Timeline 50s-70s - Allexis B

Timeline created by allexisb
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    Plessy v Ferguson was a decision of the US Supreme Court, which is the foundation for the idea of "separate but equal." It states that segregation will be upheld, as long as both races had equal facilities.
  • CORE established

    CORE established
    The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded to protect and expand the rights of African-Americans. CORE was also one of the leading activist groups for African-Americans during the civil rights movement.
  • Jackie Robinson joins Brooklyn Dodgers

    Jackie Robinson joins Brooklyn Dodgers
    Jackie Robinson was the first African-American to join a professional baseball team.
  • Desegregation of military

    Desegregation of military
    The segregated US military became integrated, allowing African-Americans to fight on the front lines.
  • US contributes millions to France

    US contributes millions to France
    The US contributed millions of dollars to France during World War II, since they were an ally.
  • SEATO formed

    SEATO formed
    The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization was created by the Manila Pact for collective defense in Southeast Asia.
  • French surrender

    French surrender
    The French surrendered at Dien Bien Phu against Ho Chi Mihn's army during the Vietnam War.
  • Rosa Parks refuses to give up bus seat

    Rosa Parks refuses to give up bus seat
    Rosa Parks was an African-American woman who refused the give up her seat on a bus to a white man. Because of her failure to do so, she was arrested; this was the beginning of the civil rights movement.
  • Congress endorses “The Southern Manifesto”

    Congress endorses “The Southern Manifesto”
    The Southern Manifesto was a document written by the US Congress in opposition to the integration of public places.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African-American high school students who enrolled in a racially segregated school in Little Rock, Arkansas. However, before entering the school the kids were prevented from entering by the governor of Arkansas.
  • SCLC established

    SCLC established
    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was a civil rights activist group with Martin Luther King Jr. as its leader.
  • Viet Cong

    Viet Cong
    Viet Cong was a political organization in South Vietnam with its own army.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was the first civil rights legislation since the Civil Rights Act of 1865. Its goal was to uphold the civil rights of the American people.
  • NASA created

    NASA created
    The National Aeronautics and Space Act (NASA) was signed by President Eisenhower. NASA conducts all non-military space activity.
  • Castro overthrows regime of Batista

    Castro overthrows regime of Batista
    Fidel Castro overthrew Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.
  • Greensboro sit-in

    Greensboro sit-in
    The Greensboro sit-in was an act of the civil rights movement where African-American students sat at the counter of a racially segregated restaurant. The students were denied service but still refused to leave.
  • SNCC established

    SNCC established
    The was a civil rights activist group formed by African-American students. They were turned away by other activist groups because the adults thought they would become violent.
  • SDS formed

    SDS formed
    The Students for a Democratic Society was a civil rights activist group that was against the war in Vietnam. African-Americans were against the war because they did not want other African-American soldiers pushed to the front lines in front of white soldiers.
  • Bay of Pigs invasion

    Bay of Pigs invasion
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was led by the US and was a failed invasion of Cuba.
  • CORE’s “freedom ride"

    CORE’s “freedom ride"
    CORE's freedom rides started where equal African-Americans and white passengers boarded a bus leaving North Alabama and headed into deep southern Alabama.
  • Berlin wall built

    Berlin wall built
    The Berlin wall was built to divide East and West Berlin. This wall also came to be a symbol of the Cold War.
  • Peace Corps created

    Peace Corps created
    President Kennedy signed legislation for the Peace Corps, which promoted world peace and friendship.
  • John Glenn orbits earth

    John Glenn orbits earth
    John Glenn was the first American to orbit the earth and the third man in space.
  • “Ole Miss” desegregated

    “Ole Miss” desegregated
    After the desegregation of Ole Miss, an African-American student, James H. Meredith, was escorted onto campus by US Marshalls. As he entered the school riots broke out.
  • Cuban missile crisis

    Cuban missile crisis
    The Cuban missile crisis was initiated by the US after discovering that the Soviet Union had missile deployment in Cuba.
  • King’s letter from jail

    King’s letter from jail
    Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested during one of his peaceful protests and was locked up in a Birmingham jail. There he wrote a letter where he explained, "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
  • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

    Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
    The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty prohibited the testing of nuclear weapons unless they are conducted underground.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The March on Washington was lead by Martin Luther King Jr. and was a massive protest which advocated for the rights of African-Americans. This was where King delivered his iconic "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • Birmingham church bombing

    Birmingham church bombing
    An African-American church in Birmingham was bombed by white supremacists. The casualties of the bombing included four innocent young girls.
  • John F. Kennedy assassinated

    John F. Kennedy assassinated
    President Kennedy was assassinated while riding in a convertible in a parade in downtown Dallas.
  • Beatles visit US

    Beatles visit US
    The Beatles were very popular in the US and this was the first time they had ever visited the US.
  • Teach-in start

    Teach-in start
    Teach-ins took place in schools across the US. Those who were a part of the teach-ins were against the war in Vietnam and made this into a protest against the war.
  • Malcolm X no longer with Nation of Islam

    Malcolm X no longer with Nation of Islam
    The Nation of Islam believed that African-Americans and whites should be segregated and have their own separate public places. Malcolm X's view of that had changed though, so he went and joined Martin Luther King Jr. and his activist group.
  • Freedom Summer Campaign

    Freedom Summer Campaign
    The Freedom Summer Campaign's goal was to gather as many African-Americans as they could and attempt for all of them to register to vote.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a turning point for the civil rights movement. It stated that discrimination, whether it was race, color, sex, was prohibited. It also ended all segregation in work, schools, and public places.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was enacted by the US Congress after the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  • Economic Opportunity Act

    Economic Opportunity Act
    The Economic Opportunity Act was created as a part of the War on Poverty.
  • The Water Quality Act

    The Water Quality Act
    The Water Quality Act was enacted as part of the Great Society, as well as other environmental acts. Its main goal was to help eliminate pollutants in the waters.
  • Immigration and Nationality Act

    Immigration and Nationality Act
    The Immigration and Nationality Act abolished the law that only relatives of Americans could immigrate into the US. With the new act, regardless of race, sex, or nationality, anyone was able to immigrate to the US.
  • First US troops in Vietnam

    First US troops in Vietnam
    The first US troops to enter into the Vietnam War were sent in 1965. After the US's involvement in Vietnam, many Americans protested against the US's involvement in the war.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    Operation Rolling Thunder was part of an aerial bombardment of the US Air Force during the Vietnam War. However, the result ended up being a US failure.
  • Selma march

    Selma march
    The Selma March was a nonviolent protest from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama led by Martin Luther King Jr. during the civil rights movement. The march took three attempts before it was successful.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act was also a part of Johnson's War on Poverty Act. The act gave funding to elementary and high schools and gave an opportunity for education for low-income families.
  • Medicare and Medicaid

    Medicare and Medicaid
    Medicare and Medicaid are both government-run programs that help with the cost of medical expenses for low-income families, handicaps, etc.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 gave African-Americans and all racial minorities the right to vote.
  • National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities

    National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities
    The National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities was dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs.
  • National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act

    National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act
    The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act developed safety standards for motor vehicles and traffic safety laws.
  • “Black Power” movement

    “Black Power” movement
    The Black Power movement was where African-Americans fought for their rights and equality.
  • Clean Water Restoration Act

    Clean Water Restoration Act
    The Clean Water Restoration Act is now regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is responsible for sewage treatment plants.
  • Air Quality Act

    Air Quality Act
    The Air Quality Act's goal is to control air pollution nationally and regulate the source of all air emissions.
  • Haight-Ashbury District

    Haight-Ashbury District
    The Haight-Ashbury District was a diverse community in the late '60s. It was a birthplace for hippies and drugs.
  • First African American in Supreme Court Justice

    First African American in Supreme Court Justice
    Thurgood Marshal was the first African American in US history to serve as a judge in the Supreme Court Justice.
  • Race riots

    Race riots
    The race riots of the '60s are known as the most violent riots in US history. The riots were between African-Americans and whites.
  • King assassinated

    King assassinated
    King was a great activist leader and was considered the "most visible spokesman and leader in the civil rights movement," even after his assassination in 1968.
  • Tinker v Des Moines School District

    Tinker v Des Moines School District
    Tinker v Des Moines School District was a court case which fought for the first amendment rights for students in public schools.
  • Neil Armstrong 1st man on moon

    Neil Armstrong 1st man on moon
    Neil Armstrong was the first man in history to step foot on the moon.
  • Woodstock

    Woodstock
    Woodstock was one of the biggest concerts in US history; there were so many people that the place overflowed.
  • Kent State Killings

    Kent State Killings
    In Ohio, at Kent State University, unarmed college students were shot by members of the Ohio Nationa Guard after protesting the bombing of Cambodia lead by the US.
  • EPA created

    EPA created
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent organization that regulates environmental protection.
  • White v Regester

    White v Regester
    White v Regester was a court case that made the redrawing of voting districts in the US to make them in equal proportions.