The Space Race By facebooker_100003704752325 Oct 4, 1957 The USSR launches Sputnik 1 It was the first man-made object to go into space. It remained in orbit until January 4, 1958. Nov 3, 1957 The launches Sputnik 2 with a dog as its passenger. The dog, Laika, was the first animal to go into space. Jan 31, 1958 USA launches Explorer 1 into space. This was the first U.S. satellite to reach orbit. It lifted off at Cape Canaveral. Explorer 1 carried a scientific experiment of James Van Allen and leads to the discovery of Earth's radiation belt. Mar 5, 1958 The U.S.A. launches Explorer 2 into space. Explorer 2 failed to reach orbit. Mar 17, 1958 The U.S.A. launches Vanguard 1 into orbit. It kept functioning for three years. May 15, 1958 The USSR launches Sputnik 3. Oct 1, 1958 N.A.S.A. is formed. N.A.S.A. stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Oct 11, 1958 The U.S.A. launches Pioneer 1 70,700 miles high. Jan 2, 1959 The USSR launches Luna 1. Luna 1 was the first man-made object to orbit the sun. Mar 3, 1959 The U.S. launches Pioneer 4 to the moon. It passed within 37,000 miles of the Moon before falling into a solar orbit. Pioneer 4 was the first U.S. sun orbiter. Sep 12, 1959 The USSR launches Luna 2. It impacts the moon on September 13, and became the first man-made object to impact the moon. Oct 4, 1959 The USSR launches Luna 3. Luna 3 orbitted the moon and photographed 70% of its surface. Apr 1, 1960 The U.S. launches Tiros 1. Tiros 1 was also the first successful weather satellite. Aug 18, 1960 The US launches Discoverer XIV. Discoverer XIV is the U.S.'s first camera equipped spy satellite. Jan 24, 1961 The U.S. sends John Glenn on Friendship 7. He was the first American in orbit. He actually orbitted the Earth three times. Apr 12, 1961 The USSR sends Turi Gagarin into space. Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space. May 5, 1961 Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space. Dec 14, 1962 The U.S. launches Mariner 2. Mariner 2 flew past Venus and entered a solar orbit. Jun 16, 1963 The USSR sends the first woman into space. Cosmonaut Valentia Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space. Jan 24, 1964 U.S.'s Ranger 7 transmits images of the moon. Ranger 7 transmits the first close-up images of the Moon. Mar 18, 1965 USSR's man does the first spacewalk. Cosmonaut Alexei A. Leonov goes outside of his spacecraft, therefore preforming the very first spacewalk. Jun 3, 1965 Ed White performs America's first spacewalk. Ed White does America's first spacewalk. Jun 14, 1965 U.S.'s Mariner 4 gets close-up images of Mars. Feb 3, 1966 The USSR's Luna 9 soft-lands on the Moon. Luna 9 became the first spacecraft to land on the Moon. Apr 3, 1966 The USSR's Luna 10 orbits the Moon. Aug 14, 1966 U.S.'s Lunar Orbiter 1 takes distant picture of the Earth. The Lunar Orbiter 1 enters orbit and takes pictures of Earth. Oct 18, 1967 The USSR's Venera 4 transmits data about Venus. Venera 4 transmitted data about the atmosphere and surrounding area around Venus. Sep 15, 1968 The USSR launches Zond 5. Zond 5 went around the Moon and returned to Earth six days later. Jul 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong walked on the Moon. Neil Armstrong became the very first man to walk on the Moon. He was on a U.S. spacescraft. Nov 17, 1970 Luna 17 lands on the moon with a robot. Lunokhod 1 was the first robot to be on the Moon. Driven by a five-man team on earth, Lunokhod 1 traveled over surface for 11 days. Dec 15, 1970 USSR's Venera 7 landed on Venus. Jan 31, 1971 The U.S. launched Apollo 14. Allan Shepard, who came on the Apollo 14 spacecraft, became the first man to hit a golfball on the moon. Jul 30, 1971 David Scott and James Irwin drove the first moon rover. Jul 15, 1972 Pioneer 10 traveled through the asteroid belt. Pioneer 10 became the first man-made object to go through the asteroid belt. Apr 5, 1973 Pioneer 11 was launched. It flew past Jupiter in 1974, and Saturn in 1979. It also discovered new rings on Saturn. Jun 24, 1974 The first military space station was launched. USSR's Salyut 3 remained in orbit until February 2, 1977. Oct 1, 1975 USSR's Venera 9 & 10 sent pictures of Venus. Sep 3, 1976 Viking 2 landed on Mars. Viking 2 also discovered water frost.