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Period 7 (Part 3)

  • W.E.B. Du Bois

    In 1910, Du Bois accepted the directorship of the recently-formed NAACP and worked there for 24 years.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    An intellectual, social, and artistic explosion centered in Harlem, New York, also known as the "New Negro Movement"
  • Palmer Raids

    Palmer raids were a series of violent and abusive law-enforcement raids directed at leftist radicals and anarchists
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    Many in the United States feared recent immigrants and dissidents, particularly those who embraced communist, socialist, or anarchist ideology.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    Prohibited the manufacture, transportation and sale of alcohol.
  • Election of 1920

    Election of 1920
    The election of 1920 was dominated by the aftermath of World War I and the hostile reaction to Woodrow Wilson. Warren G. Harding won.
  • The Roaring 20s

    The Roaring 20s
    Following the end of World War I, the industrial might of the United States was unleashed for domestic, peaceful purposes. Within a few short years, an economic shift took place as the economy transitioned from wartime production to peacetime production.
  • Consumerism

    Consumerism came into its own throughout the 1920s as a result of mass production, new products on the market, and improved advertising techniques.
  • 1920-21 Depression

    1920-21 Depression
    A small economic depression followed up by rapid economic growth.
  • The Jazz Age

    The Jazz Age
    As the 1920s progressed, jazz rose in popularity and helped to generate a cultural shift. Because of its popularity in speakeasies, illegal nightclubs where alcohol was sold during Prohibition, and its proliferation due to the emergence of more advanced recording devices, jazz became very popular in a short amount of time, with stars including Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, and Chick Webb.
  • Art Deco

    Art Deco
    Art Deco was a dominant design style of the 1920s artistic era that also was influenced by the Dada, Expressionist, and Surrealist movements.
  • Golden Age of Hollywood

    Golden Age of Hollywood
    The 1920s are often referred to as the “Golden Age of Hollywood,” with “talkies” and the first all-color features replacing silent films.
  • The Jazz Age

    The Jazz Age
    The Jazz Age was a cultural period and movement that took place in America during the 1920s from which both new styles of music and dance emerged. Largely credited to African Americans employing new musical techniques along with traditional African traditions, jazz soon expanded to America’s white middle class.
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    Hundreds of thousands of African Americans relocated to cities like Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit, Philadelphia, and New York.
  • Fundementalism

    Disagreed with teaching of evolution in schools. A revival of Christian faith and also helped rebirth the KKK
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    declared the production, transport, and sale of intoxicating liquors illegal, though it did not outlaw the actual consumption of alcohol. Shortly after the amendment was ratified, Congress passed the Volstead Act to provide for the federal enforcement of Prohibition.
  • The Emergency Quota Act

    The Emergency Quota Act
    This legislation restricted new immigration to 3 percent of the number of residents per year from their country of origin already living in the United States.
  • Fordney – McCumber Tarriff Act

    Fordney – McCumber Tarriff Act
    Passed to help American businesses by increasing taxes on foreign goods coming into the USA.
  • First All-Color Movie

    First All-Color Movie
    The first all-color feature, The Toll of the Sea, was released in 1922, with the next big leap coming in 1926 with the Warner Brothers Pictures (later shortened to Warner Bros.) release of Don Juan, the first feature with sound effects and music.
  • The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot

    The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot
    The ultimate indictment of the modern world's loss of personal, moral, and spiritual values.
  • Coolidge Prosperity

    Coolidge Prosperity
    Coolidge slashed taxes and supported legislation that encouraged private business.
  • Duke Ellington

    Duke Ellington
    Was an American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death over a career spanning more than fifty years.
  • Election of 1924

    Election of 1924
    Was won by President Calvin Coolidge in a landslide as he presided over a booming economy at home and no visible crises abroad.
  • Immigration Act of 1924

    Immigration Act of 1924
    Limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota.
  • The New Negro by Alain Locke

    The New Negro by Alain Locke
    A hopeful look at the future for African Americans in America.
  • The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

    The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
    A story of thwarted love that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional towns of West Egg and East Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922.
  • Monkey Trial

    Monkey Trial
    Debate over evolution, and whether an irreconcilable divide existed between religion and science.
  • The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway

    The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway
    Portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights.
  • First Talkie

    First Talkie
    In 1927, Warner Bros. released The Jazz Singer, the first sound feature to include limited talking sequences. This release arguably launched what came to be known as the “Golden Age of Hollywood.”
  • Strange Interlude by Eugene O'Neill

    Strange Interlude by Eugene O'Neill
    An experimental play in nine acts.
  • Laissez-Faire Economics

    Hoover believed an economy based on capitalism would self-correct. He felt that economic assistance would make people stop working. He believed business prosperity would trickle down to the average person. This philosophy was not effective against the depression.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    The stock market crashed, wiping out 40 percent of the paper values of common stock.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    It began after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.
  • Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act

    Hoover protected businesses by signing the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act. It was supposed to protect farmers but ended up imposing 40 percent tariffs on 900 products. That year, the nation's gross domestic product fell 8.5 percent. The unemployment rate was 8.7 percent.
  • Start of Dust Bowl

    Start of Dust Bowl
    Was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol.
  • National Industrial Recovery Act

    National Industrial Recovery Act
    Created National Recovery Administration (NRA) and legalized industry collaboration for price controls and collective bargaining for labor.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act

    Agricultural Adjustment Act
    Created Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) and introduced measures to reduce crop supply, stabilize prices and support farm incomes.
  • Emergency Banking Relief Act

    Emergency Banking Relief Act
    Gave the president emergency powers over the US banking system, under which he called a ‘bank holiday’ to allow evaluation of all banks and closure of insolvent ones.
  • Glass-Steagall Banking Act

    Glass-Steagall Banking Act
    Created Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure personal bank accounts and separated commercial from investment banking – The ‘Firewall.’
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    Insured bank deposits against bank failure, up to a certain level.
  • Securities Act

    Securities Act
    First major federal legislation to regulate the offer and sale of securities.
  • Indian Reorganization Act

    Indian Reorganization Act
    Land returned or added to tribal holdings, development of tribal businesses promoted, a system of credit established, a return to self-governance.
  • Virgin Islands Company

    Virgin Islands Company
    Rehabilitated the sugar and rum industries of the Virgin Islands; reduced unemployment; provided various farm services and loan programs; coordinated with a homesteading program.
  • Gold Reserve Act

    Gold Reserve Act
    Called in all private gold and created a government hoard (Fort Knox).
  • Securities Exchange Act

    Securities Exchange Act
    Law governing the secondary trading of securities in the United States of America.
  • Income and Wealth Taxes

    Income and Wealth Taxes
    Greater emphasis on progressive taxation and taxation on wealth; consistent revenue increases achieved.
  • Banking Act

    Banking Act
    Restructured and centralized the Federal Reserve Bank.
  • Soil Conservation Act

    Soil Conservation Act
    United States federal law that allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to conserve soil and prevent erosion.
  • U.S. Travel Bureau

    U.S. Travel Bureau
    Helped increase recreational travel & tourism within the United States.