Time of Aztec invasion

  • Feb 18, 1519

    Cortes sails for Mexico

    Cortes sailed to mexico with 11 ships and it shows his determination to explore mexico.
  • Jul 18, 1519

    Tlaxcalans & Cholulas

    Tlaxcalans were enemies of the Aztec & didn't want to be under Spanish rule. Tried to attack the Spanish, but the cortes held them off.
  • Jul 18, 1519

    Tlaxcalans form alliances with Spanish

    Made alliance with the Spanish, agreed to join forces to defeat the Aztec. Cholulas agreed to join with cortes too because they thought they might regain independence from the Aztec.
  • Nov 8, 1519

    Meeting between cortes and moctezuma

    Moctezuma (empire) thought that cortes was the returning god, because of his dark skin and dark hair.
  • Nov 8, 1519

    Cortes takes Moctezuma hostage

    Cortes was determined to conquer the empire for his king, his god, and his riches. He didn't care what he had to do to conquer the empire.
  • Jun 18, 1520

    Noche Triste

    Cortes and his allies defeated the Spanish who'de been sent to arrest him. The survivors joined their army, increasing the size.
  • Nov 18, 1520

    Spanish retreat

    Cortes retreated Tlaxcala to recover from their wounds.
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Spanish invasion

    Cortes needed more people to defeat the Aztec with so he found many cinty-states that disliked being dominated by the Aztec. They gathered allies by means of force. To scare the Aztec he showed off his firepower of his muskets and cannons.
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Aztec meet the Spanish

    Moctezuma sent girfts of jewels and featherworks to the Spanish cortes hopeing for him to leave Veracruz. The spanish leader should either submit to that power or depart. When Cortes puts on the sacred feathered robs of the god, it confirmed he was the reutrning god, Quetzalcoatl. Although he just viewed the clothing as a gift.
  • Massacre of Unarmed Aztec

    Tensions between the Spanish and the aztec increased. Cortes recieved a message that the Spanish governor sent men to arrest him for disobeying his orders.
    Aztec began to prepare for the festival honouring the god Huitzilopochtli. Nobles, priests, and warriors dance at tje celebration. Men surrounded the courtyard and massacred the unarmed worshippers. Nobles and priests had been killed. Spanish had to retreat to cortes palace. Spanish and Aztec's peaceful agreement was gone.
  • Unforseen Enemy

    Cortes, the conquistadors, and the Tlaxcalan allies retreated for about five months to recover from their wounds.
  • Aztec die from smallpox

    Aztec has been dying from smallpox that had been brought by the Spanish. Half of the population died from the disease in those five months.
  • Moctezuma dies

    Cuitlahuac, chosen after the death of Moctezuma, died from the disease after being leader for only 80 days.
  • Spanish conquistadors with allies

    Spanish conquistadors with their native Tlaxcalan allies attack an Aztec temple.