song
    Most famous works: Sixth Symphony
    Total works: ~110
    Fun fact: The composer went out in public so rarely that he received the nickname Misanthrope
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    Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky
    Genres: opera, symphony, chamber music and academic music of the 20th century
    Most famous works: Persephone, Playing Cards, Orpheus
    Total works: ~140
    Fun fact: while a law student, Stravinsky took music lessons from Rimsky-Korsakov himself, a close family friend
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    Sergei Sergeevich Prokofiev
    Genres: opera, ballet, symphony
    Most famous works: Peter and the Wolf, Opera "War and Peace", Ballet "Cinderella", "Romeo and Juliet"
    Total works: >130
    Fun fact: The composer was partial to playing chess, claiming that the logical chains that arise in his head during the game help him create music.
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    Vissarion Yakovlevich Shebalin
    Genres: opera, cantata, symphony
    Most famous works: Lenin, The Taming of the Shrew, Sun over the Steppe
    Total works: ~50
    Fun fact: Member of the futuristic literary and artistic group "Chervonnaya Troika"
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    Aram Ilyich Khachaturyan
    Genres: academic music, ballet, concert music, symphonic music, chamber music
    Most famous works: Masquerade, Saber Dance, Spartacus
    Total works: ~400
    Fun fact: his music has been used in a large number of modern cartoons and TV series
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    Dmitry Dmitrievich Shostakovich
    Genres: symphonic and chamber music, opera
    Most famous works: Leningrad Symphony, operas “The Nose” and “Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk”
    Total works: ~90
    Fun fact: Shostakovich's hobby is football. He was not only fond of this sport, but also graduated from the school of football referees.
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    Georgy Vasilievich Sviridov
    Genres: symphonic and choral music
    Most famous works: vocal and symphonic frescoes “Poem in memory of Sergei Yesenin”
    Total works: ~100
    Fun fact: Sviridov loved to read. His home library contained more than 2.5 thousand books.
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    Alfred Garrievich Schnittke
    Genres: academic music, film music
    Most famous works: A tale of wanderings
    Total works: ~400
    Fun fact: The music of his compositions is heard in more than 30 Soviet films.
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    Boris Ivanovich Tishchenko
    Genres: opera and symphony
    Most famous works: "Yaroslavna", "Twelve"
    Total works: ~100
    Fun fact: Tishchenko’s teacher and main inspirer was Shostakovich