preached the gospel of efficient management of production time and costs, the proper routing and scheduling of work, standardization of tools and equipment, and the like.
Claude McKay (Lit)
A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem "If We Must Die" after the Chicago riot of 1919.
Passing of 18th Amendment
This prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol between 1920 -1933.
Lost Generation (culture)
the generation of writers, artists, musicians, and intellectuals that came of age during the First World War; many expressed doubt and cynicism in their works.
Warren Harding (poli)
Republican senator from Ohio who won presidential election of 1920. He aimed to help government guide business along path to profits but died in 1923 of pneumonia
Teapot Dome Scandal (poli)
A government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company
Emergency Quota Law of 1921
The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 3% of the number of persons from that country living in the United States in 1910.
Centered on the complete teaching of the Bible and nothing else. This caused conflict by that their teachings were different from modernists.
Fordney-McCumber Act Tariff Act of 1922 (econ)
a law that raised American tariffs on many imported goods to protect factories and farms.
Harlem Renaissance (AA)
a period in the 1920s when African-American pride, culture, and achievements in art and music and literature flourished in Harlem, NY
Modernists believed in Darwin's teaching of evolution, while still staying true to the Bible.
Cotton Club (AA)
One of the most famous Harlem nightspots with live jazz music and alcohol. Showed commerical African American prosperity was possible.
Calvin Coolidge (poli)
sworn into office after death of Harding, in 1923. He believed/practied laissez faire ideology
Marcus Garvey (AA)
Political leader from Harlem who advocated racial pride, economic self-sufficiency and founded United Negro Improvement Association to promote resettlement of Blacks in the "homeland"
McNary-Haugen Bill (econ)
bill that sought to keep agricultural prices high by allowing the government to buy surpluses and sell them abroad. It was vetoed by Coolidge twice.
Immigration Act of 1924
Federal law limiting the number of immigrants that could be admitted from any country to 2% of the amount of people from that country who were already living in the U.S. as of the census of 1890.
Al Capone (culture)
Most famous leader of organized violence, who was eventually convicted for tax evasion
Scopes Trial (culture)
Trial that convicted John T. Scopes after he was convinced by ACLU to teach Darwinian evolutionism in a Tennesee biology class. He was convicted but the ruling was overturned by a higher court due to technicality.
The Great Gatsby (Lit)
A novel depicting the idealistic idea of the self made American man and enterpreneur who rose to wealth. It was written by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Louis Armstrong (AA)
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians (scat)
F Scott Fitzgerald (Lit)
a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age. His novel The Great Gatsby is considered a masterpiece.
Countee Cullen (AA)
wrote "Any Human to Another," "Color," and "The Ballad of the Brown Girl" who was one of the leading African-American poets of his time
Charles Lindbergh (culture)
First man to fly across Atlantic, from New York to Paris, for a prize of $25k, in 1927 and was warmly celebrated and regarded as hero
The Jazz Singer (culture)
1927 film that brought in new era of sound and color movies and also exemplified popularity of jazz music.
Herbert Hoover (poli)
won presidential election of 1928, but lost to Franklin D Roosevelt in 1932. His presidency was notably marked by the stock market crash of 1929 and the beginnings of the Great Depression.
Kellogg Briand Pact (econ)
pact between France and US that criticized war, called for a limitation of arms, and prohibited the use of war as an "instrument of national policy"
Lots of people sold their stock + prices went way down. To stabilize stock, a group of bankers bought millions in stock.
Federal Farm Board (poli)
had a revolving fund of 1/2 a billion dollars at disposal and lent money to farm organizations seeking to buy/sell and store agricultural surpluses
Stock Market Crash
The steep fall in the prices of stocks due to widespread financial panic. It was caused by stock brokers who called in the loans they had made to stock investors. Many people lost their entire life savings as many financial institutions went bankrupt.
Ernest Hemingway (Lit)
an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature known for his novel A Farewell to Arms
Trickle Down Economics
help the rich instead of the common people. If the rich get richer, their investments supposedly will lead businesses to expand, and some of that money will trickle down to the people in the form of jobs and salaries.
Hawley Smoot Tariff (econ)
tariff that originally granted moderate protection of farmers but had 60% average on goods that weren't duty free. It fueled international depression as other nations followed the US.
Sinclair Lewis (Lit)
American novelist who attacked American society with irony and was the first American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1930
shantytowns on the outskirts of a city where the homeless gathered. a sign of trouble for Herbert Hoover.
severe drought swept midwest in 1930's with high winds that blew away crops + farmable top soil. Many moved to Cali in search of farm or factory work.
Federal Securities Act
required corporations to provide complete information on all stock offerings and made them liable for any misrepresentations
Agricultural Adjustment Act
restricted crop production to reduce crop surplus. The goal was to reduce surplus to raise value of crops.
Civilian Conservation Corps
reduced poverty/unemployment, helped young men and families and young men go to rural camps for 6 months to do construction work
National Industrial Recovery Act
A New Deal legislation that focused on the employment of the unemployed and the regulation of unfair business ethics.
21st Amendment ratified
Under POTUS F. D. Roosevelt. The 21st Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment of January 16, 1919, ending the increasingly unpopular nationwide prohibition of alcohol.
Glass Steagall Act
established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and included banking reforms, some of which were designed to control speculation
Indian Reorganization Act
Ended the sale of tribal lands (begun under the Dawes Act) and helped restore some land to Indian owners; encouraged tribes to restore local tradition and self-government.
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
Withdrew acreage from production by paying farmers to plant soil-conserving crops or to let their land lie fallow - emphasis on conservation.
National Youth Administration
provided education jobs counseling and recreation for young people. part time positions at schools for students allowed for aid in HS, college, and grad school and gave part time jobs for dropouts.
Social Security Act
guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
Public Utility Holding Company Act
Put an end to the supergrowth of corporations created by public utility holding companies, expect where "economically needful."
Legalized union practices (collective bargaining), outlawed spying on union activities and blacklisting, and created the NLRB.
Farm Security Administration
Loaned more than $1 million to farmers and set up camps for tenant farmers and replaced Resettlement Administration.
Fair Labor Standards Act
Banned child labor, established a minimum wage for all workers covered under the act.
The Grapes of Wrath (dust bowl)
Book by John Steinbeck that followed a family who was affected by the Dust Bowl in the Midwest and moves to California.