Timeline #6 Post-1900s Era

Timeline created by baileynoliver
In Music
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    Composer - John Phillip Sousa

    Bandmaster known for many different popular marches, conductor for The President's Own Marine Band
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    Composer - Charles Ives

    One of the greatest American composers of the 20th century. Used styles such as harmonizing in different keys, played familiar tunes and rhythms in 2 meters or 2 keys at once, and used instruments with quarter tones.
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    R. Nathaniel Dett

    Pianist who helped found the National Association of Negro Musicians (1919)
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    Edgard Varèse

    French American composer, important in the electronic music field.
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    Composer - Florence Price

    Price was the first black female composer of a major American symphony, began composing around 1910
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    Composer - Sergei Prokofiev

    Prokofiev was a Russian composer, his most popular work was Peter and the Wolf in 1936. He used elements such as comedy, classicism and rhythmic drive.
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    Composer - William Grant Still

    First Black American to conduct and compose a piece for a major symphony. He blended blues and spirituals with traditional European styles.
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    Henry Cowell

    Invented chance music as well as new techniques for piano. Used the term tone clusters, which means a group of highly dissonant notes.
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    Composer - George Gershwin

    American composer who wrote classical music infused with jazz.
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    Duke Ellington

    Major band leader in the swing era and the big band era, composed many different tunes.
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    Composer - Aaron Copland

    American composer and conductor. His style was mainly tonal but included mixed meters, a lot of solos and transparent textures. Copland studied with Nadia Boulanger in his twenties.
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    Undisguised Avant-garde

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    Composer - Olivier Messiaen

    French composer and teacher known for incorporating bird songs into his music.
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    John Cage

    Used many modern compositional techniques, had many ideas which contributed to him defining music as organized sound.
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    World War I

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    Billie Holiday

    One of the most popular female jazz singers, performed with white bands, was known for her renditions of blues songs
  • Rise of Jazz Music

    Jazz is an American music style that originated from popular African traditions.
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    Milton Babbitt

    American composer and music theorist who wrote a popular article titled "The Composer as Specialist"
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    Leonard Bernstein

    American conductor, composer and pianist who wrote the popular musical West Side Story, which is so popular due to his complex music.
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    György Ligeti

    Hungarian composer whose style included clusters of sounds and electronic music
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    Composer - Pierre Boulez

    The most important composer and conductor of the French avant-garde
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    Composer - Luciano Berio

    Most popular Italian composer of the 20th century
  • The Wall Street Crash

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    Composer - Henryk Górecki

    Was highly successful, his style included neo-tonality, clusters and emotional symbolism.
  • Porgy and Bess

    Was written by Gershwin to be an American folk opera, was the first opera with an all black cast.
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    Philip Glass

    A pioneer of Minimalism, is one of the most famous composers alive.
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    John Corigliano

    Composer who is famous for his film score of The Red Violin (1997)
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    World War II

  • Appalachian Spring

    One of Copland's biggest orchestral suites, was created for Martha Graham who danced lead in the ballet.
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    Paul Lansky

    American composer and theorist, a pioneer in digital sound synthesis.
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    John Adams

    American composer who combined New Romanticism and minimalism to create a Post-minimalist style.
  • Electronische Musik

    Created in Germany, Karlheinz Stockhausen was a central innovater, led to our modern synthesizer
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    Minimalism

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    Jennifer Higdon

    American composer who wrote a popular piece named Blue Cathedral in 2000.
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    Globalization

  • The bombing of the twin towers