Brought over from Jamaica and he advocated for racial rights for African Americans and political stands for black nationalism.
A playwright that expressed the materialistic culture of the business culture.
T. S. Eliot
A poet that expressed the unhappy time visiting Europe likewise the Hemingway.
The Jazz Age
Made by African Americans and became popular in many cities. All ages enjoyed and was on the radio
The first radio station was broadcast to a small audience, later it was listened by many in 1930.
A painter that take in American architecture in the city as an inspiration and interpreted the art as isolation.
Known for its group of poets, actors, writers, artists, and musicians and their achievements.
He is a jazz musician that contributed to the Jazz Age during the Roaring 20's.
A jazz musician that contributed to the Jazz Age during the Roaring 20's.
It is so that tasks are done faster, safer, easier for the society that is constantly working.
Impact of Automobile
Many people started to buy cars because it is an easier way o transport which impacted the economy positively.
They take the historical aspect and critical views of the Bible and believe to accept Darwinism without changing their faith.
Known for his collective poems in the 20s in the plays Eugene O'Neill.
It encouraged buying and owning goods which contributed to the Roaring 20s.
Parts are added and go through from station to station using machines for mass production
Protestant preachers of rural areas opposed to modernists by teaching everything in the Bible by its literal meaning. Known for creationism, which is God created the universe in seven days stated in Book of Genesis.
Contributed to revolutionizing factories by creating the idea of the assembly line for mass production.
Case of Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italian immigrants convicted for robbery and murder because they were poor and anarchists, which was against the government. Many debate that they were innocent but others do not think so. They were later executed.
It involved President Warren G. Harding that a secret of federal oil by interior secretary.
Bureau of the Budget
From the executive branch and it helps in organizing the federal budget for the president and oversee budget administration.
It was meant to protect factories and farms by increase tariffs of imported goods and it encouraged more foreign trades.
The Election of 1924
Calvin Coolidge was elected as a Republican leader against Progressive leader Robert LaFolette
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Known for his book "The Great Gatsby", it celebrated the glamorous days of the Roaring Twenties.
"I, Too" was written by him and influenced equality and patriotism.
Known for his book "The Sun Also Rises" and it is about Americans and British going to Paris to experience bullfighting. It was widely read in the '20s.
Movies became popular and many actresses portrayed as glamorous and full of sex appeal; some are Greta Garbo and Rudolf Valentino
Sports was loved by many because of its role in the movies. Some of the popular superstars were Jack Dempsey, Gertrude Ederle, and Babe Ruth.
Due to the influx of immigrants, there is a restriction that restricted Europeans and Asians. This law was made based on nativists' view on favorable groups. It did not limit Canadians and Latin Americans.
Vetoes and Inaction
President Coolidge did not accept bonuses for veterans and vetoed bill ( McNary-Haugen Bill of 1928)to help farmers because of the decreasing crop rate.
Cause of the Crash
Wages were lower than the increasing production and profits as the top 5% gain almost 33% of the income.
Excessive Use of Credit
Individuals and businesses increasingly borrow and installment buying and the increasing lowering of interest rate.
Federal Farm Board
It helps farmers to stabilize prices by holding surplus of grain cotton in storage.
The Republican Congress set the highest tariff rates ranging 31-49%.
Although the 18th Amendment was enforced; however, there were an increase of criminal acts. The Democrats were split because the North favor alcohol and the South did not.
It repealed the 18th Amendment which ended the Prohibition era.
The Emergency Banking Relief Act
It gave authorization to the government to examine finances of banks during bank holiday.
The Glass-Steagall Act
It increase the regulation in banks and less investments on the individual's money. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) guaranteed bank deposits. Can no longer trade money for gold.
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
It employed young men on federal land projects to support their family with small amount of money.
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
The government corporations hired many people in the Tennessee Valley to build dams, operate electric power plants, control flooding and erosion, and manufacture fertilizer.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Have farmers reduce their production by paying government subsidies for every acres.
The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC)
To prevent further foreclosures, it refinanced smaller homes.
The Farm Credit Administration
To prevent foreclosures in debted areas, it provided low interest farm loans and mortgages.
The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
Federal money was used to aid local government to support kitchens or facilities that help the jobless and homeless
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
Attempt to create equal wages, hours, reasonable profit for businesses. It was in charged by Hugh Johnson.
The Civil Works Administration (CWA)
The federal government sponsored temporary constructions.
The Public Works Administration (PWA)
Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes created jobs for many by supporting money to state and local governments to build roads, bridges, dams, and other labor jobs.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
It was meant to give more jobs to people; most jobs include building bridges, roads, airports, and public buildings.
Resettlement Administration (RA)
Under one of the Brain Trusts (Rexford Tugwell) it provided loans for sharecroppers, tenants, and small farmers. Provide housing for migrants.
Soil Conservation Service
It teaches farmers to subsidize plains farmers to rotate crops, terrace field, use a different plow techniques, and plant in a way to stop soil erosion and conserve water.
National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
It replaced the National Industrial Recovery Act and it allowed workers to join the union and the union's right to bargain. It outlawed unfair treatment in businesses. The National Labor
Relations Board (NLRB) was enforced to protect laborers.
"The Grapes of Wrath"
Written by John Steinbeck that depicted economic struggles in the Great Plains during the Dust Bowl.