19th century canada 1

Upper and Lower Canada 1814 - 1885

  • Signing of the Treaty of Ghent

    Signing of the Treaty of Ghent
    Signing of the Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo brings the Napoleonic Wars to an end.
  • Victoria ascends British throne

    Victoria ascends British throne
    Queen Victoria would reign for 64 years. Her influence spread far beyond the United Kingdom.
  • Rebellion in Lower Canada

    Rebellion in Lower Canada
    Resentment of government control and policies flares into open rebellion.
  • Rebellion in Upper Canada

    Rebellion in Upper Canada
    William Lyon Mackenzie leads a short-lived rebellion in York.
  • Lord Durham arrives.

    Lord Durham arrives.
    Lord Durham arrives from Great Britain to investigate the situation in the Canadas. His report moves the colonies towards union.
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    the Act of Union unites Upper and Lower Canada.
  • Irish Potato Famine

    Irish Potato Famine
    Beginning in 1845, until 1852, a series of crop failures meant that most Irish people came to the brink of starvation. Many thousands emigrated to Canada to flee poverty and famine.
  • Underground Railway

    Underground Railway
    From 1861 to 1865 the Underground Railway brings escaped slaves to freedom in Canada during the American Civil War.
  • Confederation of Canada

    Confederation of Canada
    The British North American (BNA) Act, passed in the British Parliament in March, creates the Dominion of Canada. John A. Macdonald is the first Prime Minister.
  • Red River Resistance

    Red River Resistance
    Louis Riel leads the Metis in the Red River resistance, advocating Metis rights and independence. Riel leaves Canada after the resistance subsides.
  • Northwest Rebellion

    Northwest Rebellion
    The Northwest Rebellion pits the Metis and several First Nations against federal troops transported by the CPR. The Metis and First Nations are defeated at the Battle of Batouche.
  • CPR completed

    CPR completed
    The last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway is driven at Craigellachie, British Columbia.
  • Riel executed

    Riel executed
    Louis Riel is hanged at Regina.