U.S. History: 1877-2008

Timeline created by brittmcgee
In History
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    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence was signed on this day, declaring America's freedom from Great Britain.
  • Constitution

    The Constitution was written on this day.
  • Bill of Rights

    The Bill of Rights were ratified on this day.
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    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    This act gave all present and future citizens up to 160 acres of public land provided they live on it, improve it, and pay a small registration fee
  • 13th Amendment

    This amendment officially abolished slavery in the United States.
  • 14th Amendment

    This amendment granted citizenship to all who were born or naturalized in the United States. It also provided equal protection under law for all.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    The Transcontinental Railroad was completed this year.
  • 15th Amendment

    This amendment granted voting rights to African American men.
  • Creation of the Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.
  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    This act prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers. This was the first US national immigration act.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    This act ensured railroad set “reasonable and just” rate, This is the first time government stepped in to regulate business.
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    This act awarded government jobs based on merit.
  • Dawes Act

    This act gave individual ownership of land to Native Americans, instead of the tribe owning things collectively.
  • Hull House

    The settlement of the Hull House was the first of many more settlement houses.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    This act outlawed businesses from "monopolization, attempted monopolization, or conspiracy or combination to monopolize."
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    This act outlawed trusts in order to promote economic fairness.
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    The Progressive Era

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    Klondike Gold Rush

    This took place in Alaska.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    This court case involved "separate but equal", which allowed for racism and segregation to run rampant in the United States.
  • USS Maine Explosion

    USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, which starts the Spanish American War.
  • Annexation of Hawai'i

    Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States.
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  • Open Door Policy

    This policy initiated free trade with China.
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    This was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Period: to

    Building of the Panama Canal

  • Meat Inspection Act

    This act made it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    This act created regulations of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines.
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America.
  • 16th Amendment

    This amendment established the federal income tax.
  • 17th Amendment

    This amendment established the direct election of U.S. Senators.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    This act established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, which started World War I.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System

  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany.
  • U.S. Enters WWI

    The United States enters WWI on the Allied side.
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    The beginning of this causes Russian troops to exit the war.
  • Battle of Argonne Forest

    Considered the turning pint of the war.
  • Germany Surrenders to the Allied Powers.

  • 14 Points

    President Woodrow Wilson gives a statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    This is the peace treaty that ended World War I. It required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize.
  • 18th Amendment

    This amendment enacted prohibition and alcohol is illegal.
  • 19th Amendment

    This amendment gave voting rights to women.
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    Roaring 20's

  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    This act granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh

    Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris.
  • Stock Market Crash

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    Great Depression

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    Dust Bowl

  • Election of Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    This amendment adjusted the dates of the presidential terms.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 21st Amendment

    This amendment repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends.
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    This act established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families.
  • Start of WWII

    Adolf Hitler invades Poland.
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    World War 2

    1.) Island Hopping- targeting key islands
    2.) Liberation of Concentration Camps
    3.) Dwight Eisenhower- 34th President
    4.) Douglas MacArthur- U.S. General
    5.) Chester W. Nimitz- fleet admiral
    6.) Navajo Code Talkers- 29 men for communication
    7.) Tuskegee Airmen- African American pilots
    8.) Flying Tigers- pilots recruited under FDR
    9.) The Manhattan Project- research and development for nuclear weapons
    10.) Rosie the Riveter- built the machinery necessary to fight and win WWII
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    This order is the incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII.
  • D-Day

    Invasion of Normandy.
  • G.I. Bill

    This bill gives military veterans financial and educational benefits.
  • United Nations formed

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    Early Cold War

    1.) Containment- prevent the spread of communism
    2.) Arms Race/Space Race- race between USSR and the US for spaceflight capability
    3.) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics- treaty between Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Transcaucasia
    4.) Communism- political governing where the government has complete control to create a classless society
    5.) Domino Theory- states if Vietnam falls to communism, the countries around it would as well
  • "Little Boy"

    The atomic bomb is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan.
  • "Fat Man"

    The atomic bomb is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan. This marks the end of World War II.
  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism.
  • 22nd Amendment

    This amendment prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again.
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    This program was made to help European countries rebuild after World War II.
  • NATO established

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    Civil Rights Era

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    Korean War

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

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    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Interstate Highway Act

    This act authorized the building of a national highway system.
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Begins undeclared war in Vietnam.
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

  • Tet Offensive

  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools.
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    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    Moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old.
  • War Powers Act

    Law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval.
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

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    1990-21st Century

  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair