Timeline #3 Classical

Timeline created by videokam
In Music
  • Melody

    created with symmetrical phrasing and were singable. Musical gestures of fanfare, brilliance, singing style, hunting calls. etc emerged. Instrumental music became new avenue of expression.
  • Form

    Sonata form reached its peak in the Classical era. Rondos were very popular as well
  • Church music

    Particularly the arias, began resembling secular arias of the day.
  • Opera

    Opera was main form of entertainment at the beginning of the period, but was later replaced by instrumental concerts in importance by late 19th century
  • Employment

    Church and courts still gave composers and musicians the most steady jobs,
  • Harmony

    Harmonies are still predictable and uncomplicated
  • Texture

    Homophony was the texture of choice unless the composer wanted to evoke a different, more serious tone.
  • Dynamics

    Dynamics were very important during the classical era. Piano and forte contrasts appeared in succession. Expressive markings begin to pick up as well
  • Timbre

    Clarinet joined the orchestra as a permanent member, changing the sound of the orchestral wind section. Timpani still used for effects in forte passages. Fortepiano added new timbre to chamber and orchestral music.
  • Instruments

    Patented version of piano emerged in England 1777. From this point the piano only grew and expanded its versatility. Clarinet was added to orchestra in 1780's giving it a new tone color to manipulate
  • Pietro Metastasio

    1698-1782
  • Giovanni Battista Sammartini

    1700/01-1775
  • Farinelli (Carlo Broschi)

    1705-82
  • Franz Xaver Richter

    1709-89
  • Prince Nikolaus J. Eszterhazy

    1714-90
  • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

    1714-88
  • Christoph Willibald Gluck

    1714-87
  • Johann Stamitz

    1717-57
  • Charles Burney

    1726-1814
  • Franz Joseph Haydn

    1732-1809
  • Johann Christian Bach

    1735-82
  • Luigi Boccherini

    1743-1805
  • William Billings

    1746-1800
  • Domenico Cimarosa

    1749-1801
  • Lorenzo Da Ponte

    1749-1838
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    1749-1832
  • Antonio Salieri

    1750-1825
  • Muzio Clementi

    1752-1832
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    1756-91
  • Period: to

    Classical Period