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Unit 16 - Task 1

  • AAIB

    The Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) is a UK government agency that investigates aviation accidents and incidents. They work to improve aviation safety and prevent future accidents. The AAIB is responsible for investigating civil aircraft accidents and serious incidents. They gather evidence, analyze data, and make safety recommendations to prevent similar incidents in the future. Their work is crucial in maintaining aviation safety and improving the industry as a whole.
  • The growth of airports and airport facilities

    The growth of airports and airport facilities
    Airports and their facilities have experienced exponential growth driven by the surge in global travel demand. This expansion encompasses not only physical infrastructure like runways and terminals but also cutting-edge technological advancements, enhancing security, navigation, and passenger services. Airports now offer a plethora of amenities ranging from retail outlets to dining options and entertainment facilities, ensuring a comfortable and convenient experience for travelers.
  • The rise of ‘No Frills’ airlines

    The rise of ‘No Frills’ airlines
    The rise of no-frills airlines, also known as low-cost carriers (LCCs), has reshaped the aviation industry, particularly since the late 1920s. These airlines, typified by their minimalist approach to services and amenities, prioritize affordability and efficiency, offering passengers no-frills experiences with basic fares and optional add-ons for additional services.
  • Development of jet aircraft (DC-10, 747, A380, B787)

    Development of jet aircraft (DC-10, 747, A380, B787)
    The evolution of jet aircraft, exemplified by known types like the DC-10, 747, A380, and B787, has signified important turning points in the history of aviation. Every aircraft is a technological, artistic, and passenger comfort advance. With its wide-body design and large capacity, McDonnell Douglas's DC-10 transformed air travel when it was first debuted in the early 1970s.
  • Development of jet aircraft (DC-10, 747, A380, B787)

    Development of jet aircraft (DC-10, 747, A380, B787)
    The Boeing 747, also referred to as the "Queen of the Skies," brought about the jumbo jet era, which offered previously unheard-of capacity and range, and further revolutionised aviation. The largest passenger plane in the world, the Airbus A380, redefined luxury and space by carrying hundreds of people on two decks. The Boeing 787 Dreamliner, which has redefined efficiency and sustainability through its inventive use of composite materials, superior aerodynamics, and fuel-efficient engines.
  • British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC)

    British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC)
    From 1939 until its 1974 merger with British European Airways (BEA) to become British Airways, the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was a significant British airline. Known for its expansive global presence, BOAC had a noteworthy influence on the development of international aviation in the middle of the 20th century. Operating routes to Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Australia, BOAC rose from a wartime transport service to become a symbol of British aviation excellence.
  • How air travel has developed in the past 80 years:

    How air travel has developed in the past 80 years:
    Over the past 80 years, air travel has evolved significantly, transitioning from exclusive luxury to widespread accessibility. Technological advancements, including the shift from propellers to jet engines and the development of computerized navigation systems, have led to faster, safer, and more affordable flights. Deregulation and increased competition have further democratized air travel, making it a vital component of global transportation networks, connecting people and economies.
  • IATA

    The organisation's mission is to represent and assist the airline industry. This is to promote safe, reliable, and cost-effective air transportation for the benefit of all. Most scheduled airlines (over 200) in some 120 countries are members of this association. In addition, there are many scheduled airlines who do not belong to the IATA, but still apply the same standards and procedures as the IATA airlines. In total there are 100,000 IATA-accredited agents and have 400 strategic partners.
  • The opening of Heathrow

    The opening of Heathrow
    Heathrow Airport is one of the busiest and largest airports in the world, located in London, United Kingdom. It serves as a major international hub, connecting travelers to destinations all around the globe. With its modern facilities, various amenities, and efficient transportation links, Heathrow offers a convenient and comfortable travel experience for passengers. It has five terminals, each offering a wide range of facilities including shops, restaurants, lounges, and even spa services.
  • Laker Airways

    Laker Airways
    Laker Airways, founded by Sir Freddie Laker in 1966, was a pioneering force in the airline industry, renowned for its innovative approach to low-cost air travel. Laker Airways revolutionized transatlantic flights with its "Skytrain" service, offering affordable fares that made international travel accessible to a wider audience.
  • Concorde

    The symbol of supersonic travel, the Concorde was a collaborative initiative between the aerospace industries of Britain and France. It made its inaugural flight in 1969. This legendary plane, which could travel twice the speed of sound and complete transatlantic flights in three hours, embodied both speed and luxury. The Concorde captivated the world's attention with its elegant design and distinctive delta wings, providing passengers with unmatched levels of comfort and sophistication.
  • CAA

    Safety Regulation Group (SRG) – SRG oversees the UK’s civil aviation authority safety standards. ARG consists of making sure that their standards are set by themselves and are high as possible, this includes the airlines, cabin crew, air traffic controllers and aircraft maintenance engineers are healthy and suitable for showing they are safe for airport use.
  • CAA

    Consumer Protection Group (CPR) – CPR are in control of the ATOL system, this then in future is the safety of holidaymakers and travellers having problems with a tour operation issue. CPG also licenses and regulates UK airlines and enforces air consumer protection requirements, this includes having denied boarding and passenger rights.
  • CAA

    Economic Regulation Group (ERG) – ERG are the ones who regulates the UK’s air traffic control services (NATS) airports and airlines. Their goal is to ensure that air travellers get the best possible deal in terms of fares, competition, and services. Directorate of Airspace Policy (DAP) – DAP oversees ensuring that the UK's airspace is handled safely and efficiently to fulfil the needs of its users.
  • Pan Am

    Pan Am
    Pan American World Airways, known as Pan Am, was one of the most iconic airlines of the 20th century, playing a pivotal role in shaping the global aviation industry. Founded in 1927, Pan Am pioneered numerous innovations in air travel, including the development of long-range flight routes, luxurious onboard services, and the introduction of jumbo jets like the Boeing 747. Their distinctive blue globe logo, Pan Am became synonymous with international travel and glamour.
  • De-regulation of the airlines

    De-regulation of the airlines
    The deregulation of the airline industry, which began in the late 1970s and continued through the 1980s, fundamentally transformed the landscape of commercial aviation. Prior to deregulation, government agencies tightly controlled routes, fares, and market entry, leading to inefficiencies and limited competition. Deregulation aimed to promote competition, increase efficiency, and lower prices by removing government-imposed restrictions on airlines.
  • The change in airline check-in

    The change in airline check-in
    Over the years, airline check-in processes have undergone significant transformations, evolving from traditional manual methods to today's largely automated and digital systems. Passengers would check in at airport counters, presenting paper tickets and identification documents to airline staff for verification. The types of advancements in technology such as the advent of online booking platforms, self-service kiosks and mobile apps the check-in experience has become more convenient.
  • Tightening Security following 9/11

    Tightening Security following 9/11
    From 9/11, security significantly strengthened worldwide. Airports implemented enhanced screening, intelligence agencies intensified surveillance, and border security was bolstered. This marked a global shift towards tighter security protocols and increased cooperation between nations to prevent future attacks. In addition, security measures such as reinforced cockpit doors, increased air marshals on flights, stricter regulations on liquids & electronics and enhanced passenger background checks.
  • British Airways (British Airline)

    British Airways (British Airline)
    British Airways connects travelers to over 200 destinations across the globe. With its main hubs situated at London Heathrow Airport and London Gatwick Airport, British Airways serves as a key link between Europe, North America, Asia, Africa, and beyond. From its iconic home base in London, British Airways offers an array of long-haul flights to major cities such as New York, Dubai, Singapore, and Johannesburg, as well as a comprehensive selection of short-haul routes throughout Europe.
  • Qatar Airways (Major Overseas Airline)

    Qatar Airways (Major Overseas Airline)
    Qatar Airways, renowned for its world-class service and luxurious amenities, operates an extensive network of routes spanning six continents. Headquartered in Doha, Qatar, the airline's main hub is Hamad International Airport, a state-of-the-art facility known for its modern amenities and efficiency. From its hub, Qatar Airways offers connections to over 160 destinations worldwide, including popular cities like London, New York, Bangkok, and Sydney.
  • Jet2 (Budget Airline)

    Jet2 (Budget Airline)
    Jet2 is a cheap popular airline connecting passengers to popular destinations across Europe. With hubs at major airports like Manchester, Leeds Bradford, and East Midlands, Jet2 offers convenient access to a diverse range of destinations, including holiday hotspots like the Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, and mainland Spain. Additionally, the airline serves popular leisure destinations in Greece, Portugal, Italy, and Croatia, catering to travelers seeking sun, sea, and cultural experiences.