SOCRATESA classical Philosopher
Period: 469 BCE to 399 BCE
Socrates' Philosophy"No one commits an evil act knowingly and doing wrong arises out of ignorance."
Socrates believed that if one knows what the good is, one will always do what is good. If one understands the meaning of courage, self-control, or justice, one will act in a courageous, self-controlled and just manner.
PLATOA classical philospher
Period: 428 BCE to 348 BCE
Plato's PhilosophyPlato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. Happiness, of well-being is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it. He see ethics as concern to act rightly and live a good life. That in every way we can achieve success, we must have virtues imbued in it.
ARISTOTLEA classical Philosopher
Period: 384 BCE to 322 BCE
Aristotle's PhilosophySimply known as "The First Teacher and was "The Philosopher," Aristotle's ethics is concerned with actions conducive to man's good. His "Golden Mean Principle" states that to be happy, live a life of moderation.
THOMAS HOBBESA classical Philospher
Moral PositivismHobbes' moral positivism anticipates the chaotic outcome if laws are not abided. According to him, people would act on their evil impulses if left alone for themselves; therefore, they should not be trusted to make decisions on their own. Laws are created to maintain order and produce morally effective decisions.
JEREMY BENTHAM AND JOHN STUART MILLJeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832)
John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873)
The Founders of Modern Utilitarianism
UtilitarianismDerived from the Latin words 'utile bonum' or 'utilis, which means usefulness, the utilitarian ethics is best explained by the maxim, "Do whatever produces the greatest good for the greatest number." The theory argues that what makes an act right is its consequences and not the motive of action. The effects or consequences determine
the goodness or badness of an action. An act is good when
it gives good results, if it works, if it makes you successful, and
if it makes you attain your purpose.