Timeline 1

  • Period: 476 to 1450

    Medieval Period

  • 800

    Polyphony and notation began to emerge

  • Period: 850 to 1150

    Romanesque era

  • 900


    first described c 900 CE, extant in the 800s CE, notated c 1000 CE
    plainchant "melody" with an added melody. piece of parallel 4ths and 5ths. 3rds were dissonant and shouldnt be used.
  • Period: 1150 to 1450

    Gothic Period

  • Period: 1150 to 1201


    fl. 1150 CE- c. 1201 CE
    cantor at cathedral of Notre Dame.
    First composer of polyphonic music whose name we know
    credited with compiling the Magnus liber organi (c. 1170)
  • 1200


    fl. c. 1200
    cantor at the cathedral of Notre Dame, may have studied with Leonin
  • Period: 1291 to 1361

    P. de Vitry

    First composer of the Ars Nova
  • Period: 1300 to 1350

    Ars Nova

    New art
    new rhythmic polyphony in the motets
    composers and theorists began to talk about this "new art"
  • Period: 1300 to 1377

    G. de Machaut

    Most famous composer and poet of the time
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    F. Landini

    Music Theorist, composer, poet, and organist. He was blind. The most famous italian composer of the 14th century
  • Period: 1347 to 1351

    The Bubonic Plague

    The black death, killed over 75 million people
  • Period: 1386 to 1466


    famous italian artist
  • Period: 1390 to 1453

    J. Dunstable

    English, but influenced musical style in Europe. He used a lot of3rds and 6ths were used in his harmonies. He composed a lot but people would write compositions and put his name on it so they would be popular.
  • Period: 1397 to 1474

    G. Dufay

    First renaissance composer
  • Period: 1420 to 1497

    J. Ockeghem

    Very respected and prolific he is also a low brass
  • Period: 1430 to

    The Renaissance

    New complex currents of thought concerning: arts, science, and religion
  • Period: 1435 to 1511

    J. Tinctoris

    Composer and music theorist, he wrote the first dictionary of musical terms
  • 1440

    Printing Press invention

  • Period: 1450 to 1521

    J. Des Prez

    Most revered Renaissance composer, especially by Martin Luther. He worked at Notre Dame as the provost. He wrote numerous motets, masses and chansons. He was a secular music composer
  • Period: 1450 to 1517

    H. Isaac

    Prolific German Composer who wrote a collection of masses along with many other things
  • Period: 1452 to 1519

    L. Da Vinci

  • Period: 1466 to 1536


    Dutch scholar-philosopher
  • Period: 1466 to 1539

    O. Petrucci

    One of the most important early music publishers. He published 11 volumes of frottola between 1504-1511
  • Period: 1483 to 1546

    M. Luther

    German religious reformer
  • Period: 1490 to 1562

    Adrian Willaert

    Father of text expression
  • Period: 1500 to 1530


    pop music of that time
  • Period: 1505 to

    T. Tallis

    English composer who wrote a 40 (and 80) voice part motet called Spem in Alium
  • Period: 1507 to 1568

    J. Arcadelt

    One of the earliest Italian madrigal composers, worked in Italian and French courts. He wrote of 250 madrigals, 125 French chansons and sacred music.
  • 1517

    Reformation began

    Augusinian monk Martin Luther began the Protestant movement known as the Reformation
  • Period: 1521 to

    P. de Monte

    Most prolific composer of the renaissance. He wrote numerous masses and other sacred works
  • Period: 1525 to


    The most famous composer from the renaissance
  • Period: 1525 to

    G. Pierluigi da Palestrina

    Awarded the most posthumous fame
  • Period: 1525 to

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    Continued to use polyphony even though the church wanted everything homorhythm. He saved polyphony.
  • Period: 1530 to


    The Italian Madrigal originated in Florence, One voice on each part, aristocratic poetry. Sometimes instruments would play a voice part.
  • Period: 1532 to

    O. di Lasso

    a composer who ranks in importance with Josquin and Palestrina
  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    The council of Trent

    Was made as a counter to the reformation. Set new guidelines for music and musicians
  • Period: 1557 to

    G. Gabrieli

    One of the leading composers of instrumental ensemble music and polychoral works in the late renaissance.
  • Period: 1564 to


    Famous English playwright; Many renaissance style songs were composed for and used in his plays
  • Period: 1564 to


    Famous scientist of the renaissance
  • 1567

    Pope Marcellus Mass

    published 1567
    Was written supposedly to satisfy the Council of Trent, 6 a cappella voices. Polyphonic and homorhythmic.
  • Period: 1567 to

    C. Monteverdi

    Moved music from the renaissance style to the baroque. He wrote 9 books of madrigals. He also composed several operas during baroque era
  • Period: 1570 to

    J. Farmer

    English composer and organist who lived in London and Dublin. Known for clever word painting.
  • Canzona septimi toni

    Giovanni Gabrieli; from his large collection called Sacred Symphonies.
    2 choirs of instruments- each in 4 parts