U.S. History 1877-2008

Timeline created by Mason.Bonadio
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence Signed

  • Constitution Written

  • Bill of Rights Ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    Provided 160 acres of land for anyone willing to settle out West
  • 13th Amendment

    Abolished Slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    Granted citizenship to everyone born or naturalized in the United States. Equal protection under the law
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    All (male) citizens could vote who were of age, regardless of race
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    1) Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons)
    Large industry powerhouses. Some with large financial power used it to aid, others to harm
    2) Philanthropy
    To promote welfare. Some used their power to help those in need
    3) Monopoly
    A single power in an industry. They harmed, or completely eradicated competition
    4) Jane Addams
    Activist. aided in social work, and women's suffrage
    5) Laissez-Faire
    A hands-off economic policy. Discouraged government involvement in the economy
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civic Service Act

    Awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

    1) Muckrakers
    Journalist who pointed out issues. Held some accountable
    2) Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    Law adapters. Allowed laws to be modified by vote
    3) The Great Migration
    Large movement of African Americans. Resulted in large influx of people in the urban Northeast
    4) NAACP
    Civic rights organization. Helped push against racial differences in treatment
    5) Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism)
    Ideology. Many favored those born in the country, and opposed immigration
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

    1896-1899
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Legalized segregation, asserting "separate, but equal"
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    1) Theodore Roosevelt
    26th U.S. President. Lead the Rough Riders, and established Yellowstone as a national park
    2) Rough Riders
    U.S. volunteer cavalry. Fought in the Spanish-American War
    3) Foreign Policy
    Involvement with other nations. Dictated how foreign events were handled
    4) Immigration Quotas
    Immigration limit. Slowed the process of new people entering the nation
    5) Yellow Journalism
    Exorbitant reporting. Enticed outrage over certain events
  • Open Door Policy

    Initiated free trade with China
  • Panama Canal Built

    1904-1914
  • The Roosevelt Corollary

    An addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • 'The Jungle' by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    Law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    Established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    Direction election of U.S. senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Established the federal reserve, which helped stabilize the bank industry
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    1) Alvin York
    WWI Soldier. Received Metal of Honor
    2) Homefront
    Those who stay in the country to work during war. Aided the soldiers and nation
    3) M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)
    Militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. The main causes of WWI
    4) Sussex Pledge
    German Agreement. Stated adequate warning would be given before torpedoing merchant or passenger ships
    5) American Expeditionary Forces
    American War formation on the Western Front. Lead by Pershing, it helped turn the war
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System Created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points

    Statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    Prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • 19th Amendment

    Women are given the right to vote
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    1) Social Darwinism
    Social theory. Justified certain ideologies
    2) The Red Scare
    Communist fear. Enticed conflicts within the United States
    3) Assembly Line
    Production means. Quickened assembly speed of things such as the automobile
    4) Return to Normalcy
    Warren G. Harding's campaign slogan. Wished for life before WWI and the Spanish Flu
    5) Harlem Renaissance
    Social movement. Revived African American art and literature
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    Granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    1) Hoovervilles
    Makeshift homes. Prominent during the Great Depression
    2) The New Deal
    Policy by FDR. Sought to bring Americans back to financial certainty
    3) Causes of the Great Depression (5)
    Economic trends. Tumbled into the Great Depression
    4) Court Packing
    Political strategy. FDR tried loading the supreme courts with those who agreed with him
    5) Eleanor Roosevelt
    A U.S. First Lady. A key voice in expanding women's right in the workplace
  • Dust Bowl

    1930-1936
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    Adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 21st Amendment

    Repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    Established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War II

    1) Island Hopping
    War tactic. Helped US fight Japan
    2) Liberation of Concentration Camps
    Victory. Brought innocent to justice
    3) Dwight Eisenhower
    U.S. President. End of WWII
    4) Douglas MacArthur
    General. Aided in Pacific Theatre
    5) Chester W. Nimitz
    Admiral. Aided navy in WWII
    6) Navajo Code Talkers
    Helped US with code
    7) Tuskegee Airmen
    First African American military aviators
    8) Flying Tigers
    Planes. Helped China
    9) The Manhattan Project
    Made atomic bomb
    10) Rosie the Riveter
    Women workforce
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    Incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII
  • “D-Day” - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    Gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    1) Containment
    U.S. Policy. Aimed to stop the spread of communism
    2) Arms Race/Space Race
    U.S. - Soviet Union competition. Each tried to one-up each other in different contexts.
    3) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    A communist nation which existed mostly in Northern Eurasia. Was the main spreader of communism
    4) Communism
    A economic/political ideology. Believed in no social classes
    5) Domino Theory
    Political theory. If something happened in one nation, neighbors would follow suit
  • The atomic bomb, “Little Boy” is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan (August 6)

  • The atomic bomb, “Fat Man” is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II (August 9)

  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. Policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    Program to help European countries rebuild after WWII
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

    1950-1953
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • 22nd Amendment

    Prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Interstate Highway Act

    Authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Begins undeclared war in Vietnam
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

  • Tet Offensive

  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools
  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers Leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    Moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • War Powers Act

    Law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

  • Period: to

    1990s-21 Century