120 Years a of Food: A Journey

Timeline created by mathgirl
  • Harvey Wiley becomes Chief Chemist U.S.D.A

    Harvey Wiley becomes Chief Chemist U.S.D.A
    Wiley becomes the Chief Chemist in the U. S.D.A. Wiley was originally a proponent of funding the sugar industry and helped pioneer adding glucose to sugar. In 1902, he is awarded $5,000 by the U.S. Government to create studies and begin to create food regulations. With this, Wiley forms the Poison Squad.
  • Period: to

    Glass is the primary packaging

  • Period: to

    Early Days: The Wild, Wild West of Food Regulation

  • Creation of the Poison Squad

    Creation  of the Poison Squad
    From Esquire, "The goal of the Poison Squad was simple: they were tasked with trying some of the most commonly used food additives in order to determine their effects." They sampled morphine, borax, sulfuric acid, saltpeter and formaldehyde.
    Pictured: A letter written by a poison squad applicant.
  • Food and Drugs Act is passed by Congres

    Food and Drugs Act is passed by Congres
    The original Food and Drugs Act is passed by Congress on June 30 and signed by President Theodore Roosevelt. It prohibits interstate commerce in misbranded and adulterated foods, drinks and drugs.
    "I have here . . . a number of adulterated articles. Here is a bottle of cherries, originally picked green, in order that they might be firm, with the green color all taken out with acid until they were perfectly white, and then colored with an aniline dye which is poisonous in any quantity." -Congress
  • Meat Inspection Act Passes Through Congress

    Meat Inspection Act Passes Through Congress
    Pictured: Meatpacking market pre-1906
  • Poison Squad Disolved

    Poison Squad Disolved
    In the end, the food and drug act was passed in 1906, leading to the dissolving of the poison squad. All members survived.
  • Sherley Amendment Passed

    Sherley Amendment Passed
    It prohibits labeling medicines with false therapeutic claims intended to defraud the purchaser, a standard difficult to prove.
    Pictured: Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for teething and colicky babies, unlabeled yet laced with morphine, killed many infants.
  • Piggly Wiggly, the America's First Modern Supermarket Opens

    Piggly Wiggly, the America's First Modern Supermarket Opens
    The supermarket allowed people to have a one-stop shop, instead of the various private markets. It also gave shoppers choices, changing the model to the customer picks the item, instead of handing a list to the clerk. This also forced companies to begin to brand their products.
  • Tupperware -Created

    Tupperware -Created
    Earl Silas Tupper creates Tupperware. He uses polyethlene as the material and is the first to create an airtight plastic container.
  • The First Modern Trash Bag

    The First Modern Trash Bag
    Larry Hansen and Harry Wasylyk create the trash bag. Their product is bought by Glad.
  • Period: to

    The Dawn of Plastic

  • Swanson Invents the TV Dinner

    Swanson Invents the TV Dinner
    When Swanson was unable 260 tons of turkey after/for Thanksgiving, they turned to a salesman to create a new market: pre-prepared food. Originally, they were designed for airplanes. The first TV dinner included: turkey, corn-bread dressing, gravy, peas, and sweet potatoes. Each sold for 98 cents. In the first year of production, 1954, they sold 10 million turkey dinners.
  • Zipper Seal Bags Invented

    Zipper Seal Bags Invented
    Created by Robert W Vergobbi, the bag was designed with a pencil pouch in mind. However, when it was discovered how useful they were as a household item, and were food safe, the product switched gears.
    Ziplock Bags are introduced in 1968.
  • Cellophane Commercially Available

    Cellophane Commercially Available
    Pictured: The creator, Jacques Brandenberger, in 1908 with his newly minted product. Fun fact: Cellophane was initially created to protect clothing from the rain.
  • Coors Invents Aluminum Cans

    Coors Invents Aluminum Cans
    Coors introduces the aluminum can as it is less expensive than tin.
  • Plastic Milk Jug

    Plastic Milk Jug
    High-density polyethylene milk bottles.
  • ‘Plastic bags were invented to help save the planet'

    ‘Plastic bags were invented to help save the planet'
    The original plastic (polyethylene) shopping bag was manufactured by Celloplast. It's inventor designed it as an eco-friendly alternative.
  • Fair Packaging and Labeling Act

    Fair Packaging and Labeling Act
    "Fair Packaging and Labeling Act requires all consumer products in interstate commerce to be honestly and informatively labeled, with FDA enforcing provisions on foods, drugs, cosmetics, and medical devices." -FTC
  • FDA restricts use of PVC in food packaging and lead in baby food packages.

    FDA restricts use of PVC in food packaging and lead in baby food packages.
  • PETE Enters the market

    PETE Enters the market
    PET - Polypethylene terephthalate " It is commonly used in bottles and other plastic containers. This includes soda bottles, bakery products, water bottles, peanut butter jars and even in frozen foods packaging.
    It is used to hold cosmetics. Since it is easy to mold, manufacturers can create very specific shapes for a variety of cosmetic products.
    It is commonly used for the storage of chemicals, including household cleaners." Thought Co.
  • Swanson TV Dinners Use Plastic

    Swanson TV Dinners Use Plastic
    "“In what other way can I get...a single serving of turkey, a portion of dressing...and the potatoes, vegetable and dessert...[for] something like 69 cents?” a Shrewsbury, New Jersey, newspaper quoted one reader as saying. "-National Geographic
    Swanson introduces the plastic tray, instead of the aluminum tray from the 1950's.
  • PET 2 Liter Bottles Become The Norm

    PET 2 Liter Bottles Become The Norm
    "Within seven years of its introduction, the PET bottle has taken over the soft-drink market in the 2-liter size." Packaging Strategies.com
  • PET jars for peanut butter.

    PET jars for peanut butter.
  • The Food Quality Protection Act.

    The Food Quality Protection Act.
    Pictured: Crop duster.
  • Flexible Yogurt Container

    Flexible Yogurt Container
    Yoplait! creates the flexible yogurt (GoGurt) container.
  • "PlantBottle"

    "PlantBottle"
    After a small buy-in from Coca-cola, bioplastic begins to be marketable.
  • Litterless Created

    Litterless Created
    The website lists local grocery stores that feature waste-free packaged foods.
    https://www.litterless.com/
  • 60 Metric tons of food is wasted/Rise of MBT

    NYT reports that 60 million metric tons ($162 billion dollars worth of food) is wasted. Multi-Barrier Technology begins its rise to dominance.
  • Rise of Flexible Packaging

    Rise of Flexible Packaging
    The pouch was projected to grow 5.4% between 2018-2024. In 2019, they sold $31.8 billion in product.
  • Coca-Cola sells 128 Billion PET Plastic Bottles

    Coca-Cola sells 128 Billion PET Plastic Bottles
  • Flexible Packaging

    Flexible Packaging
    Rises to second largest packing segment has about 19% of the $170 billion dollar market, according to FlexPack
  • Alternatives:

    Alternatives:
    Beeswax food wraps,
    Bamboo Cookware
    Mushroom Packaging (pictured)