Timeline of Antartica's history.

  • James Cook

    James Cook
    In January, captain James Cook crossed the Antarctic circle and circumnavigated Antarctica, even though he doesn't sight any land, he saw some rock in the icebergs. This proved that there is a Southern continent existence.
  • Thaddeus Bellingshausen

    Thaddeus Bellingshausen
    Captain Thaddeus Bellingshausen, a Russian naval officer in the Vostok and Mirny circumnavigated the Antarctic. He made the first sighting of the continent after James Cook.
  • Captain John Davis

    Captain John Davis
    In February, there was the first known landing on Antartica by American sealer captain John Davis. Captain John Davis and his crew were the first people ever to spend a winter in Antartica.
  • James Weddell

    James Weddell
    James Weddell, a British whaler discovered a sea named after him, the Weddell sea.
  • James Clark Ross

    James Clark Ross
    In 1840 British navel officer and scientist James Clark Ross takes two ships, the Erebus and the Terror near the coast until he came to a high ice barrier what is now called the Ross Ice shelf. He also discovered an active volcano what is called Erebus named after his ship.
  • Captain Robert Scott

    Captain Robert Scott
    Captain Scott, UK, leads his first Antarctic Expedition to try to reach the South Pole with Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson. They were forced to turn back two months later suffering from snow blindness and scurvy.
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    Ernest Shackleton

    Shackleton leads expedition to within 156 km of the South Pole then turns back after supplies are short.
  • Douglas Mawson

    Douglas Mawson
    Australian, Douglas Mawson reaches the South Magnetic Pole.
  • Roald Amundsen

    Roald Amundsen
    Norwegian Roald Amundsen leads a five man expedition that reaches the South Pole for the first time.
  • Captain Robert Scott

    Captain Robert Scott
    On the 18th January, Britain's Capatin Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole to discover he had been beaten by Amundsen.
  • Douglas Mawson

    Douglas Mawson
    In December, Douglas Mawson begins his trek across George V Land back to his base at Commonwealth Bay.
  • Ernest Shackleton

    Ernest Shackleton
    In October, 1915, Shackleton returns to Antarctica in an attempt to complete the first crossing of the continent. Their ship was crushed in the sea ice and a small party sets out for South Georgia and the whaling station. The party is eventually rescued in 1917.
  • First Flight

    First Flight
    The first person to fly over Antarctica around the peninsula region was the Australian Sir George Wilkins and American Earl Benjamin Eielson.
  • Flight about South Pole

    Flight about South Pole
    Richard. E. Byrd and three others from the United States of America become the first to fly over the South Pole.
  • First Woman

    First Woman
    The first woman to set foot on Antarctica is Caroline Mikkelsen from Norway, when she accompanied her husband who was a whaling captain.
    Lincoln Ellworth from the United States of America flies across the continent.
  • Operation Highjump

    Operation Highjump
    United States of America sends the largest ever expedition of over 4700 men, 13 ships and 23 aeroplanes to Antarctica. It was called Opeartion Highjump. Most of the coast was photographed for map making.
  • US Aircraft Landing

    US Aircraft Landing
    US aircraft lands at South Pole. They are the first people since Scott and his team in 1912.
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    International Geophysical Year (IGY)

    The International Geophysical Year begins a new era. Twelve nations establish over 60 stations in Antarctica.The beginning of international cooperation to make Antarctica 'non-national'.
    The first successful land crossing via the South Pole is led by British geologist, Vivian Fuchs with New Zealander, Edmund Hill leading the back up party, over 40 years after Shackleton's expedition set out with the same aim,
  • Antarctic Treaty

    Antarctic Treaty
    The Antarctic Treaty comes into effect.
  • Unsupported crossing

    Unsupported crossing
    The first person to cross Antarctica unsupported was Borge Ousland taking him 64 days.
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    International Polar Year

    The International Polar Year spans two years to give researchers the opportunity to work in both polar regions, or work Summer and Winter if the wish.