U.S. Special Education Timeline

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Brown v. Board of Education desegrated schools based on learning ability and race. The ruling concluded that separate learning facitilites are unequal and opened the door for much more legistlative preciseness in the future.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act provides federal grants to state educational facilities to provide full educational opportunities to students of all learning abilities and income levels, including those with special needs. ESEA Would later be tranformed into No Child Left Behind in 2001 under President George W. Bush.
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act

    Vocational Rehabilitation Act
    The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 defines a handicapped person and defines appropiate education to all peoples. This act was put into law to end discrimination of people with disabilities and special needs. This act demands that private employers with federal contracts take affirmative action in hiring individuals wth disabilities as well as training and rehabilitation.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)
    With this act, public schools were required to develop an education plan closely with parents of children with disabilities. These plans were made to improve the educational experiences of students with a disability. The IEP (Individualized Education Program) was developed to plan for students on an individual basis rather than and all encompassing plan.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    The Americans with Disabilities Act is a civil rights law that prohibits the discrimination of individuals with disabilities in the private sector. This Act also guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in employment, public accommodations, and transportation,
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
    The EAHCA was changed to IDEA and withth this change, many adjustments from the old law occurred. IDEA is a federal law that requires schools to serve the educational needs of eligible students with disabilities, especially leaving high school and beyond. With IDEA reaching out to more specific students under its thirteen categories, teachers can give more aid and be of more assitance to parents and the student.
  • IDEA Reauthorized

    IDEA Reauthorized
    This update readjusted IDEA by strengthening the general curriculum and the evaluation processes. The IEP now involved the requirement of general education teachers to be present at IEP team meetings as well as requiring all students to be a part of state and district wide assessments.
  • No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

    No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
    NCLB required states to have their own academic standards that allowed their students to have grade level proficiency in reading and math. States had annual assessments of at least 95% of all their students and showed yearly progress in their education services. This law also included Title 1, which covered many disadvantaged students.
  • IDEA Reauthorized (Again)

    IDEA Reauthorized (Again)
    Since 1997, more accountability on the state and local district levels was added to IDEA. Schools were now to provide instruction and intervention for students to keep them in the general education room as much as possible. The IEP was streamlined and adjusted to make these programs more personalized and probable for each student.