Twentieth Century (1930-2000)

Timeline created by makaria1013
In Music
  • Musique Concrete

    The technique of taking recorded sounds and manipulating them into music by stretching, splicing, etc.
  • Aleotoric

    Compositional Technique where one or more elements is left to chance so that the performance is never the same twice.
  • Indeterminate

    Music also based on chance but one of 3 more specific types:
    -The ability to be performed in substantially different way
    -The element of chance in the process of composition
    -Using symbols to suggest musical elements apposed to directly notating them.
  • Electronische Musik

    Electronic music developed in Germany after Stockhausen worked in Schaeffer's studio in 1952. Precursor for most modern music that has any technology or electronic sounds.
  • Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (NWDR)

    Electronic music studio in Cologne, Germany which made Cologne the leading city in electronic music
  • Maximilized Asthetics for Out Maxed-Out Maximalism

    Current society values the extreme
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    Stravinsky

    One of the most versatile and interesting composers of the 20th century
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    Kodaly

    Hungarian ethnomusicalogist
    created the movable 'do' system
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    Varese

    Prominent non-tonal composer.
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    William Grant Still

    First African American composer
    Woks were performed by the leading symphony orchestra and had his own major symphony orchestra
    used folk idioms, jazz and spirituals
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    Gershwin

    Successfully fused jazz and pop music, worked on broadway and in hollywood
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    Carlos Chavez

    Mexican composer extremely important to mexican culture
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    Copland

    Most popular American composer of the 20th century
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    Partch

    Developed 43 not scale
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    Khachaturian

    Armenian composer. One of the pillars of the Russian school of composers
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    Schaeffer

    First developed Musique concrete using a tape recorder
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    Cage

    Aleatoric and indeterminate composer. Lectured over the topic in 1958 at Darmstadt and 1961 in Brussels. Defined indeterminacy in music as the pieces ability to be performed in substantially different ways.
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    Babbit

    Influential composer in maximized expressionism
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    Non-tonal

    Composition style which focused on elements other than pitch.
    Percussion ensembles greatly benefited from this style and came up to a new status
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    Xenakis

    Indeterminate composer who used probability theories to compose pieces
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    Ligeti

    One of the most influential composers to use textural music and sound blocks in heir works.
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    Bown

    Indeterminate composer who used symbols instead of traditional notation
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    Feldman

    Indeterminate composer who used symbols instead of traditional notation
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    Stockhousen

    Indeterminate composer who focused on the indeterminate process of composing
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    Crumb

    Influential composer in maximized expressionism
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    Penderecki

    One of the most influential composers to use textural music and sound blocks in heir works.
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    Textural

    Music that functions alongside non-tonal music. Broad sonic chunks called sound masses, which could function contrapuntally but are not constructed of melodies harmonies or ryhythms.
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    Maximized Expressionism

    Ultimate fulfillment of complete complexity following maximalism and expressionism
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    Minimalism

    Repetitive music which emerged in the 1960s and came to fruition in the 1980s. Based on the notion that small units of musical material can be repeated with only slight variation over long periods of time. Opposite of maximized expressionalism,
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    Neo-Romanticism

    Music that appeals to audiences who are hoping for music that they can understand and embrace. Dissonances are more prevalent than in the 19th century but still holds most romantic elements of melody, harmony and texture
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    Postmodernism

    Uniting many past elements of music into a new eclectic style
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    Totalism

    Music developed as a response to minimalism. Complexity is the number one goal
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    New Complexity

    Closely related to totalism. Often abstract, dissonant, microtonal and relies on extreme contrast
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    Globalization

    The impact of technology on music's expanse of audience. Everything is available to every one in real time