Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

  • Birth

    Birth
    Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was born in Clarkesburg, [West] Virgina. He had 3 siblings. Elizabeth (1819-1826),Warren(1821-1841),and Laura Ann (1826-1911). He was the son of Julia and Jonathan Jackson.
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    Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

  • Family Tragedies (Sister and Father)

    Family Tragedies (Sister and Father)
    Jackson's sister Elizabeth (6) and his father both died of typhoid fever.
  • Family Tragedies (Mother)

    Family Tragedies (Mother)
    His mother, Julia, died when Stonewall was only 7, leaving him an orphan.
  • Family Tragedies (Brother)

    Family Tragedies (Brother)
    Jackson's brother, Warren, died of tuberclosis in 1841.
  • Entering West Point

    Entering West Point
    Stonewall entered the United States Military Academy at West Point.
  • Sister's Marriage

    Sister's Marriage
    In 1844, Jackson's sister, Laura, married Johnathan Arnold.
  • Gradutating from West Point

    Gradutating from West Point
    Jackson graduated as a luitenant in the United States Military and was assigned to the Artillery division in June 1846.
  • First Assignment

    First Assignment
    He joined his first regiment in Mexico, where the United States was then at war. He first met General Robert E Lee in the Mexican War.
  • End of Mexican War

    End of Mexican War
    Returns to United States from Mexico and was assigned to a garrison post in Florida.
  • Resignation from Military

    Resignation from Military
    Resigns from Military because of conflict with another officer and to pursue a career as a military instructor at Virginia Military Institute. (VMI)
  • Accepted to VMI

    Accepted to VMI
    In the spring of 1851, Jackson was offered and accepted the appointment to teach at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia.
  • Duty at VMI

    Duty at VMI
    Reported for duty at VMI. He taught natural and experimental philosophy (related to modern day physics).
  • Resignation from U.S Army

    Resignation from U.S Army
    Stonewall Jackson resigns from United States Army as a Brevet Major and Permanent 1st Lieutenant.
  • First Marriage

    First Marriage
    Jackson married Elinor Junkin, who was the daughter of Dr. George Junkin (President of Washington College).
  • Family Tragedies (Wife)

    Family Tragedies (Wife)
    Elinor Junkin died in childbirth. Thier child, a son, was still born.
  • Second Marriage

    Second Marriage
    Jackson married for the second time. He married Mary Anna Morrison.
  • Birth of Daughter

    Birth of Daughter
    Mary Anna, gave birth do a daughter, Mary Graham. The baby died less than a month later.
  • Command at Harper's Ferry

    Command at Harper's Ferry
    Governor John Letcher ordered Col. Jackson to take command at Harper's Ferry, where he organized the troops that would soon be apart of the famous "Stonewall Brigade".
  • Promotion and Battle of 1st Manassas

    Promotion and Battle of 1st Manassas
    In July of 1861, Stonewall was promoted to Brigadier General. Also, it was the Battle of 1st Manassas, where he acquired his legendary nickname "Stonewall".
  • Promoted to Major General

    Promoted to Major General
    Promoted to Major General and was placed in command of the Valley of Virginia.
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    Seven Days Battle

    This was the Seven Days Battle. Jackson displayed ineffective leadership which stood in contrast to the brilliance of the Shenandoah Valley campaign; the reasons for this uncharacteristic military failure are still wondered about. Then he returned to the Valley.
  • Promotion to Lt. General

    Promotion to Lt. General
    Lee organized his army into 2 corps. Stonewall was promoted to Lt. general and given command of the Second Corps. So Jackson was now in charge of half of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.
  • Birth of daughter

    Birth of daughter
    Jackson's daughter, Julia Laura, was born.
  • Friendly Fire

    Friendly Fire
    Jackson was accidentally shot by his own troops, the 18th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was responisble for the "Friendly Fire". He was struck by three .57 caliber bullets. He was taken to a hospital near the battlefield where his left arm was amputated.
  • Death

    Death
    Jackson died at 3:15 p.m. His last words were "Let us cross the river and rest under the shade of the trees".