The Medieval and Renaissance Timeline (476-1600)

By jcl067
  • 476

    Fall of Rome

    The fall of Rome, and the start of the Medieval Era
  • Period: 476 to 1435

    The Middle Ages

  • Period: 476 to 1450

    The Medieval Period

  • Period: 715 to 731

    Pope Gregory

    Pope Gregory ruled between 715 CE and 731 CE. He was in charge with reorganizing the Gregorian Chants
  • Period: 850 to 1150

    Early Polyphony

    Polyphony and notation first began to emerge
  • Period: 850 to 1150

    Romanesque Period

  • 900

    Organum Was First Described

  • Period: 991 to 1033

    Guido d'Arezzo

    Is credited for "creating" the staff. Suggested using a red line for F, and a yellow line for C
  • 1000

    Organum Was Notated

  • Period: 1098 to 1197

    Hildegard von Bingen

    She is the founder and abbess of the convent at Rupertsberg, Germany. Was very well known for her prophetic powers and revelations. The first female composer in contemporary musicology to receive extensive scholarly research
  • Period: 1150 to 1450

    The Gothic Period

    Notations developed first pitches, then rhythms
  • Period: 1150 to 1201


    Cantor at the Cathedral of Notre Dame. First composer of polyphonic music, as far as we know
  • Period: 1155 to 1207

    Raimbaut de Vaqueiras

    Served at the court in Montferrat in Italy. Was from southern France. Killed in battle serving his patron. Wrote at least 35 poems, with 7 surviving with music
  • Period: 1160 to 1230


    Cantor at the Cathedral of Notre Dame. May have studied with Leonin
  • 1200

    The Medieval Motet

    A music genre. More text than chant. 6 Rhythmic modes. Texts are in French, Latin, or both
  • Period: 1291 to 1361

    Philippe de Vitry

    First composer of the Ars Nova
  • Period: 1300 to 1350

    Ars Nova

    New art
  • Period: 1300 to 1377

    Guillaume de Machaut

    Most famous composer and poet of his time
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    Francesco Landini

    Music theorist, composer, poet, and organist. Famous because he was blind. Most famous composer of the 14th century
  • Period: 1347 to 1352

    The Bubonic Plague

    Killed over 75 million people
  • Period: 1386 to 1466


  • Period: 1390 to 1453

    John Dunstable

    Triadic music. Influenced the musical style in Europe even though he was English
  • Period: 1397 to 1474

    Guillame Dufay

    First Renaissance composer
  • Period: 1430 to


  • Period: 1435 to 1511

    Johannes Tinctoris

    Is the reason we now have music dictionaries
  • Period: 1444 to 1510

    Sandro Botticelli

  • Period: 1452 to 1519

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Famous artist known for painting the Mona Lisa, and the Last Supper. Also know known to be a composer when music notes where found in the Last Supper when a staff is imposed onto it
  • Period: 1466 to 1536


    Dutch scholar-philosopher
  • Period: 1475 to 1564

    Michelangelo Buonarroti

  • Period: 1483 to 1520


    Madonna della Tenda
  • Period: 1483 to 1546

    Martin Luther

    German religious reformer
  • Period: 1488 to 1576


    The Three Ages of Man
  • Period: 1505 to

    Thomas Tallis

    Wrote a 40-voice part motet, and eventually an 80-voice part motet
  • Period: 1528 to

    Paolo Veronese

    The Allegory of Wisdom and Strength
  • Period: 1564 to


    Lived in the early Baroque. Many songs were composed for his plays
  • Period: 1564 to


    Famous scientist
  • Period: to


    Most famous composer from the Renaissance