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APUSH-Unit 7 (1890-1945)- Part 3

  • Dust Bowl- The Grapes of Wrath

    Dust Bowl- The Grapes of Wrath
    The story follows the fortunes of a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California. based on the great depression written by John Steinbeck.
  • 1920's Culture- Model T

    1920's Culture- Model T
    Ford car; used the assembly line; massed produced, more available to the average person.
  • 1920's Culture- Sports

    1920's Culture- Sports
    Large crowds gathered to watch sporting events for the first time (baseball, boxing, golf, etc.)
  • 1920's African American Identity- United Negro Improvement Association

    1920's African American Identity- United Negro Improvement Association
    Founded by Marcus Garvey to promote resettlement of American blacks in African homeland; sponsored stores and business to make money, but many efforts failed financially; helped to inspire blacks to gain self-confidence and self-reliance
  • 1920's African American Identity- Marcus Garvey

    1920's African American Identity- Marcus Garvey
    head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association; urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business.
  • 1920's Literature- T.S. Elliot

    1920's Literature- T.S. Elliot
    Poet, dramatist, literary critic, editor. Modernism
    "the love song of j. alfred prufrock".nobel prize in literature in 1948
  • 1920's Politics- Margaret Sanger

    1920's Politics- Margaret Sanger
    An advocate of birth control that led to a growing acceptance of its use in the 1920s.
  • 1920's Politics Red Scare

    1920's Politics Red Scare
    The American public was scared that communism would come into the US. Left-winged supporters were suspected. This fear of communism helped businessman who used it to stop labor strikes.
  • Prohibition- Volstead Act

    Prohibition- Volstead Act
    implemented the 18th Amendment. It established illegal alcohol at above .5%.
  • 1920's Politics-Prohibition

    1920's Politics-Prohibition
    the prevention by law of the manufacture and sale of alcohol between 1920 and 1933
  • 1920's Culture- Radio

    1920's Culture- Radio
    large networks were developed that helped broadcast radio programs to multiple stations
  • Prohibition- Speakeasy

    Prohibition- Speakeasy
    Illegal liquor store or bar
  • 1920's Politics- 19th Amendment

    1920's Politics- 19th Amendment
    gave women the right to vote, but little changed for them politically or economically; even though they could vote, many didn't
  • 1920's Economy- Farm Economy

    1920's Economy- Farm Economy
    not very prosperous to begin with; prices for crops kept going down, but living and working costs for farmers remained the same; many went into debt
  • Religion- Fundamentalism

    Religion- Fundamentalism
    A branch of Protestantism that came out of the split that occurred in the 1920s. Preachers condemned the modernists and taught that the Bible must be read literally.
  • 1920's Literature- Theodore Dreiser

    1920's Literature- Theodore Dreiser
    American novelist and journalist. Naturalist. Main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of firm moral code. Literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency.
  • 1920's African American Identity- Harlem Renaissance

    1920's African American Identity- Harlem Renaissance
    Harlem was largest African-American community in America, located in NYC; close community led to development of cultural center for actors, writers, poets, artists, musicians; promoted sense of unity and belonging among African-American community, helping to acclimate; included Langston Hughes, Louis Armstrong
  • 1920s Immigration- Restriction Acts

    1920s Immigration- Restriction Acts
    Created to favor old immigrants over new immigrants; based the number of immigrants let into the country on number of people from that area already in the US; 1921 let in 3% based on a later census; 1924 let in 2% based on an earlier census
  • Immigration- Socco/ Vanzetti Case

    Immigration- Socco/ Vanzetti Case
    Italian immigrants convicted of murder without solid evidence, mostly because they were anarchists.
  • 1920's Economy- Andrew Mellon

    1920's Economy- Andrew Mellon
    secretary of the treasury, created large tax cuts for the wealthy; promoted wealthy inequality
  • 1920's African American Identity- Josephine Baker

    1920's African American Identity- Josephine Baker
    Began in vaudeville as comedian, went to paris and took Charleston and black bottom with her, African American, more successful in Paris. African-American actress, singer, opera performer, first black women to star in major motion picture.
  • 1920's Politics- Teapot Dome Scandal

    1920's Politics- Teapot Dome Scandal
    bribery incident while Harding was president
  • 1920's Economy- Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act of 1922

    1920's Economy- Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act of 1922
    An act passed during the conservative Harding administration that increased tariff rates, especially on imported agricultural goods. It helped weaken the world economy and was a factor in causing the Great Depression.
  • 1920's Literature- H.L. Mencken

    1920's Literature- H.L. Mencken
    was a patron to many young writers in the 1920's. "Bad Boy of Baltimore". He criticized many subjects like the middle class, democracy, marriage and patriotism in his monthly AMERICAN MERCURY.
  • 1920's Economy- Dawes Plan

    1920's Economy- Dawes Plan
    A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
  • Religion- Scopes Trial

    Religion- Scopes Trial
    John Scopes was accused of purposely teaching evolution in a public school in Tennessee, which broke a state law; he was found guilty and fined
  • 1920's Literature- F. Scott Fitzgerald

    1920's Literature- F. Scott Fitzgerald
    Author who wrote The Great Gatsby and This Side of Paradise, both of which appealed to young readers.
  • 1920's Literature- Ernest Hemingway

    1920's Literature- Ernest Hemingway
    Popularized the term "the lost generation". American author and journalist. Nobel prize in literature in 1954. 1st novel=the sun also rises.
  • 1920's African American Identity- Langston Hughes

    1920's African American Identity- Langston Hughes
    Poet of Harlem Renaissance who wrote of struggles of African-Americans and discrminiation/segregation as well as of pride in balck identity; social activist who advocated black rights.
  • 1920's Culture- Talkies

    1920's Culture- Talkies
    movie with sound. marked the decline of silent films.
  • 1920's Culture- Movies

    1920's Culture- Movies
    movie theaters were being created in many towns; many Americans frequently went to see movies; movie industry became big.
  • 1920's Economy- Bull Market

    1920's Economy- Bull Market
    This term describes a situation in which the value of stocks is rising quickly.
  • Stock Market Crash- Black Tuesday

    Stock Market Crash- Black Tuesday
    The most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States. The crash signaled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    Overproduction (companies producing more good than were being purchased), Unemployment (companies laid off workers), Debt (people went into debt because they had no money to pay back loans), Speculation (buying on credit, assuming prices will go up & you'll make money), Banks lost money (they were invested in stock market), Farm prices dropped (after war, European countries planted crops - no longer needed our crops)
  • Herbert Hoover's Policies- Hawley-Smoot Tariff

    Herbert Hoover's Policies- Hawley-Smoot Tariff
    Raised rates on foreign products to 42%. Herbert Hoover supported higher tariff rates on agricultural and manufacturing imports like the Hawley-Smoot Tariff. a continuation of isolationism.
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    Parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas that were hit hard by dry topsoil and high winds that created blinding dust storms; this area of the Great Plains became called that because winds blew away crops and farms, and blew dust from Oklahoma to Albany, New York. Ruined farms and left many farmers with out crops and money.
  • Herbert Hoover's Policies- Reconstruction Finance Corporation

    Herbert Hoover's Policies- Reconstruction Finance Corporation
    This gave direct loans to institutions that were failing. Criticism at the time said that it was welfare for the rich. It would be a harbinger of policies to come under President Franklin D. Roosevelt but he too, at the time, criticized the measure. Hoover's hope was that money to institutions, like banks, would trickle down to the average working man and woman.
  • New Deal Programs- Hundred Days

    New Deal Programs- Hundred Days
    the special session of Congress that Roosevelt called to launch his New Deal programs. The special session lasted about three months: 100 days. , In 1933 Congress enacted more than a dozen measures which increased the level of federal involvement in the nation's economic life, these included the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Glass Stegal Act (FDIC), Agricultural Adjustment Act, Federal Emergency Relief Act, and the National Industrial Recovery Act.
  • New Deal Programs- Civilian Conservation Corps

    New Deal Programs- Civilian Conservation Corps
    Provided jobs for single males on conservation projects
  • New Deal Programs- Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)

    New Deal Programs- Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
    Helped states to provide aid for the unemployed
  • New Deal Programs- Civil Works Administration (CWA)

    New Deal Programs- Civil Works Administration (CWA)
    Provided work in federal jobs
  • New Deal Programs- Emergency Banking Relief Act (EBRA)

    New Deal Programs- Emergency Banking Relief Act (EBRA)
    Roosevelt declared a bank holiday and closed down all the banks to be inspected. Those that were considered stable could reopen while others that were in financial crisis would remained closed or they could obtained loans if necessary
  • New Deal Programs- Glass-Steagall Act

    New Deal Programs- Glass-Steagall Act
    Created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corportation (FDIC), which protected bank deposits up to $5,000, thus reassuring the Americans that their money were safe
  • New Deal Programs- National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)

    New Deal Programs- National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
    Provided money to states to create jobs; it was struck down by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional on the ground that it gave legislative powers to the executive branch and that the enforcement of industry codes within states went beyond the federal government's constitutional powers to regulate interstate commerce
  • New Deal Programs- Federal Securities Act

    New Deal Programs- Federal Securities Act
    Required corporations to provide complete information of all stock offerings and made them liable for misrepresentations
  • New Deal Programs- American Liberty League

    New Deal Programs- American Liberty League
    a conservative anti-New Deal organization; members included Alfred Smith, John W. Davis, and the Du Pont family. It criticized the "dictatorial" policies of Roosevelt and what it perceived to be his attacks on the free enterprise system., organization founded in 1934 in opposition to the New Deal
  • New Deal Programs- Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    New Deal Programs- Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
    Supervised the stock market and eliminated dishonest practices
  • New Deal Programs- Works Progress Administration (WPA)

    New Deal Programs- Works Progress Administration (WPA)
    Quickly created as many jobs as possible
  • New Deal Programs- National Youth Administration (NYA)

    New Deal Programs- National Youth Administration (NYA)
    Provided job training for unemployed young people and part-time jobs for needy students
  • New Deal Programs- Public Works Administration (PWA)

    New Deal Programs-  Public Works Administration (PWA)
    Created jobs on government projects