Unit 1: French + Indian War By 2016scherta Oct 12, 1492 Columbus "discovers" America After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Christopher Columbus lands on what he thinks is Asia, but is actually America. May 14, 1607 Jamestown Colony created Around 100 people formed the first permanent English settlement in North America. It was located near the James River. Jun 12, 1630 Massachusetts Bay Colony created Over hundreds of settlers made it to America on just 11 ships. John Winthrop then was the first to govern the new colony. Sep 8, 1664 New Amsterdam becomes New York The Dutch govener surrenders New Amsrerdam to the English. After its capture the name is changed to New York in honor of the guy who organized the mission. Jun 19, 1754 Albany Congress meets This was a confrence which was held in Albany, N.Y. to discuss the security and defense they needed from the British Colonies because of the predicted French attack. Jul 3, 1754 George Washington assaults Fort Duquesne This battle was the start of the French and Indian War and was George Washington's only military surrender. Feb 10, 1763 The French & Indian War concludes The French and Indian war, also called the Seven Years' War, finally comes to an end with the signing of a treaty.