Timeline 5: Post-Romanticism (1890-1930)

  • Mahler (1860-1911)

    Genres Composed: Austro-Bohemian Romantic, Classical, Symphonic, Lieder. Musical Style: Maximalism.
  • Debussy (1862-1918):

    Genres Composed: Orchestra, Symphonic Poetry, Operatic, Ballet, Piano, Chamber Music, and Choral Music.
    Musical Style: Impressionistic; pieces with poetic titles suggesting a topic.
    *The most important French composer of the early 20th century. credited with composing the first modern orchestral work.*
  • Strauss (1864-1949):

    Genres Composed: Tone Poetry, Operatic, Symphonic Poetry, and Orchestra. Musical Styles: Maximalism- Used a lot of chromaticism, and big sizes of performance groups. He also used themes, motives, and thick textures.
  • Schonberg (1874-1951):

    Genres Composed: Brahmsian genres: Lieder, Chamber Music, and Piano.
    Musical Styles: Expressionism, went atonal ca. 1907-1909.
    *Created “melodies” in atonality – called “tone rows". *
  • Ravel (1876-1937):

    Genres Composed: Piano, Chamber Music, Operatic, and Ballet.
    Musical Style: Impressionism
    *Credited with writing the first Impressionist piano piece.*
  • Stravinsky (1882-1971):

    Genres Composed: Ballet, Orchestra, Classical, Piano, Jazz.
    Musical Style: A variety of styles such as; “Russian Period” (up to circa 1920); “French Period” (around 1910, living in Paris); “Neoclassical Period” (circa 1920-54); “Serialist [US] Period” (circa 1954-68). He also composed Operatic and Jazz pieces. Rhythmically complex and had essentially tonal pieces, but with sharp dissonance.
  • Van Gogh Death(1890)

    Artist Vincent Van Gogh died in France at the age of 37 after shooting himself two days earlier.
  • Yosemite National Park (1890)

    October 1, 1890: At the urging of John Muir, The U.S. Congress designated Yosemite a National Park.
  • Compression Diesel Engine(1892)

    Rudolf Diesel invented an efficient, compression ignition, an internal combustion engine known as the 'Diesel Engine'.
  • Cinematograph/Video Camera (1895)

    Lumiere Brothers invent the portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit, and projector called the Cinematograph.
  • Spanish-American War (1898)

    Apr 21, 1898 – Dec 10, 1898; The Spanish-American War was a conflict between the United States and Spain that effectively ended Spain's role as a colonial power in the New World. The United States emerged from the war as a world power with significant territorial claims stretching from the Caribbean to Southeast Asia.
  • Headphones (1910)

    Nathaniel Baldwin's constructed, but potent, headphones.
  • World War I (1914-1918)

    Triple Alliance: Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary vs. Triple Entente: Britain, France, and Russia. The United States joined on the side of the Triple Entente in 1917.
  • Magnetic Tape (1928)

    In 1928 German Austrian engineer; Fritz Pfleumer; patented the world's first magnetic recording tape.