Roaring New Depression

  • The KKK

    The KKK
    The revival of the KKK took place in Georgia (1915) during a time when nativism was again surging. Blacks, Catholics, immigrants, and Jews.
  • Foreign Policy

    Foreign Policy
    Questions of prohibition were large in the conversational loop. The enforcers of the law were mainly Republicans and northerners, whose large amount of immigrants who did take the brew made sure to keep the prohibitionist ways out. The anti-Catholic south voted the other direction, holding on to their set ways.
  • The Red Scare

    The Red Scare
    The fear of communism coming to the America's caused widespread superstition of anyone from Eastern Europe, and the already exclusive America took steps to stop these undesirables" from coming across the pond.
  • Sacco and Vanzetti Trial

    Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
    Both were immigrants who were open anarchists. Both were also accused of robbery and murder; outcries came that their confinement came from their beliefs and backgrounds, not the actual doing of the crime.
  • WOOO-men

    Women were becoming more and more risque, with flapper dresses and other styles such as the stated.
  • Universal Negro Improvement Association

    Universal Negro Improvement Association
    This association was started by Marcus Garvey; they instilled black grocery stores, restaurants, and even a steam ship.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The spur of artists, writers, and other creative blacks migrating to Harlem, NY; Langston Hughes, Claude McKay and more.
  • Main Street

    Main Street
    This was a critique of small town life and principles by Sinclair Lewis.
  • Dollars and Drains

    Dollars and Drains
    The businesses began encouraging installment payments instead of saving before buying one thing, which drained American savings and piled up American debt.
  • Women+God

    In the post war times and into the Great Depression, woman took and maintained hold in the church; their numbers docked the highest and the mid 30's and up was the average age range.
  • Speakeasies

    These places were formed in order to push back against the prohibition era; the selling of alcohol illegally
  • This Side of Paradise

    This Side of Paradise
    Fitzgerald claimed that the post war children had grown up in a world where "all gods were dead", painting what the common opinion was among the adults at the time.
  • Andrew Melllon

    Andrew Melllon
    Mellon serves from 10 years and 11 months as the Secretary of Treasury; he pulled America out of over 10 billion dollars worth of debt; he also made sure to protect the American businessman.
  • New Literary Outlets

    New Literary Outlets
    The Readers' Digest covered articles from various sources, which helped one keep up with current events while NYC's Daily Mirror or Daily News covered tabloid-like material.
  • Quota Act

    Quota Act
    Set the amount of immigrants allowed in the states to 350,000 (worked by only allowing 3% of the current population from a region into the states).
  • Baseball

    The invention of the radio and the widespread releases of newspapers allowed for the sport to flourish into a national phenomenon.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
    This was a tariff which raised the duties of farmers, removed items from the free lists, and increased interest rates, all in order to shield the country from foreign competition.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    This scandal was on the cabinet Warren Harding; his Secretary of Interior was leasing oil wells exclusively to private businesses for small "loans".
  • The Election of 1924

    The Election of 1924
    This election pitted the Progressive Party who had Robert Follete as their head, John W. Davis of the Democrats, and Calvin Coolidge of the Republican's against each other.
    "The business of America is business."
  • McNary-Haugen Bill

    McNary-Haugen Bill
    Farmers had overproduced, so this bill was introduced in order to encourage the government to purchase the surpluses to hold until it was needed or to sell the wheat to foreign markets.
  • All God's Chillun Got Wings

    All God's Chillun Got Wings
    The play was constructed to show the relations between a black man and a white woman, not only a literary hurdle but a racial hurdle as well; Eugene O' Neill.
  • National Origins Act

    National Origins Act
    Limited the immigration even more to 150,000 people a year, with a 2% ratio depending on how many people from a certain area were already there; cut immigration from the "hotbeds of radicalism" (Russia, Italy, Poland, eastern Europe as a whole).
  • John Scopes Trial

    John Scopes Trial
    Evolution was illegal to teach in certain states when a revival of the fundamentalist thinking of the church returned. John Scopes was found guilty of the crime and fined 100$.
  • The Man Nobody Knows

    The Man Nobody Knows
    A book written that portrayed Jesus as a master salesman and Christianity as a mass marketing campaign. (Bruce Fairchild Barton)
  • The Breeding of New Ideas

    The Breeding of New Ideas
    While America wasn't as stringent on the regulation as they had been previously, there was a support of new markets which came up during the time; civil aviation was created by the bidding of U.S. Mail responsibilities to private companies. (Air Commerce Act of 1926)
  • The Sun Also Rises

    The Sun Also Rises
    This book covered the life of expatriate Americans who were living in France and Spain during postwar times. (Ernest Hemingway)
  • The Election of Hoover (1928)

    The Election of Hoover (1928)
    This man won by a landslide due to the religious views and anti-prohibitionist ways of the Democratic candidate Al Smith. (Characterization of the period: A lot of strong changes/impressions were made, such a Hoover's work in Food Administration and with war relief.)
  • Agricultural Act of 1929

    Agricultural Act of 1929
    From the federal farm loan fund, this act made it to where one half of a billion dollars would continue on revolving credit, that way crop prices would remain stable and agriculture could be promoted.
  • Jesus Who?

    Jesus Who?
    During the Depression times, the attendence to church may have fluctuated, but in relation to the population, there was hardly any new membership to be seen; in fact, the 30's continued to see a dip in numbers.
  • "Don't Fire EM'!"

    "Don't Fire EM'!"
    A policy of Herbert Hoover's: That corporations should not lay off their workers so that they an individual may be able to keep their buying power; impractical because in a falling economy, the demand and prices fell as well; workers had to be laid off and unemployment rose.
  • Training and Feds

    Training and Feds
    In the prison system, Herbert implemented a requirement that prison employees have extensive training, and he allowed prisoners rights.
  • New Deal + African Americans

    New Deal + African Americans
    Though the New Deal helped a multitude, the majority of blacks dealt with the same tones of racism and discrimination in the Great Depression; Eleanor Roosevelt was an active advocate for the African American cause during this time.
  • Mi-grate

    A mass migration of blacks from the south to the north took hold; Chicago's African American population grew from 50,000 to 250,000.

    Above is the onomatopoeic sound that the farmers and their families likely made during the time of the dust bowl, when the surface farming that the middle America's had developed bit them in the backside; the overly irrigated soil and atmospheric conditions led to fleeing from countryside.
  • The Dirty Migration

    The Dirty Migration
    During the time of the Dust Bowl, over 2.5 million people left the plain states in search of solace from the hectic storms; about 250,000 moved to California alone.
  • Hispanics + Indians + The New Deal

    Hispanics + Indians + The New Deal
    Other minorities effected by the new deal were the Mexicans who migrated to the country (sent back due to mass unemployment) and the Indians, who were allowed to continue their old customs (Indian Reorganization Act {1936}.)
  • Supreme Court + New Deal Era

    Supreme Court + New Deal Era
    The supreme court during the new deal era was stated as follows: In the beginning, the board was more stringent; towards the middle, F.D.R. was able to get those sympathetic towards the New Deal policies onto the board; towards the end, the policies F.D.R. tried to erect were shot down due to the cohesion of republicans conservative democrats.
  • Glass-Steagall Act

    Glass-Steagall Act
    Made getting commercial credit easier and released 750 million dollars in gold to stimulate the economy.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    Insured deposits up to 5,000 dollars.
  • Farm Credit Act

    Farm Credit Act
    Extended protection to farmers so that they wouldn't go into foreclosure.
  • Public Works Administration

    Public Works Administration
    The admin earmarked 3.3 billion dollars for the improvement of public works ; "primed the pump".
  • Prohibition Who?

    Prohibition Who?
    In 1933, the prohibition era came to and end, since organized crime had formed in relation to the illegal brew. (Speakeasies, home brewed larger) ..."noble experiment."- Smith
  • Emergency Banking Reform Act

    Emergency Banking Reform Act
    The Act required that any banks that wanted to reopen had to be monetarily and fiscally sound; restored faith in the banking system.
  • Farmers Stop

    Farmers Stop
    F.D.R. took care of the problem where farmers produced more to make up for price drops by paying the farmers not to plant more crops; staple crops like wheat, corn, tobacco and more curbed.
  • National Industrial Recovery Act

    National Industrial Recovery Act
    This act suspended the trust acts and instead enforced codes of fair competition in each of the industries; it recognized child labour, unions, and fair work days.
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    Dr. Francis Townsend adopted the ideas of the assassinated democratic candidate Huey Long. (Gave $200 a month to those over 60 who were retires or agreed to retire.)
  • Works Progress Administration

    Works Progress Administration
    The administration provided 8.5 million men and woman with jobs dealing with public works; the programs was even extended to artists on welfare.
  • C.I.O.

    The Committee for Industrial Organization was formed for the workers in steel plants and other populated areas of industry; the organization attracted the unskilled worker, and through frequent and sometimes violent strikes, was able to implement their goal.
  • U.S. versus Butler

    U.S. versus Butler
    The processing tax on the middle men in the WPA's operations was deemed unconstitutional.
  • Emergency Relief Appropiation Act

    Emergency Relief Appropiation Act
    The economy had been steadily climbing during the first half of the Great Depression, but in the spring of 37', the market took a huge plunge due to mass gov't cuts; the program above was created to fix this problem.
  • The Second Agricultural Adjustment Act

    The Second Agricultural Adjustment Act
    This was on of F.D.R.'s more successful programs, with farmers' being able to have surplus during down times and made loans to farmers in compensation of the overgrowth they had due to market prices dipping.
  • Wages and Hours Act

    Wages and Hours Act
    The Wages and Hours Act restricted 16 to being the age in which one could begin work and 18 fro hazardous work; the act also established an eight hour work day for those who worked for businesses that participated in or were affected by interstate commerce; overtime was to be paid as a time and a half.