Unit 7 (Part 3, 1890-1945)

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    Gold Reserve Act

    Gold Reserve Act
    The price of gold was raised to the amount the economy needed to help the recovery which worked successfully to help the rise of the economy.
  • Negro World Newspaper Begins in NY

    Negro World Newspaper Begins in NY
    This newspaper helped spread the ideas of Marcus Garvey and the UNIA which contributed to the occurances of African Americans expressing their identity during the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Seattle and Steel Strikes

    Seattle and Steel Strikes
    Although the strikes were unsuccessful, these large scale strikes coupled with the Communist Revolution that occurred recently caused many Americans to fear for the class conflicts occuring during the time and hurt workers unions.
  • J Edgar Hoover Arrest Radicals

    J Edgar Hoover Arrest Radicals
    With the thousands of arrests of radicals and possible enemies of capitalism, the free market was safe to expand and prosper without too much internal interference duting this time.
  • 18th Amendment Goes Into Effect

    18th Amendment Goes Into Effect
    This amendment forbade the sale of alcohol, leading to political and social conflict throughout the twenties along with the rise in famous criminals such as Al Capone.
  • Farm Failures

    Farm Failures
    Farms began to foreclose and farmers ran into difficult times as crop prices dropped substantially, leaving rural areas far behind urban areas.
  • Jazz Age Begins

    Jazz Age Begins
    Jazz music and dance were created and gained large scale popularity in 1920s American culture, existing to this day.
  • Advertising

    As the advertising industy began to take shape, more demand for products began to also flourish, stimulating the economy of the time with the desire for products.
  • Great Migration of the 1920's

    Great Migration of the 1920's
    The mass migration of blacks from the rural South to the North led to a decline in the amount of blacks in the South while establishing many African-American communities in the North, broadening their identity and sense of community.
  • Republicans Dominate Presidency

    Republicans Dominate Presidency
    The Republican Party dominated the presidency during the 1920s, who believed in very little regulation of business and a hands off approach to the economy in general.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    This movement gave blacks a sense of community and a greater sense of racial conciousness, leading to the Civil Rights movements of the 50s and 60s.
  • Low Automobile Prices

    Low Automobile Prices
    With very low automobile prices in the 1920s, cars became extremely popular and basically a necessity, also leading to booms in businesses such as motels.
  • Lambeth Proposals

    Lambeth Proposals
    The Sixth Lambeth Conference occured which included the Anglican Church deciding to become more unified with other denominations, helping unify Protestant America.
  • Mellon Plan

    Mellon Plan
    Andrew Mellon's plan as Secretary of the Treasury to cut Federal taxes on the rich helped the boom time of the twenties and lowered the public debt that had been accrued during WWI.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    After Secretary Albert Bacon Fall was convicted of accepting bribes, the integrity and popularity of the entire Harding adminstration was soiled.
  • Emergency Quota Act Created

    Emergency Quota Act Created
    This act lowered the amount of immigrants allowed from certain areas, lowering the overall amount of immigrants admitted into the US during the 20s.
  • The Negro Speaks of Rivers Published

    The Negro Speaks of Rivers Published
    This poem, along with many others published by Langston Hughes during the 20s, were examples of flourishing African American identity and the growth of the movements for racial equality.
  • World Series Broadcast

    World Series Broadcast
    With the first radio broadcast of the world series, the sport was able to reach to more people, popularize the radio and help establish the sport as the national past time.
  • Babbit Published

    Babbit Published
    This book by Sinclair Lewis criticised the conformity of those in the middle class, leading to his winning of the Nobel Prize in 1930.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
    Raising the tariff, the American economy was greatly helped, but European economies were hurt, assisting Hitler's rise to power in the 30s.
  • The Waste Land Published

    The Waste Land Published
    This poem by T.S. Eliot is considered an very important piece of literature in modernist poetry and talks about the moral and spiritual decay of the world.
  • John W. Davis Run on Democrat Ticket

    John W. Davis Run on Democrat Ticket
    Being a conservative, many liberal democrats backed La Follette of the Progressive Party instead, splitting the Democrat vote and alowing Coolidge to win the election.
  • Immigration Act of 1924

    Immigration Act of 1924
    Superceding the Emergency Quota Act, this act lowered the amount of immigrants allowed from southern and eastern europe even further and banned arabs and asians, lowering the amount of immigration and keeping numbers of asians and arabs in the US low for years to come.
  • The Great Gatsby is Published

    The Great Gatsby is Published
    Telling the story of the American Dream and the risks and pitfalls of achieving it, the book was largely unappreciated in its time but has become a well known and popular classic over time.
  • Art Deco

    Art Deco
    The introduction of Art Deco to America made the art style very popular in the 20s, influencing everything from furniture to building design.
  • The New Negro Published

    The New Negro Published
    This anthology of African-American literature and art is seen as a important document of the Harlem Renaissance, inspiring the event towards the push of the movement of reconginizing African American identity.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    This debate over teaching evolution in schools caused much disruption in the public view of religion and was a direct challenge to Christianity.
  • The Sun Also Rises is Published

    The Sun Also Rises is Published
    Seen as an iconic modernist novel, this book was seen as Hemingways best and was popular both then and now.
  • The Sun Also Rises is Published

    The Sun Also Rises is Published
    Seen as an iconic modernist novel, this book was seen as Hemingways best and was popular both then and now.
  • Al Smith Runs for President

    Al Smith Runs for President
    Being a supporter of prohibition and a Roman Catholic, Smith was doomed to lose on the Democrat ticket due to anti-Catholic and anti-prohibition during the time, allowing Hoover to win.
  • Kellog-Brand Pact

    Kellog-Brand Pact
    This international agreement, although attempting to keep peace, did little to enforce it, allowing WWII to occur later on.
  • The Sound and the Fury is Published

    The Sound and the Fury is Published
    This book became very influential to literature, considered a essential to the stream-of-consciousness technique of literature.
  • Black Monday

    Black Monday
    With the drop of the Dow and panic of being unable to view stock prices and clogging of telephones, people began to sell their stocks and led to the crash of the stock market a day later.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    With the crash of the Stock Market, all civilized coutries were damaged and the economies of all the western nations were severly hurt for years to come as the world declined into the Great Depression.
  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff

    Hawley-Smoot Tariff
    This Tariff raised the taxes on imports to increase purchase of American products but backfired and cause American exports to have difficulty.
  • Hoover Dam Begins Construction

    Hoover Dam Begins Construction
    Hoover decided to have the Hoover Dam built on the Colorado River in order to provide work for people and get contracts with construction companies to try and stimulate the economy.
  • Glass-Steagall Act

    Glass-Steagall Act
    This act worked to regulate speculation of commercial banks and created the FDIC, increasing the American confidence in banks and raising deposits.
  • Securities Act

    Securities Act
    Firms were required to disclose balance sheets and such to the government in order to help prevent a crash like that of 1929.
  • Emergency Banking Act

    Emergency Banking Act
    Trustworthy banks were opened up, leading to people depositing and the stabilization of the banking system.
  • Economy Act

    Economy Act
    This act cut government salaries and veteran pensions, saving alot of money for the government and convincing America that FDR was a fiscal conservative.
  • 21st Amendment Passed

    21st Amendment Passed
    Wih the passage of the 21st Amendment, the 18th Amendment was repealed, leading to a decrease in funding to organized crime gangs from alcohol smuggling and was a very popular amendment amongst Americans.
  • Reciprocal Tariff Act

    Reciprocal Tariff Act
    This act have Roosevely the ability to keep trade policy liberal around the world, keeping the US as a popular trade partner to this day.
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security Act
    Creating a pension system and welfare system among other things, Social Security helped to reduce the poverty rate and give people a safety net.
  • Wagner Act

    Wagner Act
    Allowing workers to perform collective bargaining through union, workers were able to earn fairer wages and conditions on their own by dealing with their employers.
  • Revenue Act

    Revenue Act
    This act taxed those making over 5 million dollars at a rate of 79%, enacted primarily for Roosevelt to win supporters rather than gain money.
  • Black Sunday

    Black Sunday
    The Black Sunday storm of the Dust Bowl was the most fierce, causing relocation of thousands of Americans, many of whick fled to California, taxing the state's health.
  • Works Progress Administration Formed

    Works Progress Administration Formed
    This program got American citizens back into the workforce by creating government jobs on projects such as school and hospital building.
  • Undistributed Profits Tax

    Undistributed Profits Tax
    Although designed to get money back into the hands of the American people, this tax was seen as a burden on business growrh and eventually repealed.
  • Soil Conservation Act

    Soil Conservation Act
    In response to the Dust Bowl, this act was passed, successfully leading to a reduction in soil erosion to prevent the occurance of major dust storms again.
  • Housing Act

    Housing Act
    This act lent money to states and communities to built low cost housing, wotking to eliminate the poor slums of America.
  • Fair Labor Standards

    Fair Labor Standards
    Creating a minimum wage and maximum working hours, the working wages and lives of many Americans was greatly increased.