US History 1887-2008

Timeline created by enzo.norton-mitchell
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

  • Constitution written

  • Bill of Rights ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    Provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west.
  • 13th Amendment

    Slavery abolished
  • 14th Amendment

    Citizenship & due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Legalized segregation, established “separate but equal”.
  • 15th Amendment

    Voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    Awarded government jobs based on merit.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Outlawed business monopolies.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska).

  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

  • Open Door Policy

    Initiated free trade with China
  • Panama Canal begins constructon

  • Roosevelt Corollary

    An addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    Law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    Established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    Direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    Alvin York
    Alvin York was one of the most decorated US Army soldiers of WWI.
    Homefront
    People who stay in a country and work while that country's soldiers are fighting in a war in a foreign country
    M.A.I.N.
    Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism.
    Sussex Pledge
    Promise by the German navy that they would not attack passenger ships and that they would give fair warning before sinking merchant ships
    American Expeditionary Forces
    US Armed Forces sent to Europe in 1917 to fight in WWI
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    Granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • Dust Bowl starts

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • 21st Amendment

    Repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    Established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War II

    IslandHopping
    Securing islands in Pacific for US gain
    LiberationofConcentrationCamps
    Freeing people from German camps
    DwightEisenhower
    US General and POTUS
    DouglasMacArthur
    General who commanded in Pacific Theatre
    ChesterWNimitz
    Used aircraft carriers to destroy Japans navy
    NavajoCodeTalkers
    Fast communicators who knew code language
    TuskegeeAirmen
    Elite African American pilots
    FlyingTigers
    Planes with shark mouths
    TheManhattanProject
    Research on nukes
    RosietheRiveter
    Female factory worker
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII
  • “D-Day” - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • The atomic bomb, “Little Boy” is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan (August 6)

  • The atomic bomb, “Fat Man” is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II (August 9)

  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Korean War starts

  • Sweatt v. Painter

    Ruled the separate law school at the University of Texas failed to qualify as “separate but equal”
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegregation
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Mexican Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th Amendment
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks’ arrest

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Little Rock Nine integrated into an all-white school in Little Rock, AK

  • Bay of Pigs Invasion in Cuba

  • Berlin Wall built to prevent people from leaving communist East Berlin

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream Speech” at the March on Washington

  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, TX

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Begins undeclared war in Vietnam
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required employers to hire on an equal opportunity basis
  • 24th Amendment

    Abolishes the poll tax
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • Tet Offensive

  • Martin Luther King is assassinated

  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
  • First Man on the Moon

  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools
  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    Moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • Title IX

    Protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs
  • War Powers Act

    Law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century