The History of Special Education

  • Special Education History

    Special Education History
    Congress adds Title VI to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 creating a Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (this bureau today is called the Office of Special Education Programs or OSEP).
  • The Supreme Court Decision

    The Supreme Court Decision
    Two significant supreme court decisions [PARC v. Pennsylvania (1972) and Mills v. D.C. Board of Education (1972)] apply the equal protection argument to students with disabilities.
  • Rehavilitation Act of 1973

    Rehavilitation Act of 1973
    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is enacted into statute. This national law protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability.

    The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is enacted.

    The EAHCA is amended with the addition of the Handicapped Children’s Protection Act.
  • IDEA

    The EAHCA is amended and is now called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
  • ADA

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is enacted.
  • IDEA Reauthorized

    IDEA Reauthorized
    IDEA reauthorized ***This amendment calls for students with disabilities to be included in on state and district-wide assessments. Also, Regular Education Teachers are now required to be a member of the IEP team.
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    No Child Left Behind is enacted. ***This law calls for all students, including students with disabilities, to be proficient in math and reading by the year 2014.