The Industrial Revolution

  • Britain imports 2.5 million pounds of raw cotton

    Britain imports 2.5 million pounds of raw cotton
  • James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny

    James Hargreaves invents the Spinning Jenny
  • Henry Cort developed a process called puddling

  • James Watt built the steam engine.

  • Period: to

    Effects the Industrial Revolution had on the poulation

    In 1800 6 out of every 7 American workers were farmers. By 1860 the population had grown from 5 million to 30 million people and only 50% were farmers.
  • Period: to

    population of the United States grew from about 5 million to 30 million people, only 50% of Americans were farmers

  • The first steam powered locomotive ran on an industrial rail line in Britain.

  • The public rail line called “The Rocket” was opened.

    It extended 32 miles from Liverpool to Manchester, and
    it went at a speed of 16 mph while pulling a 40 ton train.
  • The Factory Act reduced child labor in Britain

    The number of children in the industry were declined under this act. 9 years old was set as minimum age of employment. Children between 9 and 13 could work 9 hours a day and ages 13-18 years could work 12 hours. As the number of child employment declined, their places were replaced by women resulting in women making up 50% of labor force.
  • Steamships began to cross the Atlantic

  • Britain imported 366 million pounds of cotton per year

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    Britain went from 2,000 miles to more than 6,000 miles of railroad track.
    It increased cotton industry, which was equal to the size of all European countries’ industries combined.
  • Excessive working hours for women were outlawed